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Nationalism & revolutions in china, india,

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Nationalism & revolutions in china, india,

  1. 1. Nationalism & Revolutions in China, India, & Turkey
  2. 2. Taiping Rebellion <ul><li>Exposed the weakness of Chinese gov’t. Helped lead to spheres of influence </li></ul>
  3. 3. Sun Yixian <ul><li>(1866-1925) was the most important leader of China's republican revolution. He did much to inspire and organize the movement that overthrew the Qing dynasty in 1911 and organized Kuomintang party </li></ul>
  4. 4. 1919 <ul><li>Japan gained control of German Pacific colonies. Chinese outrage lead to May 4 th Movement. Growing Chinese nationalism & resistance to Japan. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Chinese communist party formed <ul><li>Inspired by Russian Revolution & V.I. Lenin </li></ul>I
  6. 6. Jiang Jieshi became President of China <ul><li>Kuomintang and communists fought leading to civil war. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Japan launched all out invasion of China <ul><li>Rape of Nanking, Japan eventually controlled most of China. </li></ul>
  8. 8. End of WWII <ul><li>Japan surrendered. Civil war in China resumed, Mao Zedong won. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Chairman Mao <ul><li>Mao Zedong ; Head of the People's Republic of China, 1949-76. Mao's Red Army overthrew Jiang Jieshi in 1949, and the communists took over mainland China. Mao turned China into a world military power and created a cult of personality. His campaign to export communism made China a threat to the West and led to confrontations in Southeast Asia and Korea. Under Mao's rule China endured a series of economic disasters and political terrorism, including the brutal Cultural Revolution </li></ul>
  10. 10. India <ul><li>The INC: Hindu, nationalist group wanted British out of India. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Muslim League <ul><li>Islamic, nationalist group wanted British out of India. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Religious Division from the get go <ul><li>1 goal: Nationalism </li></ul><ul><li>2 groups divided by religion </li></ul>
  13. 13. End of WWI <ul><li>Indian troops returned home. Despite fighting and dying for U.K. Indians still oppressed at home. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Amritsar Massacre <ul><li>Amristar massacre; over 400 Indians killed & more than 1200 wounded. British troops fired on them for participating in an illegal public meeting. Majority of Indians now demand their own country </li></ul>
  15. 15. Salt March <ul><li>United Indians. Gandhi’s cause & methods embraced by most Indians. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Mohandas Gandhi <ul><li>Mohandas K. Gandhi. Leader of the INC. Was the driving force behind the Indian independence movement. His ideas of civil disobedience drove the British out of India and inspired non-violent resistance to oppression all over the world. He was assassinated in 1948 by a Hindu who thought Gandhi should be treat Muslims more harshly </li></ul>
  17. 17. Independence <ul><li>India & Pakistan became separate, independent countries. Divided by religion, partition riots killed many. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Jawaharlal Nehru <ul><li>India’s 1st Prime Minister. He attempted a foreign policy of nonalignment during the Cold War. Clashed with Pakistan over Kashmir and took Goa from the Portuguese. Domestically, he promoted democracy, socialism, secularism, and unity, adapting modern values to Indian conditions </li></ul>
  19. 19. Turkey <ul><li>Young Turks were a nationalist group who wanted reform & modernization of society & government </li></ul>
  20. 20. WWI <ul><li>Ottoman Empire entered the war on the side of the Central Powers (Germany, A-H) </li></ul>
  21. 21. Gallipoli <ul><li>ANZAC’s attempt to invade Ottoman Empire. Turks repelled attack (Waltzing Matilda) </li></ul>
  22. 22. Ottoman Empire Ends <ul><li>Greeks invaded Empire. WWI had weakened Ottoman empire, leading to its demise. </li></ul>
  23. 23. Mustafa Kemal Atatürk <ul><li>transformed what was left of the Ottoman Empire into modern Turkey. His military heroics made him a national hero. After becoming Turkey’s 1st President, he attempted political and social reforms making Turkey more of a liberal democracy. In 1934 he was officially named Atatürk, &quot;father of the Turks.&quot; </li></ul>
  24. 24. What is communism? <ul><li>Who founded communism? </li></ul><ul><li>What are its basic ideas? </li></ul><ul><li>How are communism and capitalism different? </li></ul>
  25. 25. Right now <ul><li>Take out Russian Revolution worksheet and yesterday’s China, India, Turkey worksheet </li></ul><ul><li>In paragraph form, answer the final question on the Russian Revolution: What are 3 reasons the Russian people embraced communism? </li></ul>
  26. 26. (Yesterday’s notes sheet) <ul><li>Quickly label the map </li></ul>
  27. 27. Assessment (this counts) <ul><li>On a separate sheet of paper (please write your name on it), answer the 4 questions below the map. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Work independently </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Please use complete sentences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A paragraph for each question </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Write about causes and effects… make connections </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Please use your notes and textbook </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- WARNING!: This requires thought </li></ul></ul>