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Power Sector in India• Ministry of Power deals with development of power sector in India which includes legal and policy initiatives, R&D, capacity building , financial and technical interventions to improve distribution efficiency• Works with the Policy guidelines laid by the Cabinet which is responsible to the Parliament• Planning Commission and Standing committees of the Parliament also give directions to MoP• Interacts with CERC and SERCs• MNRE deals with Renewable sources of energy 2
Power Sector in India• Central Electricity Authority (CEA) is the technical arm of the Ministry of Power.• Central Transmission Utility (CTU) ie PGCIL is responsible for inter regional and inter state transmission – Private sector is also involved in transmission• State Transmission Utilities (STUs) is responsible for transmission within the state• National Tariff Policy, National Electricity Policy and Rural Electrification Policies are in place according to the Electricity Act, 2003 3
Power Scenario in India• Total installed Capacity : 178 GW• Mix: Thermal 66%, Hydro 20 %, Nuclear 3%, Renewables 11%• Plans for 100 GW addition in next plan• 4 ultra Mega Power Plants of 4000 MW each sanctioned• 20 GW solar generation by 2020. 4
Power Scenario in India• Transmission Voltages: 765 KV, 400 KV and 220 KV• Initiative taken for 1000 KV transmission• India is divided into five electrical grids• National despatch center, RLDC and SLDCs are in place• All census villages to be electrified by 2012 6
Total 85 entities are in operation in the country [ 7 - in central / joint sector , 78 in state sector ( 32 - DISCOMs, 16-TRANSCOs, 4- SEBs, 15 -GENCOs and 9 PDs, others -2) ] Beside above there are power exchanges (PXIL, IEX, NPEX),Central and State Electricity Regulatory Commissions, Training Institutions. In addition, there are two dedicated financial institutions- REC and PFC- in the country for funding power sector. The distribution of power is mainly with state power utilities (about 88%), Balance 12% is in the Private Sector.
Concerns in the sector• Has to keep pace and help to sustain the 9-10% growth rate achieved by India, maintained even during the world economic recession• Access to electricity – grid or non grid- to all in hamlets and remote areas• High AT&C losses (reduced from 38.86% in 2001-02 to 28.44% in 2008-09)• Aging infrastructure 8
Restructured Accelerated PowerDevelopment and Reforms Program• A $ 1.2 Billion program was launched in 2008 to ensure actual demonstrable loss reduction to 15% on a sustainable basis in towns and cities with population > 30,000 (10,000 in special areas)- 1401 towns under the program.• Establishment of reliable and automated systems for sustained collection of accurate base line data, and the adoption of Information Technology in the areas of energy accounting 10
R-APDRP• Part - A: Metering of Distribution Transformers and Feeders, Automatic Data Logging for all Distribution Transformers and Feeders, SCADA / DMS system, Preparation of Consumer Indexing, GIS Mapping of consumers and entire distribution network, IT applications for meter reading, billing & collection; energy accounting & auditing; MIS; redressal of consumer grievances; establishment of IT enabled consumer service centres etc. 11
RAPDRP• Part - B: Renovation, modernization and strengthening of 11 kV level Substations, Transformers/Transformer Centers, Re- conductoring of lines at 11kV level and below, Load Bifurcation, feeder separation, Load Balancing, HVDS (11kV), Aerial Bunched Conductoring in dense areas, replacement of electromagnetic energy meters with tamper proof electronics meters, installation of capacitor banks and mobile service centres etc. 12
For the systemic growth of the Smart Grid in the country, Government of India has constituted a Indian Smart Grid Task Force (ISGTF) And India Smart Grid Forum (ISGF)
India Smart Grid Task force Smart Grid Task Force is an inter ministerial group and will serve as Government’s focal point for activities related to “Smart Grid”. The task force is chaired by Mr Sam Pitroda,Advisor to Prime Minister on public Information Infrastructure Objective : Development of Smart Grid technologies in the Indian Power Sector.• Role : Ensuring awareness, coordination & integration of the diverse activities related to SMART GRID technologies , R&D, inter-governmental activities, interoperability frame work, review & validate recommendations of SMART GRID forum etc
India Smart Grid Task force - Progress• Two meetings of task force have been held• Five working groups under chairmanship of domain experts/ organisations have been constituted along with the membersWorking DomainGroups 1 Methodology for selecting pilots 2 Loss reduction and theft control including data gathering and analytics 3 Access of power to rural areas & quality power to urban areas 4 Distributed generation & renewable 5 Physical cyber security standards and spectrum
India Smart Grid Task force – Progress - contd …..• Web portal http://www.isgtf.in launched as discussion platform and for dissemination of information, Sharing of information amongst members, document management.• Pilots for development of Smart Grid is being identified. Scoping & funding pattern for Smart Grid Pilots are also being established.• We are looking for partnerships for implementation of smart grid pilots in India.
India Smart Grid Forum• India Smart Grid Forum (ISGF) is a non-profit voluntary consortium of public and private stakeholders. – Objective : Accelerating development of Smart Grid technologies in the Indian Power Sector. - Role : Advisory in nature and it will be publicly promoted but privately managed.
India Smart Grid Forum• Two meetings of Forum have been held• Eight working groups constituted under chairmanship of domain experts/ Working Groups Domain 1 Advanced transmission 2 Advanced distribution 3 Communications 4 Metering and interoperability standards 5 Consumption & Load control 6 Policy & Regulations 7 Architecture & design incl interoperable standard for Smart Grid elements other than meters 8 Business Model
India Smart Grid Forum Progress - contd …..• Over 50 leading IT/Power/research/ utilities are keen to join the forum /institution.• More than 100 experts have given their nominations for contribution for various working groups.• ISGF has signed an MoU with Korean Smart Grid Forum & Japanese Smart Grid (NEDO)
Signing of MoU with KSGF at Jeju, Korea on 8-Nov-2010 20
India Smart Grid …….WAY FORWARD• Devise low cost /cost economical solutions & hardware for SMART meters for all consumers: • AMR meters at the customer level eliminating the need for human intervention in reading. • Use the GSM backbone for the long haul back to the DattaCenters • Cost of meters to be well within $ 20-30,keeping in view the large volume required• Identification of pilots for development of Smart Grid• Identifying areas of improvement in policies/ regulations for development of SMART GRID 22
India Smart Grid Forum …….WAY FORWARD• Need for formulating of required protocols/ standards• Development of SMART GRID for integration & usage of renewables & reducing carbon foot prints making world more livable.• Energy storage mechanisms to be evolved to smoothen the variations in the wind and solar generation.• Evolve DDG systems to bring far flung villages into the power coverage 23