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Manitoba OTB

  1. Working Together for Students Open Textbook Collaboration BC and Manitoba Clint Lalonde Manager, Open Education, BCcampus Campus Manitoba Webinar October 22, 2015 Photo: IMG_4590 by Tom Woodward CC-BY-NC
  2. Unless otherwise noted, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License. Feel free to use, modify or distribute any or all of this presentation with attribution.
  3. 1. The textbook problem 2. What are open textbooks? 3. The importance of faculty reviews 4. The process: How Manitoba faculty reviews work
  4. Connect the expertise, programs, and resources of all BC post-secondary institutions under a collaborative service delivery framework • Promote & support the development & use of Open Educational Resources • System wide initiatives to facilitate the enhancement of a high quality teaching & learning culture. Open Education & Professional Learning
  5. The Problem
  6. Average student debt difficult to pay off, CBC, March 11, 2014 Student Debt in Canada, Canadian Federation of Students, Fall 2013 After three years of post-secondary schooling in Nova Scotia, Verge graduated in 2008 with about $25,000 of debt — just about the national average. More than five years later, she has only managed to pay back about $2,000. For people like Verge, high debt loads are not only a financial stress but can delay the time it takes individuals or couples to reach certain milestones, such as having children, getting married or owning property…
  7. 39% 29% 19% 8% 5% How much students in Canada say they spend on textbooks per term $200 or less $200-$400 $400-$600 $600-$800 $800+ Data on Textbook Costs, Higher Education Strategy Association, published February 2015 Data gathered Fall 2012 n=1350
  8. Course Textbook Bookstore Amazon CHEM 1105 Chemistry: The Central Science (lab manual) $215.00 $214.20 MATH 1501 Basic Technical Mathematics with Calculus $186.50 $140 MINE 1101 Laboratory Manual in Physical Geology $118.95 $155 COMM 1135 Writing for Success $45.95 $36.20 COMP 1620 New Perspectives on Computer Concepts $183.95 $165.25 New Perspectives on Microsoft Excel $137.95 $151.40 MINE 1100 Mineral Exploration and Mining Essentials $73.95 $89.95 MINE 1107 None - - PHYS 1147 Custom book & Lab Manual $37 n/a SURV 1145 None - - Total $999.25 $952 2 Year Mining Exploration Program Term 1 (of 4)
  9. Why Textbooks Cost So Much, The Economist, August 16, 2014
  10. Why textbook prices keep climbing Planet Money, NPR October 3, 2014
  11. Principal/Agent Problem
  12. “The cardinal lesson is that prices rise unchecked if the people who order the goods aren’t paying the prices.” The $250 Econ 101 Textbook, Craig Richardson, Wall Street Journal, Jan. 13, 2015
  13. Drugs and Prescriptions Seth Anderson CC-BY-NC-SA
  14. Start talking about cost
  15. But it is about more than just debt
  16. There are pedagogical implications to high textbook costs
  17. How students battled textbook publishers to a draw, Planet Money, NPR, Oct 9, 2014
  18. How students battled textbook publishers to a draw, Planet Money, NPR, Oct 9, 2014 What is going on here?
  19. 65% students have not purchased a textbook for a course during their academic career because of price Source: Fixing the Broken Textbook Market U.S. PIRG Cover image: Center for Public Interest Research used under CC-BY 4.0 license
  20. Textbook Costs vs Student Success Source: 2012 student survey by Florida Virtual Campus Slide: CC-BY Cable Green, Creative Commons via       60%+ do not purchase books at some point due to book cost 35% take fewer courses due to book cost 31% choose not to register for a course due to book cost 23% regularly go without textbooks due to book cost 14% have dropped a course due to book cost 10% have withdrawn from a course due to book cost
  21. iPod DRM by *n3wjack's world in pixels used under CC-BY-SA license
  22. “My textbook is… …back-ordered …in the mail …out of stock …the wrong edition …on hold until my student loan arrives …not needed until I decide I want this course” How often do students start the term without the resources they need?
  23. Students Get Savvier about Textbook Buying, The Chronicle of Higher Education, January 2013 Emma Anderson, 21 Political science, U. of California at Berkeley “Usually when I don’t buy it, it’s because I’ve found that you actually don’t need it for the class.” Jennifer Bi, 20 Economics, U. of California at Berkeley “My most expensive class was clinical psych, because she writes the textbook herself, and it has a new edition every semester or something ridiculous. So it was like almost $200. And the thing is that you can’t use the previous edition, because she changes it herself because she knows the textbooks sell well. It’s like so manipulative.” Marie Efira, 63 Anthropology, Foothill College “I had to take very few classes, because each time the price of the book more than doubles the tuition fee. It took me much longer to get my degree.”
  24. “Learning is a very human activity. The more people feel they are being treated as human beings – that their human needs are being taken into account – the more they are likely to learn, and learn to learn” Malcom Knowles
  25. Problems 1. Textbooks are expensive 2. Students are not using them 3. Students can’t keep them 4. Students can fall weeks behind 5. Students are taking more time to finish 6. Learning is negatively affected
  26. Open textbooks can help
  27. What are Open Textbooks? A textbook licensed under an open copyright license, and made available online to be freely used by students, teachers and members of the public. They are available for free as online and electronic versions, or as low-cost printed versions, should students opt for these.
  28. What are Open Textbooks? A textbook licensed under an open copyright license, and made available online to be freely used by students, teachers and members of the public. They are available for free as online versions, and as low-cost printed versions, should students opt for these.
  29. Where do open textbooks come from?
  30. The 5 R’s of Open • Make and own copiesRetain • Use in a wide range of waysReuse • Adapt, modify, and improveRevise • Combine two or moreRemix • Share with othersRedistribute Adapted (color change) from Open Education: A “Simple” Introduction by David Wiley released under CC-BY license
  31. Creative Commons logo by Creative Commons used under a CC-BY 3.0 License CC license image from Copyright in Education & Internet in South African Law used under CC-BY 2.5 South Africa license
  32. Faculty have full legal rights to customize & contextualize open textbooks to fit their pedagogical needs
  33. Results Year Sections Students Savings 2013 19 593 $59,300 - $87,960 2014 88 2998 $299,800 - $430,672.50 2015 178 5561 $556,100 - $678,029.65 Total 285 9152 $915,200 - $1.196 mil
  34. Beyond Free
  35. Improve Learning
  36. Fischer, L., Iii, J. H., Robinson, T. J., & Wiley, D. A. (2015). A multi-institutional study of the impact of open textbook adoption on the learning outcomes of post-secondary students. Journal of Computing in Higher Education, 1–14.
  37. Course completion • OTB Students were as likely or more likely to complete their course • In one course, the completion rate 15% higher for students using open textbooks. Grades • Final grades => than those assigned traditional textbooks. • ¼ courses OTB students achieved higher grades Credit load • OTB students took approx 2 credits more both in the semester of the study and in the following semester. Overall success • OTB Students in more than ½ of the courses that used open textbooks did better according to at least one academic measure used in the study • Students in 93% of these courses did at least as well by all of the measures. Adapted from College Textbooks: Do You Get What You Pay For by Nicole Allen CC-BY
  38. 11 Peer Reviewed Studies 48,623 Students 93% Same or Better Outcomes Source: Credit: adapted from David Wiley CC-BY
  39. The Project
  40. BC Open Textbook Project 40 free & open textbooks for highest enrolled 1st & 2nd year post-secondary subjects in BC 2014 – 20 for skills & training First province in Canada 2014 – AB & SASK MOU $1 million 2014 - $1 million Visual notes of John Yap announcement, Giulia Forsythe Used under CC-SA license
  41. The Project Don’t reinvent it by Andrea Hernandez released under CC-BY-NC-SA and based on Wheel by Pauline Mak released under CC-BY license
  42. New Creations
  45. Faculty Reviews ($250) 291/365 by thebarrowboy used under a CC-BY
  46. Reviews > Adaptations My Adventures Adapting a Chemistry Textbook291/365 by thebarrowboy used under a CC-BY
  47. Review Process
  48. Overview • $250 per review • 25 reviews from Manitoba • To qualify: teaching in the subject area at an approved Manitoba institution • Reviews published alongside the book in both Manitoba and BC sites • Reviews done against standard rubric – both qualitative and quantitative • Reviews are released with a CC-BY-ND (No Derivative) licenses • 3 months to do a review • No print copies of books. Electronic versions.
  49. Step 1: Apply to review
  50. Step 1: Apply to review
  51. Step 1: Apply to review
  52. Step 1: Apply to review Instructions & Unique Link
  53. Step 2: Download and review
  54. Step 3: Complete your review online
  55. Step 3: Complete your review online
  56. Step 4: Display and Payment • Once submitted, displays 24 hours later on both site • Automatically triggers payment notification to BCcampus • Contacted by BCcampus for mailing address and additional info • Cheques issued and mailed by SFU • 6-8 weeks
  57. Questions? @clintlalonde @bccampus

Notas del editor

  1. The study is based on more than 16,000 students across 10 institutions, and is the largest and most rigorous study of its kind. Naturally, there are some limitations, most notably that the researchers cannot conclusively claim that textbooks are the sole cause of differences in student outcomes, since uncontrolled factors such as variation in teaching methods may have played a role. However, more than a dozen other studies have been published over the last five years that find a similar correlation between open textbooks and as-good-or-better student outcomes, which shows a definitive trend.
  2. Across eleven academic studies that attempted to measure results pertaining to student learning (with 48,623 students participated) none showed results in which students who utilized OER performed worse than their peers who used traditional textbooks. Allen, G., Guzman-Alvarez, A., Molinaro, M., Larsen, D. (2015). Assessing the Impact and Efficacy of the Open-Access ChemWiki Textbook Project. Educause Learning Initiative Brief, January 2015. See also this newsletter. Bowen, W. G., Chingos, M. M., Lack, K. A., & Nygren, T. I. (2012). Interactive Learning Online at Public Universities: Evidence from Randomized Trials. Ithaka S+R. Bowen, W. G., Chingos, M. M., Lack, K. A., & Nygren, T. I. (2014). Interactive Learning Online at Public Universities: Evidence from a Six‐Campus Randomized Trial. Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 33(1), 94-111. Feldstein, A., Martin, M., Hudson, A., Warren, K., Hilton, J., & Wiley, D. (2012). Open textbooks and increased student access and outcomes. European Journal of Open, Distance and E-Learning. Retrieved from Gil, P., Candelas, F., Jara, C., Garcia, G., Torres, F (2013). Web-based OERs in Computer Networks. International Journal of Engineering Education, 29(6), 1537-1550. (OA preprint) Hilton, J., Gaudet, D., Clark, P., Robinson, J., & Wiley, D. (2013). The adoption of open educational resources by one community college math department. The International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning, 14(4), 37–50. Hilton, J., & Laman, C. (2012). One college’s use of an open psychology textbook. Open Learning: The Journal of Open and Distance Learning, 27(3), 201–217. Retrieved from (Open Repository Preprint). Lovett, M., Meyer, O., & Thille, C. (2008). The open learning initiative: Measuring the effectiveness of the OLI statistics course in accelerating student learning. Journal of Interactive Media in Education, 2008 (1). Pawlyshyn, Braddlee, Casper and Miller (2013). Adopting OER: A Case Study of Cross-Institutional Collaboration and Innovation. Educause Review. Robinson, T.J. (2015). Open Textbooks: The Effects of Open Educational Resource Adoption on Measures of Post-secondary Student Success (Doctoral dissertation). Robinson T. J., Fischer, L., Wiley, D. A., & Hilton, J. (2014). The impact of open textbooks on secondary science learning outcomes. Educational Researcher, 43(7): 341-351. Wiley, D., Hilton, J. Ellington, S., and Hall, T. (2012). “A preliminary examination of the cost savings and learning impacts of using open textbooks in middle and high school science classes.” International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning. 13 (3), pp. 261-276.