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52 Different Landforms Definitions and Pictures.

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  1. 1. Land and Water Terms { Geography
  2. 2. {archipelago a group of many islands
  3. 3. Basin an area of land largely enclosed byhigher land.
  4. 4. Baypart of a body of salt water that reaches into the land;usually smaller than a gulf
  5. 5. Canyon {A deep valley with very steepsides, often carved from the Earthby a river.
  6. 6. Cape a curved or hooked piece of landextending into a body of water
  7. 7. { A large hole in the ground or inCave the side of a hill or mountain.
  8. 8. Channel a narrow deep waterway connecting two largerbodies of water; the deepest part of thewaterway.
  9. 9. Cliffa high, steep slope of rock or soil
  10. 10. Coastland along the sea or ocean
  11. 11. continental shelfplateau of land surface into the ocean but underwater {
  12. 12. { deltaland built up by deposits of sand and silt at the mouth ofsome rivers
  13. 13. {Desert A very dry area
  14. 14. Dividethe highest ridge of land separating river basins
  15. 15. fault {a fracture in the rocks along which there has beenmovement
  16. 16. Fjorda narrow inlet of the sea between high banks orcliffs created by glaciers
  17. 17. {Forest a large tract of land covered with trees and underbrush extensive wooded area
  18. 18. Glacier A slowly moving river of ice.
  19. 19. Gulf part of a sea or ocean that reaches into land; usually larger than a bay
  20. 20. Harbora sheltered area ofwater where ships mayanchor safely
  21. 21. highlands {an area of hills, plateaus, and mountains
  22. 22. Hill a raised part of the { earths surface with sloping sides; old mountain which because of erosion has become rounder and shorter
  23. 23. Iceberga large mass of floating ice that has broken off from aglacier, most of this is underwater
  24. 24. Inlet a small part of a body of water that reaches intoa coast
  25. 25. island {an area of land completely surrounded by water
  26. 26. Isthmusnarrow strip of land with water on both sides connectingtwo larger pieces of land
  27. 27. Mesaa land formation having a relatively flat top andsteep rock walls
  28. 28. Mountain high, rocky land, usually with steep sides and apointed or rounded top, higher than a hill
  29. 29. mouth (of a river)place where a river empties into a larger body ofwater; the end of a river
  30. 30.  A low place throughPass mountains that allows for passage of people, cars, etc.
  31. 31. Peak The pointed top of a mountain
  32. 32. Peninsula A body of land that is surrounded by water on three sides.
  33. 33.  A large, flat area of land that is higher than the Plateau surrounding land.
  34. 34. Plain Flat lands that have only small changes in elevation.
  35. 35. Prairie A wide, relatively flat area of land that has grasses and only a few trees.
  36. 36. Pond A small body of water surrounded by land. Usually smaller than a lake.
  37. 37. Rapidsa part of a river, generally shallow, where the currentsmove swiftly over rocks
  38. 38. Reefa ridge of rock or sand at or near the surface of the water
  39. 39. Reservoir a lake where water is collected and stored for future use
  40. 40. A large, flowing body of waterRiver that usually empties into a sea or ocean.
  41. 41. SavannaRegions of tall grasses with afew trees. Wet and dryseasons
  42. 42. Land area with desert likeconditions, few plants, andhills Scrubland
  43. 43. Seaa large body of water, usually salt water, partlyor completely surrounded by land
  44. 44. SoundA wide inlet of the seaor ocean that is parallelto the coastline.It often separates acoastline from a nearbyisland.
  45. 45. StraitA narrow body of waterthat connects twolarger bodies of water.
  46. 46. SwampA type offreshwaterwetland thathas spongy,muddy landand a lot ofwater.Many trees andshrubs grow inswamps.
  47. 47. Areas that are directly effected by the tides Tidewater of the oceans. Some marshes, swamps, a rocky areas along the coast are included.
  48. 48. TributarySometimes called abranch. A stream orriver that flows into alarger river.
  49. 49. A cold, treeless area, usually found at high elevations or at the poles.Tundra
  50. 50. ValleyA low place betweenmountains
  51. 51. VolcanoA mountainous vent in theearths crust.When a volcano erupts itspews out hot lava, ashes,and hot gasses from deepinside the earth.
  52. 52. WaterfallWhen water in a riversuddenly falls off over asteep place.
  53. 53. Wetlands• An area of land that is often wet• The soil is often low in oxygen.• Areas include swamps, sloughs, fens, bogs, marshes, etc.
  54. 54.  1. Make your table with 2 columns and 52 rows 2 In column #1 write the landform term and the definition 3. In the row across from it, add a pictures of that landform. 4. When you are done, upload the table to Moodle. 5. PRINT OUT THE TABLE 6. Cut it out in rows so that the picture folds behind the term and definition. 7. Use them as flashcards to study for the quiz! Make a table on a Pages Document