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Evolving Spatial Concepts for Learning Arts, Design and Architecture

Presented at the Annual Innovative Learning Spaces Summit on September 23, 2016 in Prague. The event was organised by Luxatia International

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Evolving Spatial Concepts for Learning Arts, Design and Architecture

  1. 1. Evolving Spatial Concepts for Learning Arts, Design andArchitecture CaseAalto University Tapio Koskinen, Head of Technology Aalto University, School of Arts, Design and Architecture Prague, September 23, 2016
  2. 2. INTRO AALTO UNIVERSITY LEARNING SPACES FOR ARTS, DESIGN AND ARCHITECTURE LESSONS LEARNED
  3. 3. Architecture eLearning Development Infrastructures for Learning & Research e.g. Motorcycle Maintenance 1995 2011 2023 tapio.koskinen@aalto.fi https://fi.linkedin.com/in/tapiokoskinen @tapiofi THE LIFELONG LEARNER
  4. 4. 55 Professionals Supporting Learning 25 Specialized Learning Environments
  5. 5. INTRO AALTO UNIVERSITY LEARNING SPACES FOR ARTS, DESIGN AND ARCHITECTURE LESSONS LEARNED
  6. 6. Aalto University in brief Foundation-based university of technology, business, arts and architecture. Founded in 2010, when the Helsinki School of Economics, Helsinki University of Technology and University of Art and Design Helsinki were merged to form a single institution. • 80 000 alumni • 20 000 students • 5 000 employees (370 professors) • Funding 388.8 M€ (2014) 23.9.2016 7
  7. 7. Finland Helsinki Main campus, Otaniemi Helsinki Espoo The School of Business, Töölö The School of Arts, Design and Architecture, Arabia From three Campuses into One Aalto University focuses its operations on the main campus School of Arts, Design and Architecture will move in 2018 School of Economics will move by 2020
  8. 8. Aalto University metro station will open for public in 2017. Light rail service is planned for 2021. Aalto University’s new construction and renovation investments on campus (2010-20) are estimated to be >300 M€.
  9. 9. Aalto Campus master plan and design of the main building are by Alvar Aalto. The old main building was completed in 1964, its renovation was completed in 2016. Architectural design by NRT Architects
  10. 10. Aalto University’s main campus hosts already four schools of technology and parts of the school of economics. The new building will be completed in 2018, it provides facilities for the School of Arts, Design and Architecture. Design is based on a winning proposal by Verstas Architecs in an international competition Video duration 2:12 https://youtu.be/hGn7cIF37Y4
  11. 11. GROUND FLOOR Aalto University New Building School of Arts Design and Architecture
  12. 12. GROUND FLOOR Aalto University New Building School of Arts Design and Architecture Helsinki Olympic Stadium Football Field 105 m * 70 m
  13. 13. INTRO AALTO UNIVERSITY LEARNING SPACES FOR ARTS, DESIGN AND ARCHITECTURE LESSONS LEARNED
  14. 14. ARTS AND DESIGN IS A FAIRLY NEW DISCIPLINE IN UNIVERSITIES TEACHING AND LEARNING MODELS HAVE BEEN DOMINATED BY STUDIO WORK
  15. 15. Active Experimentation Reflective Observation Concrete Experience Abstract Conceptualization Experiential Learning Learning through observation, experimentation and interaction with the environment
  16. 16. Learning Art, Design and Architecture • The learning model adopted by the school combines theory and practice. • The spatial solution supports successful implementation of the learning model. 23.9.2016 17 Hands on learning about materials, techniques and processes Problem based learning in small groups. Learners generate meanings out of their own actions and experience PRACTICETHEORY
  17. 17. Learning Spaces for Art, Design and Architecture 23.9.2016 18 PRACTICETHEORY GENERIC Learning spaces LECTURE ROOM Large Group STUDIO Individual study Peer Learning Group Learning LEARNIN CENTER GALLERY CAFETERIA HUB Informal and Group Learning WORKSHOP Individual study Peer Learning Group Learning Machine Room INFORMAL Learning spaces SPECIALIZED Learning spaces SPECIALIZED Learning spaces There are two main types of specialized learning spaces at Aalto ARTS that are essential from the point of view of the generic learning model adopted by the school: Studio and Workshop
  18. 18. 23.9.2016 19 Studio Studios should be flexible and user configurable. Interior surfaces preferably unfinished. Key learning facilities, such as the specialized workstations are part of the studio. The studio is well connected to the workshops to enable students to easily move their work between the workshops and the studio. Each of the three Studio Clusters consists of the following facilities: LIBRARY GALLERY CAFETERIA HUB Informal and Group Learning Desk work Computer work Group work Faculty workspace Socializing Lockers Access to gallery and workshops DESK WORK AREA: This is the hearth of the studio. The set-up and furniture varies and does not necessarily include conventional desks. The space can be easily re-configured by its users. Student lockers are located within the space. SOCIALIZING AREA: Kitchen / coffee shop area, living room and space for ad-hoc meetings GROUPWORK AREA: Small, Medium and Large project/meeting rooms, serve meetings, group work and classroom sessions. COMPUTER WORK AREA: Specialized workstations with software specific to the area of study. STORAGE ROOM: for student work FACULTY WORKSPACE: offices for professors, lecturers and researchers.
  19. 19. 23.9.2016 20 Workshop The workshop structure comprises of 13 dedicated workshops that are used by the five departments of the school. Several workshops serve also needs of other schools. Each workshop consists of three zones. Ideally the PUBLIC zones of several workshops should be merged. Minimum height 4 m (floor-ceiling) in all workshops. All workshops require occasional changes of machinery/equipment PUBLIC (Informal and Group Learning) • Lounge and gallery area. Furniture for ad-hoc meetings and laptop work. • Common public area for several workshops. • Easy access to studios (students will take their work to studio and back) Hands on Learning • Equipment that can be used without supervision • Includes storage space for unfinished student work • Induction required for 24/7 access. Machine Room • Equipment, materials and machinery that requires supervision and special focus on workplace safety. • Induction required for access. Open 5 days a week, also evenings. • Access to materials storage space Hands on Learning Storage Machine Room Office Access to gallery and workshops PUBLIC LIBRARY GALLERY CAFETERIA HUB Informal and Group Learning Studentwork storage
  20. 20. Group learning Classrooms that support collaborative learning
  21. 21. 23.9.2016 22 Workspaces for faculty and staff “The office space concept for the School of Art, Design and Architecture is a courageous step and helps support and foster the university's strategy and pioneering spirit.” The activity based office concept is currently being piloted on Arabia Campus.
  22. 22. INTRO AALTO UNIVERSITY LEARNING SPACES FOR ARTS, DESIGN AND ARCHITECTURE LESSONS LEARNED
  23. 23. Drivers for change: Learning space strategy
  24. 24. Drivers for change: effective and shared use of space Institutions are becoming increasingly aware of the need for ongoing evaluation of the combined academic and economic effectiveness of their facilities.
  25. 25. Seven Principles of Learning Space Design Comfort: a space which creates a physical and mental sense of ease and well-being. Aesthetics: pleasure which includes the recognition of symmetry, harmony, simplicity and fitness for purpose. Flow: the state of mind felt by the learner when totally involved in the learning experience. Equity: consideration of the needs of cultural and physical differences. Blending: a mixture of technological and face-to-face pedagogical resources. Affordances: the “action possibilities” the learning environment provides the users, including such things as kitchens, natural light, Wi-Fi, private spaces, writing surfaces, sofas, and so on. Repurposing: the potential for multiple usage of a space. www.skgproject.com Professor Mike Keppell Charles Sturt University Drivers for change: Informalization of learning and its facilities
  26. 26. Drivers for change: Pedagogy and Learning design Source: CENTER FOR TEACHING+LEARNING, THE UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS AT AUSTIN
  27. 27. Drivers for change: Technology enhancing studying and teaching
  28. 28. Learning Spaces Life-cycle Paradox BUILDINGS 100 yrs HEVAC 50 yrs 20-30 yrs 7 yrs AUDIOVISUAL SYSTEMS 4-8 yrs LMS etc platforms 3-4 yrs COMPUTERS ?? FACULTY & STAFF STUDENTS PARTITIONING AND FURNITURE
  29. 29. Users’ role in a building project The challenge: How to maintain the users’ motivation and interest? 23.9.2016 30 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 CAMPUS 2015 Initial Arch Comp Väre Construction Use Planning & Design Of the New Building MOVE Over 8 years of involvement, participation and motivation Users: >2000 meetings, workshops, events, presentations… Space Requirement Survey 2010 Unelmien Taik survey 2010 Thematic Workshops 2011 Campus Decision
  30. 30. “Come Together” Lennon J. McCartney P. 1969 Virtual Environment Something good might happen LEGEND

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