A retaining wall is a structure that is designed to hold back soil or other materials when there is a change in ground elevation. Retaining walls are commonly used in civil engineering to support soil and prevent erosion. They are typically constructed of various materials, including concrete, masonry, and timber. Retaining walls are used in a variety of settings, including residential and commercial construction, roadways and highways, and landscaping projects. They are often used to create level areas for building or landscaping by holding back soil or other materials on sloping terrain. The design of a retaining wall depends on several factors, including the type of soil, the height of the wall, and the slope of the ground. There are several types of retaining walls, including gravity walls, cantilever walls, sheet pile walls, and anchored walls. The type of wall used depends on the specific requirements of the project. Overall, retaining walls are an important component of civil engineering projects and are used to support soil and prevent erosion. They require careful design and construction to ensure their stability and effectiveness.