This is the 4th lecture in British civilization presented in the two last sessions. It provides an overview of British multi-cultural society highlighting both British reception of immigrants, and the différences between the ethnic groups.
Elhem ChnitiInstitut Supérieur des Langues de Nabeul - Islain
1st year lecture 4 ethnicities, minorities and immigragion 2015
1. Minority: less than half the whole
Race: group of common origin with common
Racism: belief that members of 1 race are
inferior or superior to another race, identification
with race and hostility to other races.
Ethnicity: Common consciousness of shared
origins and traditions. Differences between ethnic
minorities are cultural and not biological.
Ethnic identity often linked to national, linguistic
and religious identity,
2. Segregation: Groups live apart, either by minority
or majority imposition.
Discrimination: the practice of unfairly treating a
person or group of people differently from other people
or groups of people. …
Assimilation: Disappearance of cultural and other
distinctions and restrictions of movement and marriage
between ethnic groups
Coexistence of different groups with different values
with no complete assimilation (possible segregation).
Multiculturalism: diversity of groups which remain
culturally distinct and differences may even be
supported by the state.
4. HISTORY OF BRITISH IMMIGRATION
WWI Men from across the Empire
fought for Britain
India: 1.3 M Soldiers
Government feared the impact of
black faces in white Britain (race
riots in 1919)
5. British Troops
The British Indian Army
1.3 million men served in WW1, and 2.5 million in
WW2. Volunteer Indian Soldiers under British officers.
6. Before the Second World War, most
Commonwealth immigrants to Britain came
from the largely white Old Commonwealth
countries of Canada, Australia and New
Zealand, and from South Africa. All
Commonwealth citizens were allowed free
access and were not treated as aliens.
7. HISTORY OF BRITISH IMMIGRATION
Labour shortages in Britain. The government
began looking for immigrants.
157,000 Poles settled in the UK (joined by
Reluctance to allow immigration from the
empire, but not enough workers from Europe.
8. At the invitation of government agencies
immigrants came to fill the vacant manual
and lower-paid jobs of an expanding
People from non-white New Commonwealth
nations of India, Pakistan and the West
Indies came to Britain
On 22 June 1948, hundreds of men from the
West Indies were brought to London.
13. 1965 RACE RELATIONS ACT
Ends discrimination on the grounds of race,
ethnic or national origins
Outlaws discrimination in public places
legislation considered weak by labour
backbenchers and anti-racist groups
Extended in1968 to cover employment &
14. 1976 RACE RELATIONS ACT
Better definition of direct and indirect
outlawed racial discrimination in the work
place and at school, in provision of goods
created CRE (Commission for Racial
Equality) to investigate unlawful
But tightened immigration standards
15. STEPHEN LAWRENCE 1974 -1993
A black British man from
South East London.
Was murdered in a racist
attack while waiting for a bus
on the evening of 22 April
Two of the 5 perpetrators
were convicted almost 20
years later in 2012.
16. RACE EQUALITY STRATEGY, RACE RELATIONS
A public enquiry was ordered into the death
of Stephen Lawrence conducted by
Following Macpherson's report, the 1976 Act
was amended in 2000 to include the police
for the first time.
Public bodies must promote race equality &
prevent race discrimination.
Efforts to increase minority ethnic staff.
22. LIFESTYLES OF ETHNIC MINORITIES
Minorities have their own newspapers:
Caribbean Time, Asian Time and Amar Deep
They have their own political organizations:
The Standing Conference of Afro-
The Asian Councilors
The Black Against State Harassment
and Repression Groups
The Muslim Parliament
23. LIFESTYLES OF ETHNIC MINORITIES 2
Household size: largest for Bangladeshi and
Employment: Indians were least
disadvantaged & Bangladeshis most
Home ownership: Indians &Pakistanis higher
/ Caribbean and Bangladeshi rented houses
Cars: Highest for Indians lowest for
24. LIFESTYLES OF ETHNIC MINORITIES 3
Ability to speak and read English: greatest
among Indians and least among
Patterns of religious affiliation:
- All Pakistanis and Bangladeshis Muslims
- Indians split: Hindus, Sikhs and Muslims.
- Caribbeans mainly Protestant or Catholic
25. INTEGRATION OF ETHNIC MINORITIES IN PUBLIC
the Civil Service: In 2015, 11% of Civil
Servants were from minority ethnic groups.
This compares with 7% in the UK Armed
26. INTEGRATION OF ETHNIC MINORITIES IN PUBLIC
the NHS has the
largest share of
18% of all NHS
staff and around
41% of Doctors in
England are from
an ethnic minority