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Energy Grid Conservation Efficiency Creating Colorado’s Smart Grid Deployment RoadmapTransportation RenewableElectrification Integration India-U.S. Conference May 16, 2011 Denver, Colorado
Presentation TopicsCurrent State: Smart Grid in Colorado Project Development Regulatory Environment General ObservationsColorado Senate Bill 180 Purpose Structure Primary OutcomeReconfiguring the System Colorado Policy Goals Market Barriers Utility Business Model
Colorado Smart Grid Project Development Xcel Energy Smart Grid City (Boulder, CO) Project currently in Phase 4, the last planned stage Retroactive CPCN process presents regulatory uncertainty Pricing Pilot has been approved by PUC Business model and system architecture in a debate mode Fort Collins Power, Fort Zed (Fort Collins, CO) Project has received QECB bond allocation approval from GEO Focus is on micro grid application tying 5MW of DG Multiple generation sources are being energized by end summer Ability to tie multiple DG systems for dispatch is major premise
Colorado Smart Grid Project Development AMI Expansion, Black Hills Energy (Pueblo, CO) DOE grant has enabled meter replacement for entire service territory Utility has taken a meter replacement focus in this project Contrast with Xcel project is a case study in divergent approach AMI Expansion, Poudre Valley Rural Electric Assoc DOE grant has enabled meter replacement Utility will be conducting a pricing pilot for TOU, Peak pricing Project demonstrates a deliberate and longer term commitment to smart grid technology for a distribution cooperative
Colorado Smart Grid Regulatory Environment Colorado regulatory landscape A bi-furcated market with mixed incentive structures PUC generally supportive of smart grid technology but concerned about technology obsolesence Non investor owned utilities show flexibility and potential for longer range vision Current policy reflects market disaggregation Regulated utilities under a 30% Renewable Energy Standard Public utilities under a 10% Renewable Energy Standard Regulated utilities under high DSM mandate Public utilities under no efficiency mandate
Colorado Smart Grid General ObservationsSmart grid planning and implementation Cost and lack of systems approach are hindering investment Currently power systems engineering and utility- centric Healthy tension between power industry and vendor community but not benefiting consumers Government and industry must offer a clean and accessible vision demonstrating benefits of smart grid
Colorado Smart Grid Senate Bill 180SB10-180: Colorado Smart Grid Task ForceEstablished an 11-member Task Force to develop the “2011 Colorado Smart Grid Report” Bill Signed by Governor Ritter on June 11, 2010 Bi-partisan sponsorship with PUC support Funded by American Recovery and Re-investment Act
Colorado Smart Grid SB 180 StructureTask Force Commission by: – Governor / Senate President / House Speaker / Senate and House Minority leaders11 Members representing key stakeholders – 2 IOU, Municipal and Cooperative Electric Utilities – Consumer protection / Environmental Issues – Commercial Developers / Engineering Standards – Energy Policy and Regulation / Academic R&D – Director of the Governor’s Energy Office
Colorado Smart Grid SB 180 PurposeLEGISLATIVE REQUIREMENT:The Task Force’s Primary Task was to produce a report containing recommendations and analysis on the feasibility, costs, and timing of transitioning to a secure, resilient, and technologically advanced electric grid, for use by Colorado residents, business, and governmental agencies.2011 COLORADO SMART GRID PLAN:Submitted to Colorado General Assembly and Public Utilities Commission on January 20th, 2011
Colorado Smart Grid SB 180 Primary OutcomesA set of recommendations outlining how consumers and utilities can cooperatively build a new relationship between energy generation, usage and technology
Colorado Smart Grid Governor’s Energy Office Smart Grid Policy The Governor’s Energy Office identifies the following priorities for the development of smart grid in Colorado1. Accelerate and invest in technologies which enable system integration of renewables, energy storage, vehicle electrification and demand response2. Focus on technologies which enable CO2 emission reductions3. Account for and provide regulatory certainty on investments which maintain and improve grid reliability4. Provide funding and expand academic capacity for new workforce5. Promote energy conservation through technology and pricing signals
CO System Current State CHALLENGED BY SYSTEM INTEGRATION Study Area Dispatch - Week of April 10th - No Wind Study Area Dispatch - Week of April 10th - 10% R 50,000 50,000 40,000 40,000 30,000 30,000 MW MW 20,000 20,000 Nuclear Steam Coal Wind Solar CSP w/ Storage Solar PV Combined Cycle 10,000 10,000 Gas Turbine Pumped Storage Hydro Hydro 0 0 MON APR 10 TUE APR 11 WED APR 12 THU APR 13 FRI APR 14 SAT APR 15 SUN APR 16 MON APR 10 TUE APR 11 WED APR 12 THU APR 13 FRI APR 14 SAT APR 15 SUN APR 16 Study Area Dispatch - Week of April 10th - 30%R Study Area Dispatch - Week of April 10th - 20%R 50,000 50,000 40,000 40,000 30,000 30,000 MWMW 20,000 20,000 10,000 10,000 0 0 MON APR 10 TUE APR 11 WED APR 12 THU APR 13 FRI APR 14 SAT APR 15 SUN APR 16 MON APR 10 TUE APR 11 WED APR 12 THU APR 13 FRI APR 14 SAT APR 15 SUN APR 16
Colorado Smart GridPLAN THE WORK AND WORK THE PLAN
Colorado Smart Grid Roadmap RECOMMENDATIONS• The appropriate governing bodies should explore options and market structures that would provide incentives for Smart Grid development.• The PUC and other governing bodies should examine and develop regulatory structures that will provide utilities with incentives to innovate and foster small business development• Customers must sign informed consent to release information to third parties (signed consent may be electronically obtained), except in those instances where access is compelled by law enforcement.• Consumers should have access to their own energy usage, production, cost, pricing, and time-of-use data
Colorado Smart Grid Roadmap RECOMMENDATIONS• Promote open Smart Grid technology standards that encourage competition, innovation, market development, and broad participation.• To increase internal cohesion and develop leadership around Smart Grid governance in Colorado, should participate in plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) stakeholder groups to recommend appropriate infrastructure decisions• Support a flexible, open, secure, and technical standards–compliant architecture to allow consumers and power providers to exchange information to support the provision of further services to/from the grid. A vendor- and platform independent structure.
Colorado Smart Grid Roadmap RECOMMENDATIONS• Encourage the consolidation of Balancing Authorities to better diversify the available pool of utility-scale renewables.• Explore alternative business and regulatory models to address cost recovery/rate mechanisms related to utility losses associated with demand-side management.• Identify specific incentives for utilities to innovate where value is produced for the consumer but may not fit with the standard utility business model.• Identify and adopt an industry-standard definition of grid efficiency.
Thank you Matt Futch Utilities Program Manager Governor’s Energy Office firstname.lastname@example.org