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Avant-garde

Avant-garde

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Avant-garde

  1. 1. Avant-garde Art in times of the Great War
  2. 2. What is avant-garde? Group of trends and directions of art that were created in 20th century. They were discarding pervious styles, creating their very own world and looking for a new, fresh way of exposure. After First World War it was developing in European countries and was totally prohibited in Germany.
  3. 3. Avant-garde artist’s thinking • rejecting cultural output • creating new directions in art - trailblazing • aloof approach towards existing directions of art • seeing art as a precursor of development of society • taking inspiration from science and technology
  4. 4. Kinds of avant-garde directions With short descriptions
  5. 5. Futurism Assumption of futurism was to look in the future and reject all traditional and old-fashion works. It did not believe in tradition and wanted everything to be done from scratch, being new and modern. Futurism artists were really into aestetics and believed that they are real „soul guides”.
  6. 6. Expressionism Assumption to present the world from subjective perspective, trying to envoke emotions and moods. Artists were more into expressing feelings and emotions then reality.
  7. 7. Cubism Assumption to create new rules of three-dimensional art and to reject the existing rules of perspective. Artist that had made cubism very popular is well-known Pablo Picasso.
  8. 8. Deda Assumption of arbitrariness of artistic expression, rejecting all terms connected with tradition and freedom of creativity. Artists were the witnesses of the Great War and were suffering the feeling of break-up of civilization
  9. 9. Surrealism Assumption of insurrection towards classicism, realism, empirism, rationalism and conventions in art. The artists of this direction that are well-known are Salvador Dali and surrealists inspiration – Heronim Bosch.
  10. 10. Fauvism Assumption that paintings should be full of life, vibrant, full of colors and out of touch with reality. Artists of this directions usually used colors that had no connection with real world.
  11. 11. Constructivism Assumption to create paintings from geometric figures and shapes. Artists wanted to search new expression of esthetic. Their thinking was also very modern and minimalistic
  12. 12. Conceptual art Assumption to show the way of creating – the idea, concept. Artists wanted to emphasize the importance of intelect and theory.
  13. 13. Land art Assumption to focus on the concept of using land, environment and nature in art. Artists of this direction tried to do their works in open space, out of doors.
  14. 14. Minimalism Assumption to use simple techniques, shapes, surfaces and size. Artists wanted to use frugal stylistics, reject decorative elements and curbe vibrant colors.

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