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  2. 1. To analysis of concrete issues of concern in the field of women’s rights, citizenship, and development. 2. To examine the extent of the gender gap . 3. To examine laws against domestic violence 4. To understand women’s attaining rights. 5. To know about the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. 6. To compare Women rights at past and present.
  3. The term women's rights refers to freedoms and entitlements of women and girls of all ages. These rights may or may not be institutionalized, ignored or suppressed by law, local custom, and behavior in a particular society. These liberties are grouped together and differentiated from broader notions of human rights because they often differ from the freedoms inherently possessed by or recognized for men and boys, and because activists for this issue claim an inherent historical and traditional bias against the exercise of rights by women and girls.
  4. a) Right to own property b) Right to freedom of thought, conscience, and religion c) Right to freedom of expression and peaceful assembly and association d) Right to take part in government e) Right to social security
  5. The fundamental economic, social, and cultural structures of patriarchy remain strong Inertia and resistance Continuing struggles for equality and justice  Reproductive rights  Domestic violence  Maternity leave  Equal pay  Sexual harassment  Sexual violence
  6. Dowry Prohibition Act: any property or valuable (direct or indirect) given before, at or after the marriage Section 304B: Death of a woman within 7 years of her marriage Section 498A: When husband or his family subjects woman to cruelty (“intentional” behaviour that causes serious injury or harassment for dowry) Section 376: Rape law Section 294: Obscene acts and songs Section 354: Intent to outrage a woman’s modesty
  7. a. Rights-based (civil) law b. Advocates the right to live with dignity c. First law in India to define DV in a comprehensive way d. Legal right to live a life free of violence e. Government accountable to stop DV f. Emergency orders to stop DV (right to residence, protection orders)
  8. 1. 19th – early 20th century-Main goal – political equality (right to vote) 2. 1960s – 1980s-Main goal – social and cultural equality 3. 1990s –Continuing struggle for social equality The past two decades have seen women's organizations spring up around the world. Many are lawyers seeking justice for the underrepresented. They campaign against torture, domestic violence, equal treatment at work or for land rights and access to credit. All of these women are human rights defenders. This wave of courage, creativity and commitment has all too often met a wall of government indifference and sometimes government repression of the cruelest kind. Few governments recognize the work of women's human rights organizations as a legitimate exercise of fundamental civil and political rights.
  9. Women since few decades ago have been doing a tremendous progress to earn equal right to men.We think that today, women’s right are almost equal to men’s so it will take only a minor effort to make our society even.
  10. ACTIVITY#1: EXPLORING THE CONCEPT OF DISCRIMINATION This activity will give students a chance to explore the concept of discrimination and gain an appreciation of its complexity. Have students work in small groups. Tell them that as a class they are going to come up with a definition of discrimination and that you want each group to develop their own definition ACTIVITY#2: THE HUMAN RIGHTS QUIZ Distribute the Human Rights Quiz to students. Quiz looks at some situations in which the Human Rights may have been violated. Work individually or in groups of two or three. When they have finished the Quiz, the students will allow to discuss their answers immediately. ACTIVITY #4: TYPES OF DISCRIMINATION: PREPARATION In this activity, students will work in small groups in a cooperative learning process called a “jigsaw.”
  11. 1. presentation 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. overview.ppt