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Biomechanics/ dental implant courses
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Implant Biomechanics

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Implant Biomechanics

  1. 1. IMPLANT BIOMECHANICS - Dr. Hemal Patel
  2. 2. OSSEOINTEGRATION •Occurs when an implant is inserted into living bone •Connection/bond between living bone and implant •Key for long term stability
  3. 3. Biomechanics is the interaction between the tissues and organs of the body and the forces acting on them. It is the response of the biologic tissue to the applied loads. Variables  Force, Moment and Torque Constants  Bone and perioral tissues FORCE - At rest - In function - Parafunction - Compressive - Tensile - Shear Force magnitude, direction, duration, magnification
  4. 4. Three moment arms in implant dentistry: Occlusal height: Div A < Div C, D Occlusal width: Large occlusal table increase the moment impact for any offset occlusal loads. Cantilever length: •Antero-Posterior (A-P) •Parafunction •Arch form Minimization of these arms are necessary to prevent any implant failure! Square Ovoid Tapered
  5. 5. Quality: D1, D2, D3, D4 Quantity: A B B-w C-w C-h D BONE
  6. 6. IMPLANT 1. Biomaterial: Ti alloy 2. Geometry: - Crest module - Shape: cylindrical, tapered, conical, hybrid et al - Size - Threads: Y/N? Thread geometry, pitch, depth et al - Surface treated: Plasma sprayed, HA coated et al 3. Placement and Prosthetic restoration
  7. 7. Implant placement Conventional placement guided by anatomy and surgical guide after treatment planning! Tilted implants
  8. 8. Platform switching: Use of a smaller-diameter abutment on a larger-diameter implant collar. Preserves crestal bone level Provides horizontal component to biologic width; Implant-abutment interface is shifted inwards Inflammatory cell infiltrate in non-platform switched (L) & platform-switched implant (R) 9
  9. 9. Biomechanical case planning •Force magnitude, direction, duration type and magnification •Site: Location, bone, bony undercut •Type, height, size (length+diameter), functional surface area of implant •Surgery
  10. 10. To summarize, •Case based Implant selection: variables – number, shape, threads, pitch, surface, length, diameter, et al. •Elimination of parafunction •DON’T connect implant to natural tooth! •DON’T use wide diameter implants in very dense bone! •Proper occlusion and loading: - Implant protected occlusion - Progressive loading - Cross bite for buccally resorbed • Maxillary anterior: Angled > Straight abutment Steep anterior guidance
  11. 11. Implant-protected occlusion: - increase the surface area of implants - decreasing the width of the occlusal table - reducing the occlusal contacts/no premature contacts, reduced cusp inclination, shallow occlusal anatomy, and wide grooves and fossae - improving the force direction - reducing the magnification of the force Progressive loading: • D1, D2, D3, D4 : 3, 4, 5, 6 months • Soft diet • Change of occlusal material: No contact  acrylic  final metal/ceramic Lateral load
  12. 12. THANK YOU
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