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  1. 1. Villages
  2. 2. Typical Traits <ul><li>A clustered human settlement or community </li></ul><ul><li>Smaller than a town or city </li></ul><ul><li>Generally is located in rural areas </li></ul><ul><li>The community is engaged in agricalture </li></ul>
  3. 3. English Villages <ul><li>A compact settlement of houses, smaller in size than a town, generally based on agriculture or sea fishing. </li></ul>
  4. 4. The features that distinguish villages from towns <ul><li>Villages should not have a regular agricultural market </li></ul><ul><li>It doesn’t have a town hall nor a mayor </li></ul><ul><li>There should be a clear green belt or open field surrounding its parish borders. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Some types of villages <ul><li>Deserted medieval villages (DMV) – villages that have disappeared, sometimes leaving behind a church or manor house. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Pit villages- villages around a deep coal mine. Can be found in South Yorkshire, North Nottinghamshire. </li></ul><ul><li>Hamlet- a village or settlement that doesn’t have its own church , belonging to a parish of another village or town </li></ul>
  7. 7. American Villages <ul><li>The term village refers to a specific form of incorporated municipal government , similar to a city but with less authority and geographic scope </li></ul>
  8. 8. Different kinds of villages <ul><li>In some states a village is an incorporated municipality usually within a single town or civil township. </li></ul><ul><li>The village may be conterminous( примыкающий) with the town or township. </li></ul><ul><li>There are villages which span the boundaries of more than one town or township. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Difference from cities <ul><li>The villages have the option of being either a “statutory village” or a “charter village” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Statutory village” – run their governments according to state law ( with a six-member council serving four-year term and a mayor) </li></ul><ul><li>“ Charter village”- run their government as they see fit writing a charter. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Russian Villages <ul><li>The place where the rural population is concentrated. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Different types of villages <ul><li>Selo- a village that has a church. </li></ul><ul><li>Derevnya( hamlet)- a village without a church. </li></ul><ul><li>Volost – the lowest administrative unit of the Russian Empire which was usually headquartered in a selo and embraced a few neighboring villages. </li></ul><ul><li>Dacha settlements – villages that are used mostly for seasonal residence. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Villages of national minorities <ul><li>Khutor – in Cossac regions a farm that was owned by a family. </li></ul><ul><li>Stanitsa – an administrative unit that is made up of khutors and a central village. It was larger than a selo in central Russia. </li></ul><ul><li>Aul – Muslim-populated villages in Caucasus and Idel-Ural, without regard to the number of residents. </li></ul>