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Waardenburg Syndrome is an inherited disorder <br />Usually the people have hearing loss and changes in skin and hair color.<br />There are four types of this disease; the most common types are I and II and types III and IV are more rare.<br />Disease:<br />
Dominant Trait<br />Only one parent has to pass the gene on<br />This disease is found on chromosome 2.<br />How is this disease inherited?<br />
Cleft Lip<br />Constipation <br />Deafness<br />Extremely pale blue eyes or eye colors that do not match<br />Sometimes difficulty in completely straightening the joints<br />Possible slight decrease in intellectual functions<br />White patch of hair or early graying of the hair<br />A wide space between the eyes<br />Symptoms: <br />
Most cases are diagnosed during infancy but the symptoms are present at birth<br />Special attention in school and hearing ability <br />Tests:<br />-Audiometry <br />-Bowel transit time <br />-Colon biopsy <br />-Genetic testing<br />How its tested and diagnosed<br />
Waardenburg Syndrome affects an estimated 1 to every 10 to 20 thousand<br />In schools for the deaf 2 to 3 of students have this condition<br />Occurrence:<br />
Treatment:<br />For Waardenburg Syndrome there is no treatment.<br />You can get hearing aids to help with deafness<br />May need special diets for constipation<br />
People with this disease get their white patch of hair at the age of 12<br />90% of people with this disease have a parent with the disease <br />Symptoms in the parent can be different from the child. <br />Once hearing problems are fixed, most people live a normal life<br />Interesting info<br />
A woman who is 23 has type II of this symptom. On their left eye it is half blue and half brown. She has severe hearing loss. The unique thing about this person is no one in her family has this disease. It was partly because of their father who was on medication and was 50. She was pregnant and has a few complications with the baby. She wont know if the child has Waardenburg syndrome until it is older.<br />People affected by the disease<br />