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BeitTheresienstadtKibbutz Givat - Haim Ihud Hefer Valley
Preparation for delegations to PolandFrom the Theresienstadt Ghetto there were transports tothe extermination camps in the east. One of the specialchapters is the story of the family camp at Auschwitz-Birkenau, to which thousands of prisoners from the Ghettoarrived.This programme deals with spiritual resistance, NAZI cover-up and deception, Jewish leadership in the Ghetto and thefamily camp in Birkenau.The programme is designed for pupils in their final schoolyear, delegations to Poland, teachers, guides and students.ProjectsHistory, Music and Memory – Seminar for the commemorationof the musical heritage of the Ghetto.Women in the Holocaust – Seminar in cooperation withBeit Berl and the Ghetto Fighters House Museum.Perach La’Nitzul – Youth assisting Holocaust survivors.Coexistence – Combining Jewish and Arab youth inlearning about the Holocaust.
Educational Programme:“Children writing in the wake of the children’snewspapers in the Ghetto”A rich children’s journalism developed in the children’sdormitories in the Theresienstadt Ghetto. It gave expressionto the hardships that they had to endure, their fears, theirdreams and their hopes. During the workshops, participantsare exposed to the lives of the children in the Ghetto throughwritings and drawings that they left behind.The activity is aimed at pupils from grades five to eightand consists of two meetings, one at Beit Theresienstadtand the other at their school. The product is a newspaperproduced by the children.“The game was our life…”The programme focuses on the educational and moralsignificance of sport, and introduces the participants to thesports organisers and players in the Ghetto.The place of sport in the children’s education at the Ghettowas of most importance, especially for Freddy Hirsch, deputymanager of the Youth Department and revered guide. Byuse of sports games, especially football, educational valueswere transmitted, and memories of normal life offeredsome consolation in the awful reality of the Ghetto.The programme can be adapted for youth and adults.“Growing up between walls”Most of the children aged 12-16 in the Ghetto grew up inchildren’s dormitories, separate from their parents. Thereality of breaking up the family unit changed the lifestyleand expressed independence and maturity.This programme deals with the different relationshipsbetween parents and children, and between childrenthemselves. The meaning of maturing under these conditionswill be investigated by examining diary entries and lettersof the Ghetto’s youth. We also offer activities for parents and children in preparation for Bar/Bat Mitzvah.
ArchiveThe archive includes thousands of original items from thelife in the Ghetto. It also includes an electronic database withdetails about 160,000 Jews who were interned in the Ghetto.The Educational CentreThe educational Centre offers: Target Audience:• Seminars • School pupils from grade 5,• Workshops middle school, and high school• Lectures • Delegations to Poland• Educational Material • Teachers and Guides• Books • Students• Website • Soldiers• Guidance for students in • Retirees written assignments • Domestic and Foreign Tourists
the artistic and cultural creativity of the Ghetto, and therole of the Ghetto in the “Final Solution”.Exhibitions:“Kamarad – They Called it friend”The archives of Beit Theresienstadt offer a peek into theworld of the children in the Ghetto through a children’snewspaper written in the boys’ dormitory, Q-609.Extracts from 22 issues of the newspaper that were writtenand illustrated by hand are displayed. Sections of thenewspaper include articles about the daily life in the boys’dormitory, events in the Ghetto, stories, imaginations and more.“Terezin League –Sport and Youth in the Theresienstadt Ghetto”Sport was an inseparable part of the educational activitiesin the Ghetto. The exhibit displays the football league andstories of the sportspeople in the Ghetto. Original exhibitsand testimonies highlight the additional ways in whichinternees coped with the terrible reality that surroundedthem in the Ghetto.
portrayed to the Jewish leadership in Prague as a “JewishCity”, where the Jews from Bohemia and Moravia would beconcentrated. However, it was soon revealed to be a transitcamp in which Jews from central Europe were held andthen sent to the death camps in the east. At the end of thewar death marches also reached the Ghetto.At its peak capacity about 58,000 people were held in theGhetto, in a place designed for only 7,000. 160,000 Jewswere brought to the Ghetto, of which 88,000 were sent todeath camps, and another approximately 35,000 died inthe Ghetto from illness, hunger and distress.Despite the difficult conditions and the deportations to theeast, the Ghetto had an active cultural life that emphasizedthe care and education of children and youth.On 8 May 1945, the Ghetto was liberated by the Soviet Red Army.The Historical Museum –“Theresienstadt 1941-1945”Through original exhibits, documents, drawings andphotographs, the story of the Ghetto from its founding to itsliberation is spread out before the visitor. The exhibition portrays the Jewish leadership, the deportations to and from the Ghetto, the day-to-day life, the world of the children,
Beit Theresienstadt:Beit Theresienstadt was opened in 1975 in Kibbutz GivatHaim Ichud as an organisation to commemorate the prisonersin the Theresienstadt Ghetto that perished in the Holocaust.The goals of the organisation: a centre for survivors to meetand to forge their vision of learning about the history of theGhetto and of the people who experienced it. The locationincludes a historical museum, exhibition rooms, an archiveand library.Theresienstadt Ghetto:In November 1941 the heads of the SS decided to establishthe Theresienstadt Ghetto in the fortress city of Terezin,located some 60km from the city of Prague. The Ghetto was