3. ? Whatis it
● A person with systematically low levels of
blood glucose (sugar) has hypoglycemia.
● Glucose is the body's main energy source.
● Hypoglycemia is not a disease in itself- it is
the result of an underlying issue or
combination of them.
5. Severe Symptoms
When the hypoglycemia is more severe the
following signs or symptoms are possible:
● Concentration problems
● Irrational and disorderly behavior (similar to
somebody who is drunk)
● Seizures (uncommon)
● Loss of consciousness (uncommon)
6. Causes of Hypoglycemia
● It most commonly happens when a person with
diabetes has taken too much insulin.
● Exercise without proper food intake.
● Skipping meals
● Lack of glucagon (hormone that is secreted from the
pancreas that raises blood glucose levels)
● Excessive alcohol consumption: drinking heavily can
block liver from releasing stored glucose
● Tumor of pancreas known as an Insulinoma
● Check blood sugar often, if below 70mg/dl
(milligrams per deciliter) stabilize it by eating.
● Full conscious patient: 1- oral glucose , sucrose or any
sugar containing fluid.
● Patient mental function:
1 IV 50% dextrose 25 – 50 ml or as much as possible
until patient mental state recover.
2 If hypoglycemia is caused by long acting insulin
continue 10% dextrose drip for 24 hr. – 48 hr.
3 Glucagon 1 mg IM , SC can be given to treat severe
hypoglycemia if IV accesses difficult.
● Checking blood glucose levels - keep a regular
check on blood sugar levels and identify the
onset of symptoms.
● Eat regularly - keep to your eating routine.
● Exercise - make sure you have eaten some
carbohydrate-rich food before you do any
10. .Preventions cont
● Be ready - children with diabetes type 1 should
always carry a container of sugary fruit juice or a
candy bar so that they are ready if symptoms are felt.
● Let people know - if you are susceptible to attacks of
hypoglycemia, let your friends, colleagues and family
members know. Explain what the signs are and what
should be done.
11. Concolution :
1 Hypoglycemia is a condition characterized by
abnormally low level of blood sugar.
2 More serious to be treated fast.
3 Continues monitoring of the hypoglycemia
4 Diabetic patient should informed to take food
● Mathura , R. M. F., & Schiel Jr., W. C. (2008, 21 10). Medicine net. Retrieved
● Robin, S. R. (1999). Hypoglycemic diabetes. Rydner. DOI: Farver, A. F. (2009,
June 2). Hypoglycemic complications. Retrieved from
● Rickers, F. (2008). National diabetes information clearinghouse. Retrieved
● Thomas, P. (2010, January 12). Mayo clinic. Retrieved from
● Davey, D. P. (16, February 20). Hypoglycemia (low blood
glucose) in non-diabetic people. Retrieved from
● Hypoglycemia!. (1999). Retrieved from