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Revising country’s progress in the past decade Monitoring ongoing scheme Plan for future Reservation of seats in constituencies – parliament/assembly/panchayat and other local bodies To make decisions regarding public welfare Census data is also used by international agencies,scholars,business people,industrialist s etc. census 11/19/12 9
Enumerator goes back - household 2 Questions Any new visitor (not Any birth / deathenumerated already) since since last visit but before last visit but before 0.00hrs of 1st March 2011 0.00hrs of 1st March 2011 If yes If Yes Update form - birth fill in fresh form Cancel entry - death
Enumerator or supervisor is appointed under this act—Have certain rights and Penalties Rights—To enter the house for census purpose --- To affix no.on the buildings --- To ask all questions in the schedule --- To obtain answers from the respondents PENALTIES– For refusing to perform duty --Putting offensive/ improper questions -- Disclosing any informationUpto Rs.1000 & Imprisonment upto 3 yrs
Slogan of census 2011 – ‘our Census our future’. It is the 15th Census since 1872 7th Census since independence Largest census in the human history ever conducted by any Government till now. No. of census functionaries – 2.7 million Covering 640 districts 5924 sub-districts 5767 Tehsils 7742 towns > 6 lakhs villages
No. of languages (Schedules) - 16 No. of languages (Training Manuals) - 18 Paper utilised – More than11 million tones Total cost – 2209 crores In house listing – New questions on assets added In population enumeration – New questions added
1st time - NPR of usual residents were created (Biometrics) Issue of Smart Card with 12 digit UID No. to all usual residents. Census in school – New initiative.
GENDER GAP IS DECREASINGMALE LITERACY RATE ↑ BY ONLY 6.88% BUT FEMALE LITERACY RATE ↑ BY 11.79%
LITERACY RATE IN EAG (68%) < NON EAG(70%) BUT MOST IMPORTANT - % ↑ IN NO. OF LITERATES IN ALL EAG STATES IS REMARKABLE. BIHAR (74.83%) JHARKHAND(59.24%) U.P(56.4%)
None of the states/ UT had reported literacy rate < 60% Ten states achieved literacy rate > 85% - target set by planning commission for 2010- 2012 All states and UT have male literacy > 70% All states and UT have female literacy >50% For the 1st time, female literacy rate crossed 50% in EAG states
Top 5 States 1) Kerala ( Highest ) – 93.91% 2) Lakshadweep -- 92.28% 3) Mizoram --91.58% 4) Tripura - 87.4% 5) Goa -87.7% Lowest in Bihar -- 63.82% TN in 14th place -- 80.33%
Highest Density State – Bihar ( 1,102 ) Lowest Density State -- Arunalchal (17 Highest Density Union territory— Delhi( 11,297 ) Lowest Density Union territory – Andaman ( 46 ) TN in 6th Place--555
ENCOURAGING DISTRESSINGISSUES ISSUES% Decadal growth is General popn isChild popn is Child sex ratio is ( 927-914)Overall sex ratio is (933— Density of popn is ( 325—940 ) 382 )Overall,male & femaleliteracy rate is% in Literacy & % inIlliteracy rate is more infemales
BEST PERFORMER WORST PERFORMERKERALA BIHARLOWEST PERCENTAGE DECADAL HIGHEST PERCENTAGE DECADALGROWTH IN POPULATION IN INDIA GROWTH(25.07%)(4.86%)HIGHEST LITERACY RATE IN INDIA LOWEST LITERACY RATE(63.82%)(93.91%)HIGHEST MALE AND FEMALE LOWEST MALE AND FEMALELITERACY RATE IN INDIA (96% & LITERCY RATE (73.39% &53.33%)91.98%)HIGHEST SEX RATIO (1038 5TH LOWEST SEX RATIO (916/1000FEMALES /1000 MALES) MALES) census 11/19/12 117
Total popn.is 7,21,38,958 ( 7th place ) ( 5.96%) TN INDIA%Decadal 15.6% 17.64%growthDensity 555 382Sex ratio 995 940Child sex ratio 946 914Literacy rate 80.33% 74.04%For males 86.81% 82.14%For females 73.86% 65.46%
RANKING OF DISTRICTS__POPN Most populous district– Chennai ( 46 lakhs ) Kancheepuram( 39 lak) Least populated district-Perambulur ( 5.65 lakhs )
A Independent India’s 1 st Caste Census India’s caste census – Caste break up of 1.21 billion – launched 1st started – Remote tribal dominant village – 45km north of Tripura – Agartala Enumerator – coming back In general census 2011 In caste census 2011 – SC., ST, Others, No Caste
Caste census—socio economic survey —determine no.living BPLConducted by Rural & Urban Ministry—State Govt.
BPL NOT BPL Without shelter Families with motorised vehicle / two wheeler Destitutes Concrete house Beggars, Scavengers House ≥ 3 rooms TRIBAL S.C, Fixed phone, fishing boat legally released bonded Agricultural equipment labourers Household headed by Pay Professional / Income Tax women with no men between 16 – 59 years Household with no Have a family member in Govt. literate service > 25 years Income - > 10,000 / month Kisan cards > 50,000
Contd… Alarming Skewed child sex ratio (909 838), Govt. planned no. of health department inspection teams (4) equipping with devices like hidden cameras and voice recorder. Govt.planned Reward money – Person who complains about USG clinic (true). Rs.1,000/- Rs.5,000/-
Contd… This rise is due to strict implementation of PNDT act, 1994 Health education of public – Gender equity Rs.10,000 for the informer – sex selective abortion