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CONTEMPORARY REVOLUTIONS. IMOERIALISM AND WORLD WARS. CHALLENGES AND ADVANCES.
There was a serious economic crisis in France. Inequalities between different social groups18th century became more severe. the common people filled the streets of Paris and took control of the Bastille14th July 1789 fortress symbol of the French King’s power.After the French Revolution, the nobility lost their specialprivileges.Commoners could vote in free elections and participate ingovernment.The most values of the French Revolution – liberty, equality andfraternity
First industrialised country was the United Kingdom.Second half of the 18th century. Coal , petroleum, gas and electricity Transport became common, such as steam ships, steam locomotives and automobiles. Millions of people moved from rural areas to urban areas, usually to find work in factories. New social group appeared, called proletariat. Factory worker who lived in the poorest parts of towns and cities.
Countries needed rawmaterials to make their products and sources of energy to power their factories. Markets in which they could sell their products. Some countries chose to expand and establish19th century colonies. This process is known as imperialism. controls an empire of weaker countries, which are called colonies. The United Kingdom, France, the United States, Spain. Controlled most of Africa, Asia and Oceania.
The United Nations (UN) was established in 1945 topromote peace and dialogue between countries.The United States and the USSR became superpowers.The world was divided into two political alliances. TheWestern world wasformed by the United States and its allies. TheCommunist world was formedby the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR).The Cold War started. There was tension between thesuperpowers, but theydidn´t attack. The Cold War ended in 1991, went theUSSR broke up into many independent states.
In human rights.Today, many countries around the world respect the UniversalDeclaration of Human Rights.In science and technology.In daily life.