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Unit 6 health and illness.

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Unit 6 health and illness.

  1. 1. By Luis Marín Ortiz
  2. 2.  Your health is a state of physical and social well-being. Illnesses are health problems that affect your body’s organs.  Health professionals and services can help us to stay healthy.  Illnesses usually have specificsymptoms, like fever, pain or coughing.  A doctor makes a diagnosis and relieve the symptoms and maybe cure the illness, too. A general practitioner is a doctor who treats the most common, everyday illnesses. A medical specialist is a doctor who treats specific illnesses: like cardiologist, gastroenterologist and neurologist. People usually go to hospital if they have a emergency, they can also go for tests and medical treatsments.
  3. 3.  Infectious diseases are illnesses that are caused by microorganisms.  Non- infectious diseases they include allergies, malnutrition, substance abuse and mental illness.
  4. 4.  Bacteria, viruses, protozoans and fungi are common microorganisms. Some of them are not harmful to humans, but others can cause infectious diseases. • Bacteria can cause diseases like tuberculos is, tetanus or salmonell osis.We can treat with antibiotics . • Viruses are harmful, they can diseases like flu, measles, rubella and AIDS. • Protozoans can cause serious infections diseaes, like malaria, cholera and amoebic dry sentery. • Fungi cause diseases of the skin, hair and nails. Athlete’s foot.
  5. 5. By personal contact By droplet contact By contact with contaminated objets By animal B consumption of contaminated food By consumption of contaminated water
  6. 6.  To prevent infectious diseases, we must keep healthy lifestyle habits and follow a schedule of vaccinations. • Wash your hands with soap and water. • Brush your teeth after you eat and before go to bed. • Clean cuts to prevent infections • Keep your pets healthy, take them to the veterinarian • Wash raw fruits and vegetables, clean with water before you eat • Don’t walk barefoot at public swimming pools or gyms
  7. 7. eat a balanced died do regular exercise get 8-10 hours of sleep follow road safety rules accept and respect accept and respect your self other people