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Cold war conflicts

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Cold war conflicts

  1. 1. Cold War Conflicts<br />
  2. 2. Korea<br />After WWII, Korea was divided<br />North Korea was communist<br />South Korea was anti-communist<br />
  3. 3. Korean War (1950-1953)<br />North Koreans invaded South Korea<br />Supplied by USSR and China who wanted to unite the two Koreas under a communist government<br />The United Nations (UN) sent troops (mostly Americans) to protect South Korea and to stop the spread of communism<br />The Chinese sent troops into North Korea to fight the UN<br />Armistice (ceasefire) signed (1953)<br />The border between North and South Korea was set at the 38th Parallel (38 ۫۫ N latitude)<br />Communism was contained and South Korea remained non-communist<br />
  4. 4. Vietnam<br />Vietnam was divided (1955)<br />North Vietnam was communist<br />Led by Ho Chi Minh<br />Supported by China and the Soviet Union<br />South Vietnam was anti-communist<br />Supported by the U.S. and France<br />
  5. 5. Vietnam War (1957-1975)<br />Vietnam War (1957-1975)<br />Viet Cong communist guerrillas tried to take over South Vietnam<br />Backed by North Vietnam, China, and USSR<br />
  6. 6. U.S. involvement in Vietnam (1960s - 1973)<br />U.S. sent money, weapons, and military advisors to South Vietnam<br />U.S. began sending troops to Vietnam (1964)<br />1.5 million Vietnamese and 58,000 Americans died<br />Americans were bitterly divided over war<br />Anti-war protests push U.S. to end war<br />U.S. withdrew troops from Vietnam (1969-1973)<br />Communists took over South Vietnam (1975)<br />Vietnam reunited as communist nation<br />U.S. failed to contain communism<br />
  7. 7. Cuba<br />Cuba was communist<br />Led by Fidel Castro<br />Supported by the Soviet Union<br />
  8. 8. The Cuban Missile Crisis (1962)<br />Soviet Union brought nuclear missiles to Cuba<br />American spy planes took photos of the missile sites<br />Huge threat to U.S. security!<br />Cuba is only 90 miles away from the U.S.<br />Missiles could easily reach major U.S. cities<br />The U.S. and the Soviets came very close to nuclear war<br />U.S. President John F. Kennedy demanded that the Soviets remove the missiles from Cuba<br />Cuba was blockaded by the U.S. navy until the Soviets agreed to remove the missiles<br />Nikita Khrushchev, the Soviet leader, agreed to remove the missiles as long as the U.S. agreed not to invade Cuba and nuclear war was avoided!<br />
  9. 9. Struggle for Influence in Africa<br />After WWII, African nations began fighting for independence<br />The United States and the Soviet Union competed for influence in the African countries<br />Gave money and military aid <br />Tried to spread their ideas<br />Some African nations chose not to take sides<br />