1. 1. I. Objectives:At the end of the lesson, the students must be able to do the following with at least
75% success. Match, locate and use context clues to improve comprehension and vocabulary
development. Identify the type and explain context clues used in a sentence after a group discussion.
Exhibit good behavior while working with classmates.
II. Subject Matter:Using Context CluesReference: S. A. Stahl and W.E. Nagy, Teaching Word
Meanings. Routledge, 2006 pp 54-59Materials: Visual aids
A. Review: Vocabulary Words Read out a sentence and let the students choose the strips of words to
stick on the board to match the meaning.
AFFIRMATION - a positive assertion
I get annoyed by blogs whose comments boxes are nothing but mutual _________.
BENEVOLENT - marked by or suggestive of kindness
He was a ___________person, though a stranger, he returned my lost purse with its contents
CAJOLE - to convince with flattery or promises
The father had __________ his son into doing his homework by promising he would take him to a
HOAX - to trick into believing as genuine something false and often preposterous
The UFO sighting was announced to be a __________ to divert attention to the government’s
OSTENTATIOUS – an act of being flashy or pretension
He could not prove that the Mayor with ________ personality was a con man.
B. Motivation: Ask the students if they have encountered an unfamiliar word while reading. What
did they do to understand the unfamiliar word? Tell the students that they will learn how to
understand these words without relying too much on the dictionary or the internet. C.
Presentation: 1. Show the word FLEEGLE on the board. Ask volunteers to define it. When no one
is able to state the meaning, discuss strategies for discovering the definition. 2. Tell the students
that one way to figure out the meaning of an unfamiliar word is to use context clues. Sometimes,
clues to the meanings of words are hidden in other near-by words or phrases.
2. 2. 3. Show the following sentence on the board: The students could not fit in the FLEEGLE because
the ten- passenger van was already filled with bags. Point out the word FLEEGLE in the sentence. 4.
Ask the group to guess the meaning of FLEEGLE now that they’ve seen it used in a sentence. When a
student responds with 10-PASSENGER VAN, ask him or her to come forward and underline the clue
from the sentence. 5. Try another! Show TWIP on the board. Speculate about the meaning. 6. Show
this sentence on the board: I don’t like to drink TWIP because of its bitter taste. 7. Speculate again
about the meaning, based on the clues in the sentence. Sometimes sentences contain clues to unknown
words even if the meaning is not stated directly. 8. Discuss the examples below:Context Clue #1:
Definition/RestatementThe meaning of the vocabulary word is in the sentence itself, usually following
the vocabulary word. Ex: Definition or Restatement Jacks duplicity or crafty dishonesty – caused him
to steal his coworkers pensions by directing their money into another account.Context Clue #2:
SynonymThe sentence uses a similar word to help explain the meaning of the vocabulary word. Ex:
Synonym For the team’s deceitfulness, the baseball coach punished their duplicity after admitting to
use steroids to boost their batting speed.Context Clue #3: Antonym /Opposite/ContrastThe sentence
uses a word with an opposite definition to give the meaning of the vocabulary word. These
sentencesusually have negative discourse connectives or what we conjunctions.
Antonym/Opposite/Contrast It was Faye’s duplicity that caused Jay to break up with her. Had she
been honest, he wouldnt have felt the need.Context Clue #4: Examples/General
Information/ExplanationThis type of context clue uses examples or explanations to help the reader
infer the meaning of the vocabularyword. Example or Explanation I was shocked at her duplicity
when she stole my diamond earrings, sold them on eBay and lied to me about it the whole
time.Examples (batch #2)Definition or Restatement The village was desolate, most of the residents
dead or moved, but the crops remained untouched. unoccupied unhappy unlawful
unpredictableSynonym Ballet students appear so lithe; they are so limber and flexible. clumsy fast
3. 3. Antonym/Opposite/Contrast The gentleman was portly, but his wife was thin. fat sexy short
tallExample or Explanation/Gen Info People with phobias, such as being scared of heights, water, or
confined spaces are difficult to cure. Allure of something Bored of something Fear of something
Excited of somethingExamples (Batch #3): Determine the write word from the choices and what kind
of context clue was used.Whether you call him a troglodyte, Neanderthal, or barbarian, I don’t care.
Just don’t call him on my phone. bum caveman king soldierThe Mayor praised the town but the
Governor deprecated it. appreciated belittled collaborated defecatedThe puppy was a complete
nuisance. It was a total bother and an annoyance to all the neighbors. extravagance grievance
hindrance inconvenienceLegumes such as peas and beans produce pods. food fruits leaves
vegetablesD. Application: Let the students answer the exercises on the visuals.Enrichment Activity: R
– Restatement/Def. E – example/Gen. info S – Synonym A – Antonym/ContrastA = He seemed quite
free and easy with a few friends, but at large parties he was quite inhibited. Appeased Controlled
Freed HurriedD or R = Embassies typically follow well-established protocols or accepted procedures
for seating guests at a government dinner. A set of chairs A set of people A set of places A set of
rulesE = Most condiments such as pepper, mustard and catsup, are used to improve the flavor of
foods. seasoning compliments recipe ingredientA = Some city dwellers are affluent while some live in
poverty. fluent smooth happy richD or R = The factory supervisor is going to be inspecting soon, this
is a careful and critical checking of all of themeats processed each day. Drilling Drafting Eliminating
4. 4. A = The boxes werent exactly heavy, just cumbersome, unlike the easy-to-carry bags with handles.
hard to handle hard to hide hard to store hard to transferE = The builder decided that the house could
be built on a number of sites, for instance, along a wooded path,near the ocean, or atop a mountain.
examples place scenery websiteD or R = Gary Paulsen writes books that appeal, or are of particular
interest, to young adult readers. attract appease entertain explainD or R = The soft, bouncy surface
cushioned his landing. A soft pillow A seat to carry Lessen the effect Nonstop bouncingD or R = The
salesman obviously wanted to haggle, so we offered a lower price bargain earn handle chargeIV.
Evaluation: Group the students into 5, give the students 5 minutes and let each group answer 2 items
on the visual aids,let the students appoint a leader and then afterwards let them defend their
answers.Exercises: Determine the type of context clues used on the sentences.1. Hank was an
opportunist, taking benefit of every possible angle. - Restatement2. My mother was candid, truthfully
sharing her ideas on the subject. - Restatement3. The stupendous actor attracted everyone’s attention
because he was so excellent. - Synonym4. President Miller’s policies changed society, catalysts for
improved living around the country. – Gen. Info.5. Peter was likely to be late, and apt to forget
necessary supplies as well. – R or S6. Exchanging screen names is almost like trading phone numbers.
- Synonym7. The preacher’s charm and charisma made him attractive to both young and old. -
Synonym8. The yellow cookie had a bite out of it, looking like nothing so much as a crumbly crescent
moon. – Gen. Info9. Elizabeth had the perfect trifecta of attributes: power, beauty and money. -
Example10. Tell me accurately where you were last night and precisely what were you doing? -
SynonymPut the letter of the matching definition/meaning on each line:I precisely a. OutstandingB
opportunist b. One who takes advantageJ charisma c. Group of threeF catalysts d. UndoubtedlyK
candid e. Trading one for anotherA stupendous f. Agent of changeG apt g. LikelyH crescent h. Shape
like a portion of a circleE exchanging i. ExactlyC trifecta j. Extremely attractive quality k. HonestV.
Assignment Choose two words from the evaluation visual aids word list and then write sentences
using the four types ofcontext clues.