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Comparison of portugal and mexico

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Comparison of portugal and mexico

  1. 1. Topic: Comparison of Mexico and Portugal Professor: Dr. Erlinda Ganapin Prepared by: Kristle Angeli C. Bautista Palawan State University Graduate School Puerto Princesa City
  2. 2. Objectives: Compare the educational systems of Mexico and Portugal in terms of: a. Goals of Education b. Historical/ Cultural Perspectives c. Government Funds in Education as of 2016 and structure in education ( nursery to Graduate School) d. Organization and Management e. Teacher Education Program f. Problems in Education g. Preparations for the Challenges of the 21st century
  3. 3. MEXICO PORTUGAL Map of the Country Capital: Mexico City Population: 130, 528, 060 (as of May 09, 2018) Budget: $ 1.0 trillion GDP Land area: 1.964 million 𝑘𝑚2 (number 15 land area of all countries on the world) Language: Spanish 2nd langauage : English and French Capital: Lisbon Population: 10, 296, 698 (as of May 09, 2018) vBudget: $ 204.6 billion GDP Land area: 92, 212 𝑘𝑚2 (number 111 land area of all countries on the world) Language: Portuguese 2nd Language: French, Spaninsh and German
  4. 4. Goal of Education MEXICO 1. Achieve Universal Primary Education 2. Promote Gender Equality And Empower Women. PORTUGAL 1. Increase enrollment in secondary and tertiary education. 2. Provide greater fiscal and curricular autonomy to schools. 3. Improve teacher quality and accountability at the primary and secondary level. 4. Increase the quality of education.
  5. 5. Historical / Cultural Perspective • MEXICO PORTUGAL VARIOUS ETHNIC AND CLASS DIVISIONS PRESENT IN THE COUNTRY • Amerindians • Spanish aristocrats • criollos (a social class comprising the locally born people of pure Spanish ancestry) • Peons, and mestizos (those of mixed Amerindian and European—mostly Spanish—blood). • The History of Portugal can be traced from circa 400,000 years ago, when the region of present-day Portugal was inhabited by Homo heidelbergensis. • The oldest human fossil is the skull discovered in the Cave of Aroeira in Almonda. Later Neanderthals roamed the northern Iberian peninsula. Homo sapiens sapiens arrived in Portugal around 35,000 years ago.
  6. 6. Government Budget for Education MEXICO PORTUGAL Budget in Education: $ 95 billion in 2016- 2017. Budget in Education: 7,177.4 Euros - Millions
  7. 7. Structure in Education MEXICO Primary = Grade 1- 6 Technological University = fewer than 4 years (certificate) Academic university (first and 2 years provide General academic and followed specialized in the following yr) Nursery= 2 years old Junior High School = Grade 7-9 High school = Grade 10-12 Higher education Undergraduate studies Intercultural Universities for indigenous People Postgraduate studies Doctorate Master’s degree Preschool = 3- 5 years old Bachillerato = continue studying at a university Preparatoria = vocational Training
  8. 8. Structure in Education PORTUGAL Nursery (infantario) = 4 months – 3 years old Preschool= 3-5 years old Higher education UNIVERSITY Basic education = Grade 1 to grade 9 Secondary = Grade 10 -12 1. General and Technology Course 2. Vocational College Course POLYTECHNIC Post Graduate Studies Master’s Degree Doctorate
  9. 9. Organization and Management MEXICO Enrique Peña Nieto Secretariat of Public Education Each state has own The Ministry of Education 2012
  10. 10. Organization and Management PORTUGAL Secretary of State of Education 2015- present João Costa
  11. 11. Teacher Education Program MEXICO Adult Education Curriculum & Instruction Early Childhood Education Education Leadership & Administration Education Technology & Online Learning Environmental Education Educational & School Psychology ESL/TESOL General Education International Education Special & Gifted Education Teacher Education
  12. 12. Teacher Education Program PORTUGAL Teaching is an academic program that prepares students for different instructing environments. COURSES  Master in Teaching  Master in Educational Leadership  Master in Special Education  Doctorate
  13. 13. Problems in Education MEXICO • Insufficient Enrollments And High Dropout Rates Beyond The Primary Level • Insufficient Supply Of Upper Secondary Schools (particularly in rural areas). • Low Student Achievement Levels. • Teacher training and a lack of research and evaluation that can inform school improvement efforts. PORTUGAL • Struggled With School Repetition • Education Inequality • Functional Illiteracy
  14. 14. Preparations to meet the Challenges of the 21st Century Four Major National Government Programs The Issues MEXICO Oportunidades (formerly known as PROGRESA) provides cash grants to low-income families so that their children can attend school and health services. Programa Escuelas de Calidad, or quality schools program, targets low performing schools Secretaria de Educación (SEP) has had in place a wide range of compensatory programs aimed at improving school infrastructure, equipment, and materials, and providing incentives to teachers and school principals in order to decrease teacher absenteeism and improve school supervision functions. Enciclomedia digitalizes the school curriculum into CD-ROMs so students can learn interactively with the aid of computers. Mexico faces challenges for achieving transparent and equitable funding of students and schools.
  15. 15. Preparations to meet the Challenges of the 21st Century 1. Principal Reforms And Innovations Introduced In The Education System. 2. Quality Education For All Young People MEXICO
  16. 16. Preparations to meet the Challenges of the 21st Century PORTUGAL 1. The educational system is trying to adapt to the unclear challenges that students today will face in a near future when entering the work market or pursuing their studies to higher education. 2. To create conditions that will encourage teachers to initiate, share and evaluate innovative pedagogies including new technologies and to anticipate any impacts such pedagogies may have on the roles of students and teachers. 3. Attention to teachers in order for teaching and learning to be most effective, teachers need to have high levels of well-being, self-efficacy and confidence.
  17. 17. General Assessment of the Education Systems of Mexico and Portugal The Portuguese educational system is highly centralized. Local and regional districts have little autonomy to introduce changes in this centralized educational system. If the Mexico can be attributed to its improving system of education including its higher education system have the chance of being successful .
  18. 18. Conclusion • Mexican education system needs to have more allotted educational budgets because there are 31 state parted to that budget same to the Portugal country which is the poorest country in Western Europe. • In fact, Portugal is 3rd and Mexico’s 2nd to the highest high school drop out rates among OECD countries. • There’s have an impact of the leadership , culture and behavior of the people in the development of one country.
  19. 19. Reference • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Educ ation_in_Mexico • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cultu re_of_Mexico • http://improvingeducationinmexico .yolasite.com/resources/RAND_Edu cation%20in%20Mexico.pdf • http://www.oecd.org/education/hi ghlightsmexico.htm • https://wenr.wes.org/2016/08/edu cation-in-mexico • www.moe.gov.jm/education-gets- 5-billion-increase-201718-budget • • https://seekingalpha.com/a rticle/262093-the- education-gap-portugals- other-problem • http://www.gepe.min- edu.pt/np4/9.html • https://en.wikipedia.org/wi ki/Education_in_Portugal •

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