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Brussels Briefing 52: Lystra N. Antoine "Food Safety in Africa: Past Endeavors and Future Directions"

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The Brussels Development Briefing no. 52 on “Food safety: a critical part of the food system in Africa ” took place on 19 September 2018 from 09h00 to 13h00, ACP Secretariat, Brussels 451 Avenue Georges Henri, 1200 Brussels. This Briefing was organised by the ACP-EU Technical Centre for Agricultural and Rural Cooperation (CTA), in collaboration with the European Commission (DG DEVCO & DG Health and Food Safety), the ACP Secretariat, CONCORD and the Global Food Safety Partnership.

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Brussels Briefing 52: Lystra N. Antoine "Food Safety in Africa: Past Endeavors and Future Directions"

  1. 1. Food Safety in Africa: Past Endeavors and Future Directions Brussels Briefing n.52 Lystra N. Antoine CEO, GFSP
  2. 2. • Upgrade regulatory systems to reduce the public health burden of food borne disease for domestic consumers and to encourage trade • Promote food safety systems based upon prevention and underpinned by science; and • Advocate that the SDGs are unattainable without the achievement of adequate, Safe and nutritious food for all. GFSP Key Principles Main Messages • Food Safety is multidimensional, integrated and indispensable to achieving the Sustainable Development Goals. • Goals, Priorities, Strategies and Investments for food safety capacity building should take into consideration the Public Health burden of foodborne illness. • Greater synergies must be achieved between the public sector and private sector capacity building efforts
  3. 3. Food Safety is a Mainstream Economic Development Issue TRADITIONAL IMAGE OF FOOD SAFETY IMPROVED FOOD SAFETY CRITICAL TO THE ACHIEVEMENT OF THE SDGS •Food safety integral to: • SDG1 End Poverty • SDG2 Zero Hunger • SDG 3 Good Health & Well Being •Food safety (practice) contributes to: • SDG5 Gender Equality • SDG Clean Water & Sanitation • SDG8 Decent Work & Economic Growth • SDG11 Sustainable Cities & Communities The lack of explicit attention to food safety in the SDGs stems from the low evidence base of the burden of foodborne disease and the overall low awareness of development practitioners about the economic significance of unsafe food.
  4. 4. • 2015 SDGs adopted: Food safety is necessary for attaining poverty, hunger, health goals • 2015 WHO reports burden of FBD comparable in magnitude to malaria, HIV/AIDs or TB. 2018 attribution studies show consumption of risky food increasing fast in LMICs implying FBD will get worse • Repeated high profile food scares – 2017-2018 world’s largest listeriosis outbreak in South Africa Recent Developments
  5. 5. SSA Food Safety Landscape QUESTION: How best to mobilize, target and coordinate public and private investment?  New evidence of the very large health and economic burden of foodborne disease in SSA - Highest per capita health burden  Agri-food systems are characterized by many hazards but limited understanding of their presence, prevalence and contribution to health risks.  Rapidly growing and urbanizing population needing safe & nutritious food  Heavy dependence by domestic consumers on informal markets for food Produce and animal sourced food are significant contributors to food borne disease  Food Safety underpins the region’s agriculture and development strategies (Malabo Declaration)  National governments are responsible for ensuring safe food, and international donor organizations have been major providers of investments.
  6. 6. The Global Fund for HIV/AIDS Tuberculosis and Malaria raises and invests up to USD 4 billion per year! Largest donor pledges in 2017 include: Australia 69 mil Canada 272 mil EC 170 mil France 360 mil Germany 277 mil Japan 172 mil Netherlands 54 mil Norway 600 mil Sweden 800 mil UK 470 mil US 1.4 bil Food Borne Illness has a health burden comparable to Malaria, HIV/AIDS or Tuberculosis (Havelaar et al., 2015).
  7. 7. Causes of Food Borne Disease 0 5,000,000 10,000,000 15,000,000 20,000,000 25,000,000 zoonoses non zoonoses Havelaar et al., 2015 Global Burden of FBD in LMICs (DALYs)
  8. 8. Goals of the Food Safety in Africa Report Improvement in the quantity and quality of food safety capacity building in sub-Saharan Africa by providing information and analysis that public and private sector can use to better target their investments. The capacity building needs in Africa far outstrip current efforts. This makes it imperative to better target, prioritize and coordinate public and private efforts and find synergies that can help maximize the food safety and development benefits of capacity investments.
  9. 9. Project Methodology • Compiled and analyzed data on over 500 projects funded by 30 donor organizations since 2010 • Gained input from over 200 experts and stakeholders, • Described food safety landscape and governance framework for food safety capacity building • Made key findings and recommendations
  10. 10. Project Advisory Panel • Renata Clarke, FAO • Kelley Cormier, USAID • Melvin Spreij or Marilyn Hopper, STDF • Steve Jaffee, IBRD and IDA/World Bank Group • Barry Lee, IFC/World Bank Group • Paul Mayers or Rolf Schoenert, Canada • Morag Webb, COLEACP • Amare Ayalew, AUC/PACA • Raphael Coly, AU-IBAR • Ruth Oniang’o, Rural Outreach Africa • Stephen Muchiri, East Africa Farmers Federation • Prof. Bassirou Bonfoh, CSRS, Cote d’Ivoire • Prof. Olugbenga Ogunmoyela, Bells University of Technology, Nigeria • Noreen Machila, University of Zambia • Tony Huggett/John Bee, Nestle • Dave Crean/Bob Baker, Mars • Anne Gerardi, GFSI • Les Bourquin, Michigan State • Emanuela Montanari-Stephens, USDA- FAS
  11. 11. Three sets of evidence provide context for the report The very large and likely worsening health burden of foodborne disease The current dominance and future persistence of informal markets Increasing consumer concern over food safety.
  12. 12. Result 1: Complicated, dynamic landscape
  13. 13. Result 2: Food Safety Investments Helpful but Small • Donor investment since 2010 difficult to quantify but likely less than $40 million a year. Small in relation to burden and investments in other health areas. • Relatively few large donors (EC, US, FAO and WHO play lead roles) with World Bank and AfDB playing increasing roles. •Donor food safety investments overwhelmingly focused on supporting overseas market access. •Relatively little donor investment to directly reduce the FBD burden in informal markets through surveillance systems, public awareness, research, etc. •Over 50% projects address FS through improved gov’t capacity rather than support to pvte sector capacity for hazard prevention and verification
  14. 14. Result 3: Expert Concerns • Stakeholders and experts have high concern over public health impacts of food safety • Modern food safety management is applied to export but not to informal markets where most African consumers buy food • Focus still on hazards with little information on, or attention to, risks (human health impacts) • Old-fashioned “control and command” thinking dominates & market and demand led approaches little used •Substantial focus on chemical risks and too little on biological hazards and their risks to human health
  15. 15. Recommendations: Path forward • Health first: Governments and donors need to prioritize investments to better address the public health of domestic consumers dependent on informal markets. • Risk-based: Build capacity for well-governed, evidence-and risk-based food safety systems. • Market-led: Harness marketplace drivers of progress on food safety.
  16. 16. Timeline, Next Steps, & Contacts • Final report in late 2018 • Aspire to apply learnings to specific country and value chain challenges • For more information, contact: