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Ultrasonography applications

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Ultrasonography applications

  1. 1. ULTRASONOGRAPHY APPLICATIONS Presented by : Ghaida Al-Rashed
  2. 2. OUT LINE • Definition of Ultrasound • Ultrasound application
  3. 3. DEFINITION OF ULTRASOUND • Is an imaging method that uses high- frequency sound waves to produce images of body structures. • The images can provide valuable information for diagnosing and treating a variety of diseases and conditions.
  4. 4. • Following the history and clinical examination, ultrasound has become one of the investigations of choice in patients with abdominal, chest or Musculoskeletal problems. • The reason is that ultrasound imaging is a cost effective, quick, painless and non-invasive investigation with no radiation hazards or parentral contrast reaction.
  5. 5. CLINICAL APPLICATIONS OF ULTRASONOGRAPHY
  6. 6. Clinical applications of transthoracic ultrasound (chest) • Transthoracic ultrasound has become an important diagnostic tool. • Advantage of Transthoracic Ultrasonography: 1. immediate bedside availability 2. immediate bedside repeatability 3. Rapid goal directed 4. Cost saving 5. Reduction in radiation exposure
  7. 7. Con.. • Transthoracic Ultrasonography useful diagnostic information for : 1. chest wall 2. pleural lesions 3. peripheral lung nodules 4. pulmonary consolidations 5. necrotizing pneumonias 6. lung abscesses 7. tumors with obstructive pneumonitis 8. mediastinal masses 9. peridiaphragmatic lesions
  8. 8. Clinical applications of Abdominal ultrasound • Abdominal ultrasound is performed to evaluate the: 1. kidneys 2. liver 3. gallbladder 4. pancreas 5. spleen 6. abdominal aorta and other blood vessels of the abdomen
  9. 9. Con.. • Ultrasound is used to help diagnose a variety of conditions, such as: 1. abdominal pain or distention. 2. abnormal liver function. 3. enlarged abdominal organ. 4. stones in the gallbladder or kidney. 5. aneurysmin the aorta. 6. Trauma survey and follow up ( FAST) 7. Suspect acute cholecystitis or pyelonephritis
  10. 10. Clinical applications of Musculoskeletal ultrasound • Ultrasound imaging uses to produce pictures of muscles, tendons, ligaments and joints throughout the body. • Ultrasound images are typically used to help diagnose: 1. tendon tears, or tendinitis 2. muscle tears, masses or fluid collections. 3. ligament sprains or tears. 4. inflammation or fluid (effusions) within the bursae and joints. 5. early changes of rheumatoid arthritis. 6. benign and malignant soft tissue tumors. 7. ganglion cysts. 8. dislocations of the hip in infants.
  11. 11. Clinical applications Head Ultrasound • Ultrasound imaging uses to produce pictures of the brain and cerebrospinal fluid. • It is most commonly performed on infants, whose skulls have not completely formed
  12. 12. Con.. • In infants, head ultrasound is used to: 1. evaluate for hydrocephalus, or an enlargement of the ventricles 2. evaluate of intraventricular hemorrhage 3. evaluate of periventricular leukomalacia 4. evaluate for congenital abnormalities. 5. locate the site of an infection or tumor. • In adults, head ultrasound is used to locate and evaluate tumor masses during brain surgery, facilitating their safe removal.
  13. 13. SUMMARY Ultrasound application (abdomine) Ultrasound application (chest) (muscularskl eton) Ultrasound (definition)
  14. 14. REFERENCES • https://www.radiologyinfo.org/en/info.cfm?pg=ultrasound- cranial#common-uses • https://www.radiologyinfo.org/en/info.cfm?pg=musculous • https://www.radiologyinfo.org/en/info.cfm?pg=abdominus

Notas del editor

  • The reason for choice US , the advantage of US
  • tendon tears, or tendinitis of the rotator cuff in the shoulder, Achilles tendon in the ankle and other tendons throughout the body.
  • detect bleeding within the brain tissue or the ventricles= intraventricular hemorrhage
    is damage to the white matter brain tissue surrounding the edges of the ventricles=periventricular leukomalacia (PVL).

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