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Developing socio linguistics awareness in the Indian classroom

  1. Developing Socio-linguistics awareness in the Indian classroom Mrs. Deepali Gaurav Borde CSSM
  2. Learning Activity  what language is spoken at home? why?  is the same language spoken by different generations?  is there a difference between language used for domestic or professional issues?  what encouragement is given? what are the expectations at home? Observe how people express themselves when language other than Mother tongue is spoken at home
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  4. What is Socio-linguistics Sociolinguistics is the descriptive study of the effect of any and all aspects of society, including cultural norms, expectations, and context, on the way language is used, and society's effect on language. It differs from sociology of language, which focuses on the effect of language on society. Sociolinguistics refers to the way language is used in society.
  5.  The branch of linguistics that deals with the exploration of the relation between language and society is known as sociolinguistics.  Sociolinguistics is based on the fact that language is not a single homogeneous entity , but has different forms in different situations.  The changes in language occur because of changes in social conditions, for example, social class, gender, regional and cultural groups.
  6. • Speech community : a particular social group may speak a different variety of a language from the rest of the community. • Dialect : varieties of a language that are formed in various geographical regions and involve a change in pronunciation vocabulary.
  7. • Class-dialect : changes present in language within the same geographical region due to the social differences between different economic sections, e.g. working class and aristocracy. • Register : variation in language due to the specific area of human activity in which language is used , e.g. Law, religion, science, sports etc. This variety of specific vocabulary according to its use is called register. Thus language use in communication is not arbitrary or uncontrolled, but is governed by rules of situational and contextual appropriateness.
  8. How do societies become multilingual ? (Causes) Migration Cultural Contact Annexation / Colonialism Commerce and Trade Ethnic identity
  9. Migration People migrate for the purpose of employment, marriage, studies etc. and due to this they come in in contact with new languages. Cultural contact Food, cloths, dance and music etc. are culture specific and adds to the language which is needed to transact the culture. Explanation
  10. Annexation / Colonialism During the British era, there was a need to identify one language which could be used in India for administration purposes. However, this provide to be a challenge and the ended up identifying 5-6 languages which came into prominence. Commerce and trade The language of trade is unique and as trade expands across the local border, it is important that the language used by the buyer and the seller has to match. Thus due to trade and commerce, society becomes multilingual.
  11. Ethnic identity Even within a particular community or region. Each ethic community will have its variation based on the ethnic identity. This affects their language and use of the language. Thus a Gujrati Muslim will be very different from a Kerala Muslim.
  12. Creating Awareness ( Teacher’s Role) Have a positive regard for Bilingualism or Multilingualism: Bilingualism cannot be identified with a low level of intelligence , poor educational performance and socio- economic stagnation. Bilingualism is independent of intelligence and consistent with the highest educational and socio-economic achievement.
  13. Have a positive attitude towards the Mother tongue The learner’s other languages have their own distinctive and valued roles to play in his/her community. Ignoring the existence of these languages or negating their value by insisting on the exclusive use of the dominant language is detrimental to the learner’s self-respect and cultural identity.
  14. Familiarities with the learner’s languages Teachers must be familiar with the other languages in the learner’s repertoires, at this will ensure that the learner can make himself understood at the basic level. Tolerant attitude A relaxed ,open minded or tolerant attitude to language variation promotes cultural pluralism. The focus is not on native like performance, but communicative effectiveness.
  15. Using connection between language A teacher must Encourage learners to see connections between their languages and the school language. Most languages have many things similar, which can be highlighted. And in case there are any difference, those to can be explained. Using ‘Codeswitching’ Codeswitching is the use of two or more languages in a single conversation. A teacher should use this technique to establish rapport with the student and help the student whenever they get stuck in their communication needs.
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