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The Plant Kingdom

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Plant classyfication

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The Plant Kingdom

  1. 1. THE PLANT KINGDOMTHE PLANT KINGDOM
  2. 2. PLANTPLANT are divided into:are divided into:  Flowering plantFlowering plant  They are the biggestThey are the biggest group on the Earth.group on the Earth.  They use asexualThey use asexual reproduction.reproduction.  They have flowers.They have flowers.  They reproduce throughThey reproduce through seedsseeds  Non-flowering plantsNon-flowering plants  They don´tThey don´t reproduce seeds.reproduce seeds.  They reproduceThey reproduce asexually usingasexually using spores.spores.
  3. 3. Flowering plants areFlowering plants are divided into:divided into:  GimnospermsGimnosperms::  They have small flowers.They have small flowers.  They don´t produce anyThey don´t produce any fruit.fruit.  Their seeds develop inTheir seeds develop in cones.cones.  Many gymnosperms haveMany gymnosperms have long leaves called needles.long leaves called needles.  AngiospermsAngiosperms::  They have pollinatedThey have pollinated flowers.flowers.  They produce fruits withThey produce fruits with seeds inside.seeds inside.  They can be trees,They can be trees, bushes or grass.bushes or grass.
  4. 4. Non-flowering plantsNon-flowering plants are divided into:are divided into:  FernsFerns  They have roots and strong stemThey have roots and strong stem wich grow under the ground.wich grow under the ground.  They have large leaves calledThey have large leaves called fronds.fronds.  They produce spores inside sori.They produce spores inside sori.  Soris are underside of the fronds.Soris are underside of the fronds.  They´re one of the oldest plantsThey´re one of the oldest plants on the Earth.on the Earth.  MossesMosses  They have simple stemsThey have simple stems and leaves.and leaves.  Their roots are calledTheir roots are called rhizoids.rhizoids.  They produce sporesThey produce spores inside capsules.inside capsules.
  5. 5. Roots Flower Leaves Stem Root hairs Trunk Parts of a plant Fruits
  6. 6. Functions of parts of aFunctions of parts of a plantplant  RootsRoots::  They hold the plant in theThey hold the plant in the ground.ground.  They absorb water andThey absorb water and minerals through the rootminerals through the root hairs.hairs.  LeavesLeaves::  They contain clorophyll, a greenThey contain clorophyll, a green substance.substance.  They have two parts:the petioleThey have two parts:the petiole and the blade.and the blade.  Veins support the leaf and carryVeins support the leaf and carry water and minerals.water and minerals.  Stomata are tiny holes which areStomata are tiny holes which are situated underside of the blade.situated underside of the blade.  The gas is exchanged in theThe gas is exchanged in the leaves through stomataleaves through stomata  StemsStems::  They hold up other parts ofThey hold up other parts of the plant.the plant.  They transport materials toThey transport materials to and from the leaves.and from the leaves.  Water and minerals travelWater and minerals travel through them.through them.  The food produced throughThe food produced through photosynthesis then travels tophotosynthesis then travels to other parts of the plantother parts of the plant
  7. 7. Plant nutrition andPlant nutrition and respirationrespiration Raw sap Glucose

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