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GH2EG Executive Summary

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GH2EG Executive Summary

  1. 1. HYDROGEN THE CLEAN ENERGY GAME CHANGER “Spending hundreds and hundreds and hun- dreds of billions of dollars every year for oil, much of it from the Middle East, is just about the single stupidest thing that mod- ern society could possibly do. It’s very diffi- cult to think of anything more idiotic than that.” - R. James Woolsey, Jr., former Director of the CIA Globe Have Two Leading Problems Not Enough Power And Increasing Carbon Emissions. As desire of 7.2 billion people for better standard of living and growth continues to expand around the world, the need for power and more energy will require countries to significantly increase their power generation. This requirement is profound. The problem is; with ongoing growth, we need to burn more fossil fuels as energy requirements and usage will increase. By default, burning fossil fuels come with unavoidable ever in- creasing volumes of CO2 emissions causing the GW, our most troubling and most costly environmental problem. Power generation and transportation are the largest source of CO2 emissions, continue to add up and remain in our atmos- phere for some 1000 years. CO2 and rest of GWG are harmful to our health and to our planet endangering the human survival. The fossil-fuel industry’s success in safeguarding its own eco- nomic interests is no longer tolerable. The industry is refusing any responsibility and being allowed passing all obligations in- cluding the immense cost to mitigate the global damages to public. The regulators must stop the conflicting fossil fuels policies and focus on the biggest problem; the fossil fuels use in extremely wasteful, with low inefficient energy conversion process. In power generation 80% cost of day to day operation is spent on fuel. Yet 65% of the fuels energy in form of heat is intention- ally dumped, with other 10-15 % of energy lost in transmission. In transportation ~ 85% of fuels energy is totally wasted due to inefficiency of relic IC engine. Protecting entrenched industry profits, and their inefficient ICE seem more important than envi- ronmental damage. While for many decades they known that electric motor is far more efficient, plug in EV achieve 90% effi- GLOBAL H2 ENERGY GROUP EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 1/2016 Power utilities are among the most regulated industries but regulators keep rewarding power utilities to deliver only about 15% of the origi- nal fuels energy to our power out- lets. There are some 45,000 power plants around the world and the amount of fuels energy wasted is staggering and there is a better way. We must Link Heat and Elec- tricity in Co-generation, and stop the energy waste madness. Proven on site CHP is able to deliv- er 90% efficiency, and regulators have the authority to create rules for utilities to refocus from power only to cogeneration if they want to stay in business. “The current power infrastructure is as compatible with the future as horse trails were to automobiles” Kurt Yeager, President, Electric Power Research
  2. 2. Cost - effective hydrogen from water is no longer the missing link in the Hydrogen Energy and Economy - Conversion Value Chain. We now have the proprietary knowhow and ability to produce the cheapest, the most energetic non-polluting hydrogen based fuel. Using an outside the box and unconventional approach with help of nanotechnology inserted into old process of water electrolysis al- lows us to produce eH2Fuel at ~50 cents per kg/2.2 lbs. any time, and all the time, based on 10 cents per kWh cost of electricity, and $5 per ton/ 264.2 gal/1000 liters of municipal tap water in U.S. This is the only technology without any limitations that has the ca- pability over next 20-30 years to completely avoid the CO2 emis- sions displace the fossil fuels burning, and reverse the Global Warming if we are the only one responsible. Unlocking the Global Potential of eH2FuelTM Globally 1.5 billion people are still with- out access to electricity and about 3 billion still use solid fuels - wood, char- coal, coal, and dung for cooking and heating. eH2Fuel has no carbon content be- cause the source is water that is abun- dant... easy and cheap to access...and about to make fossil fuels obsolete. Hydrogen liberated from water is a clean universal fuel that burn in pres- ence of oxygen like all fuels but giving out more energy on mass bases than oil, natural gas and coal combined, with only pure water vapor as is emission. Hydrogen will produce clean electricity and electricity can produce renewable hydrogen, creating an energy loop that is repeatable, sustainable and harmless to the environment. This hydrogen fuel may be produced continuously in any desired volume, no storage or transportation is ever need- ed. Hydrogen will run virtually every application and able to replace burning the fossil fuels used today. eH2Fuel used in decentralized CHP can gener- ate electricity heat our homes and com- mercial buildings more efficiently than any central power plant will ever will. Like all common fuels, hydro- gen is only combustible in the presence of oxygen in the air. Hydrogen has properties that make it more advantageous with respect to safety. Hydro- gen it is non-toxic, harmless to people and the environment. It is the lightest element on earth, thus, if released into the air, it disperses very quickly, reduc- ing the potential for accumula- tion and unwanted or accidental combustion. ‘HYDROGEN’ SOLUTION THE BEST IN ENERGY QUALITY AND EFFICIENCY eH2Fuel from Water is Domestic Energy Resource Will provide energy independence Will be economic without subsidies Will not increase use of fossil fuels Will not increase prices of other sectors (like food) Will not create additional environmental problems Will drastically reduce CO2 and threat of GW Will create millions of new long term job opportunities Will provide independence from fossil fuels Will reduce dependency on all energy imports Will guarantee security of energy supply Will reverse the negative world trends Will end the transfer of wealth to unfriendly nations
  3. 3. WATER - is non-combustible, and infinitely safer than liquid fossil fuels, and since it contains no carbon in its structure, it is carbon natural and environmen- tally friendly. Cubic meter of water weight's one ton, and contains 111.18kg /244.46bs. of pure hy- drogen whereas a cubic meter of liquid hydrogen weight's only 71 kg/156.2 lbs. Thus, water packs more mass of hydrogen and store more energy per unit volume, than hydrogen itself because of its tight molecu- lar structure. Ton of Heptane - base of gaso- line store ~113 kg/248.6 lbs. of hydrogen-the true fuel, combined with 886 kg/1949 lbs. of carbon along with 1kg/2.2 lbs. of impuri- ties. All hydrocarbon fuels are molecular combinations of hy- drogen and carbon atoms, each with a specific combination of carbon and hydrogen atoms. That is the same carbon that oil companies are trying desperately to clean up and remove from their fuels. Because every kg/2.2 lbs. of carbon burned, whether contained in coal, natural gas, gasoline, diesel, kerosene, or any other hydrocarbon fuel, una- voidably leads to 3.66 kg of CO2 emissions. Hydrogen has all the right attributes, environmentally benign character and ability to bring about the much needed energy sustainability, with the door wide open to full clean en- ergy independence to all coun- tries. Over 70% of our globe is covered with oceans with average depth of 2.9 miles, estimated to be around 340 million cubic miles. (We already burned through half of Oil reserves estimated at very questionable un- proven 30–40 cubic miles still in ground). 200 Million tons of ocean water is available for every person on earth, family of five “owns” enough sea water to fill lake 6 miles by 6 miles and 40 feet deep. Hydrogen is safely stored in this vast amount of water in our oceans, lakes and rivers and polar ice caps. Advantages of Hydrogen Energy - No carbon is ever needed to be involved! Hydrogen is the most vigorous and universal of all the fuels where on mass basis store over three times the energy of fossil fuels. When we split water and burn the hydrogen it recombines again with oxygen in the air and reform back to water, releasing lots of clean energy in form of heat for us to harness and use. We could not dream up more elegant, more simple or more efficient hy- drogen storage than is provided to us by nature. Contrary to popular be- lieve splitting water is the simplest and most straightforward electrochemi- cal process to obtain the hydrogen as a primary product. The hydrogen doesn’t need exploration, drilling, refining or even transportation. eH2Fuel is the only fuel that may be produced in any desired amount in only few seconds, and used directly on site, there is no need to wait millions of years to be created like all the fossil fuels. The beauty is when we burn hydrogen from water, we may use the large amount of energy released, and it will recombine back to water. The cycle may be repeated over and over again, we will never run out of this energy source. When it comes to fossil fuels; there is no recycling, we may only burn the fossil fuels once, and they are gone forever, but the CO2 released from its combustion stay in our atmosphere for some thousand years. Governments and the big establishment controlling our fossil fuels energy are spending billions, but funding more their PR than the search for better energy storage. It is obvious that it is not in their best interest to find any- thing that will threaten to replace their fossil fuels industry. That is why their billions spent on research will never find the most obvious; the hydro- gen stored in water, because water is one of most abundant resource in the world and everybody can get it. For all practical purposes' there is un- limited amount of clean energy stored in our oceans, lakes and rivers readi- ly available, in form of hydrogen safely bound with oxygen.
  4. 4. Target Global Markets There are millions of large residential, commercial and industrial buildings in US but much larger energy market share falls outside the US, where cost of energy in many cases is two to three times higher that in US. Each one of those countries has large residential and commercial building stock with similar characteristics of thermal and electric loads for eH2Fuel-CHP. Exam- ples of some of those applications in US are listed below. Many residential, commercial and light industrial applications have higher base thermal needs relative to the electric use, especially true for thermal consumption in the cooler months for heating and cooling in summer. Such applications include resorts. hotels, hospitals, nursing homes, college and universities campuses, and light manufacturing among many others. More than ever, we live in a world where changes to the economy, society, and to the environment are so fundamental that the past is no longer a reli- able guide to the future. Even more important than ever we have to look into future and face the reality, that in order to keep what we achieved this far we must take some extreme steps and force some uncompromising changes especially when it comes to energy if we are to survive without the looming global calamity. Making heat and power cheaper and clean, allows for better ROI for inves- tors and stakeholders than with any fossil fuel system, should get every- body’s attention. EU Market size is 160 million build- ings and cost of energy is higher, in number of countries as much as three times the cost in US and most would welcome carefree cheaper clean energy. US Market size is 142 million build- ings and most would welcome cheaper clean energy. Number of U.S. commercial buildings: is 5.6 million. Number of U.S. industrial facilities: is 346,000. Combined annual energy costs for U.S. com- mercial buildings and industrial facilities is $400 billion. eH2Fuel may be used in all appli- cations where fossil fuels are now used, with only minor adjustment, only due to much higher energy content. eH2Fuel on kg/kg basis when burned in CHP system producing electricity and heat using the elec- tricity to charge electric cars with 90% efficiency has 22 times the energy of coal, 3.7 times the ener- gy of natural gas and 18 times the heat energy of gasoline. It is now easy to go green. Market Size for Hydrogen Energy and Economy
  5. 5. Renewables wind and so- lar have very high capital cost but have low efficiency due to intermittent nature of wind and solar radiation. Wind doesn't always blow and sun doesn't shine at night when electricity and light is needed most. Based on strictly economics, the industry will not survive a day without the heavy public financial support. Just as with all fossil fuels energy systems, it is easy to attach meter to hydrogen system, yet far more profita- ble because water at around $ 5 per ton is low-cost feed- stock for hydrogen, without the burden of creating envi- ronmental disaster. Crude oil even at current low prices' is still about $250 per ton. Economics of Cogenera- tion just got even better Cogeneration optimizes the energy supply to all types of consumers, with many bene- fits for both users and socie- ty at large: eH2Fuel/ImHP - CHP burning eH2Fuel offers by far the best economics of any energy system in use and doesn't need a handouts from governments to be economically viable. Electrolysis of water and CHP are mature and availa- ble technology. Dramatic savings are achievable by moving away from central to DE and CHP where conver- sion of fuels energy is in range of 90% efficiency, simply by utilizing most of the fuels energy and availa- ble heat, for space heating/ cooling and hot water, the same heat that central pow- er generation system must intentionally dump because their relic system is unable to use all of the lower tem- perature heat. 20 MW Solar farm in Xuzhou City China Image courtesy of Thomas net News CHANGING ENERGY QUALITY The major benefits of a conversion to Hydrogen energy and economy are the near- elimination of air pollution morbidity and mortality and global warming, due to fossil fuels use, but will allow for new job creation, energy-price stability, reduced interna- tional conflict over energy because each country will largely be energy independent, increased accessed to distributed energy and reduced energy poverty to the 4 billion people worldwide who currently collect their own energy and burn it, and reduced risks of large-scale system disruptions because much of the world power supply will be decentralized. There are many variations of cogeneration in use around the world today. However, in most part, those systems use nonrenewable polluting fossil fuels. eH2Fuel/CHP reduces need for new transmission lines – avoids the need to build costly, hazardous new high-voltage lines over landowner, environmental opposition. A distributed energy future would save billions of capital investment and reduce the cost of new power by about half per kWh. With eH2Fuel/CHP systems located at point of use, line losses are eliminated. Allowing for 10% energy loss the net gain of electrical and thermal energy is ~ 31 kWh from each kg of fuel, compare that to 1 kWh per kg of coal. Energy is all about heat “the cleaner the better”; and it takes lots of effort and money to find, mine, extract, process, and deliver fossil fuels to produce power. But globally we are not just allowing, but in fact rewarding power utilities and the archaic central power generation system to utterly waste and over 2/3 of the heat energy locked in the fossil fuels. With input of 100% fossil fuels energy at the power plant level, the net output arriving at our electrical outlet is only measly 13-15% of the fuels original energy, or put it other way; depending on country there is a 85 -87% fuels energy loss, ~65% is due to power generation, 10-15% is lost in high voltage transmission and ~5-7% is lost in power down to customer 110/220 V level. That simply means that from every dollar utilities spent on fuel, 87 cents is totally wasted, and charged the customers for their system inefficiency and the process. Every gallon/3.785 liters of gasoline burned in our vehicles will release about 20 pounds of CO2 into the atmosphere. The average vehicle emits between 6 to 9 tons of CO2 each year. And there are over billion vehicles driving the roads of the world . Economic Cost Efficiency: The most useful way of rating the efficiency of a hydrogen genera- tion is calculating the energy required to produce kg of hydrogen. If the cost of elec- tricity is known, it is simple to convert to the cost of a kg of hydrogen fuel essentially the cost of a gge. EU cost € 0.15 per kWh and 4.65 kWh/kg plus € 5 per m3 of wa- ter, kg of eH2Fuel cost € 0.70 and deliver 31 kWh of clean CHP for € 0.022 kWh.
  6. 6. Power – to – renewable Hy- drogen gas used in CHP is elegant solution with best eco- nomics of any energy system in use today. Combined heat and power (CHP), or cogener- ation, offers a range of bene- fits for residential and com- mercial applications. Cogeneration systems are old and proven technology suc- cessfully applied in a wide range of residential and com- mercial applications, in many countries. The system will provide signifi- cant cost savings spent on traditional energy. Number of countries the governments provide tax benefits for RE and owners of small combined heat and power plants. eH2Fuel make cogeneration with Stirling engine and Micro Turbine clean and more eco- nomical; please view samples in tables in following pages. Contact: Karel Pesel Email: kpeh2fuel@gmail.com Energy Technologies CZ a.s. Global H2 Energy Group (under formation in U.S.) U.S. Phone: 1 954 600 6847 or 1-954-369-5528 EU - Headquarters: Palác Fenix Václavské náměstí 802/56, 110 00 Prague 1 Czech Republic VP. Luděk Vinš - Phone: + 420 224 033 201 Fax: + 420 224 247 286 Investing and bringing to the global markets environmentally clean and affordable hydrogen technology that will revolutionize the entire energy industry THE MOST DISRUPTIVE ENERGY TECHNOLOGY – World will never be the same. Global Hydrogen Energy Group (GH2EG) under formation is endeavoring to follow in footsteps of Solar City (SCTY) and intends to issue bonds backed by eH2Fuel/ImPS assets later this year. The eH2Fuel/ImHP asset backed securities pool together with long term 10 years power and heat purchase agreements (HPPA) from thousands of small individual eH2Fuel/ImHP plants placed in residential and commercial CHP leases, and pass on some of the steady monthly payments from these assets to debt investors. GH2EG have been seeking better ways to fund its lucra- tive lease projects as the federal RE investment tax credit, which has tra- ditionally helped to attract capital from tax equity investors, securitization of its assets through ETF and green bonds is becoming an important mechanism for the industry, and will expect to play in much larger role in the near future. - See more at: http://cleantechfinance.net/impact- investing/institutions-snap-up-green-bonds-as-more-investors-see-clean- energy-returns/#sthash. The value proposition for hydrogen technology and economy is that it is able to run and generate not just electricity but cogenerate heat and pow- er 24/7/365 a huge advantage over intermittent solar and wind and partic- ularly strong for individual on site carefree co-generation in millions of residential and commercial buildings. In majority of buildings the energy demand is around 60-70% for space heating/cooling and hot water, only some 30% energy demand is for electricity. Thus, the technology offers an opportunity to address real world energy needs and dramatic energy cost savings and not focusing only on electrical power delivery. Scaling up the commercialization of hydrogen technology holds not just a promise to disrupting some of the world’s largest markets mainly energy related, but it will drive the next wave of wealth creations, while at the same time addressing many of the global most pressing questions, envi- ronment, climate change, sustainability, energy independence, and avoid- ing the misery of military conflicts trying to secure the sources of oil re- serves in unstable unfriendly world regions. The beauty of thinking beyond oil and fossil fuels is that the enormous wealth fossil fuels created for only the fortunate few controlling fossil fuels reserves. Water to hydrogen energy and economy will redefine the energy landscape allowing anyone to patriciate, and share the new prosperity from jobs and wealth creation. We http Pag Mobilizing Global Intellectual Capital and Finance
  7. 7. Many group nuclear power with alternate energies due to it zero CO2 emissions, but..! FORCES - Major shortfalls in energy supply - Extreme pressure to reverse rising CO2 emissions -Reduce reliance on fossil fuels - Rapid increase in electricity costs - Increasing pressure to maintain transmission infrastructure - Alternate energies only marginally viable - much higher cost - The nuclear power* generation paradox - Scalable eH2Fuel/ImPS - CHP units Commercial & Residential units - Co-location of generation & consumption; 90% efficiency - Feed excess power to grid - Income stream to provider - Payback < 2 years - Zero CO2 emissions - No nuclear waste concerns Financially most viable alternative to meet Renewable Energy goals SOLUTION
  8. 8. In 2020, the European consumption of energy is projected to be 25 trillion kWh. By 2040 it is expected to rise to 28 trillion kWh. In terms of primary energy consumption, buildings represent around 40%. In 2009, residential buildings consumed 68% of the total final energy use in buildings. Energy in households is mainly consumed by heating (70%), cooling, hot water, cooking and appliances. Gas is the most common fuel used in buildings. EU has a stock of ~160 million buildings. In 2020, the European con- sumption of energy is projected to be 25 trillion kWh. By 2040 it is ex- pected to rise to 28 trillion kWh. In terms of primary energy consump- tion, buildings represent around 40%. In 2012, residential buildings con- sumed 68% of the total final energy use in buildings. Energy in house- holds is mainly consumed by heating (70%), cooling, hot water, cooking and appliances. Gas is the most common fuel used in buildings. TACKLING BUILDINGS’ 32.8 BILLION M² OF HEATED AND COOLED SURFACE AR- EA, TWO THIRDS OF WHICH IS IN RESI- DENTIAL SECTOR, IS A FORMIDABLE CHALLENGE BUT ALSO ENORMOUS BUSINESS OPPORTUNITY.
  9. 9. “The current power infrastructure is as compatible with the future as horse trails were to automobiles” Kurt Yeager, President, Electric Power Research Institute eH2Fuel/ImCHP (Independent micro Combined Heat and Power) is a ‘Renewable Green’ flexible co-generation system designed to run 24/7/365. With small footprint, utilizing Stirling engine or Micro Turbine, the system simultaneously generate all the electricity, space heat/ cooling and hot water one would ever be able to use. All from only one source the hydrogen fuel, easily reaching over 90% efficiency in fuel to useful energy conversion transfer without any dangerous emissions. New business model is based on 10-year signed lease HPPA (Heat and Power Purchase Agreement). Co-generation offers the best of both worlds and is highly proven technology, adding eH2Fuel to the system makes it only better. The projections below are based on manufacturing capacity of one existing operating plant; many manufacturing plants would be needed around the world to reach the targets to eliminate emitting CO2 by 2050. Worldwide we must gradually replace all 45 000 CO2 emitting central power plants. *EU has building stock of ~160 million and some 70 - 80% are suited for CHP. (Heat and Power Purchase Agreement). Agreement for energy management bundled with carefree supply of clean heat and electricity will guarantee of minimum of 20% for residential and 25% for commercial customers providing discount/SAVINGS from grid cost, and will completely avoid any need and additional costs for space heating and cooling for the duration of the HPPA. FINANCIAL PROJECTIONS IN € EU-28 MARKET* YEAR 1 YEAR 2 YEAR 3 YEAR 4 YEAR 5 YEAR 6 10 YEARS 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2017-2026 LEASING CUSTOMERS 1,000 2,000 60,000 100,000 500,000 1,000,000 5,663,000 REVENUE 26,280,000 54,662,000 1,671,408,000 2,838,240,000 14,454,000,000 29,433,600,000 148,823,640,000 INSTALLED COST 15,000,000 30,000,000 900,000,000 1,500,000,000 7,500,000,000 15,000,000,000 84,945,000,000 NET 11,280,000 24,338,000 771,408,000 1,338,240,000 6,954,000,000 14,433,600,000 63,425,600,000 REVENUE SHARING PROVIDER/S 80% 9,024,000 19,470,000 617,126,000 1,070,592,000 5,563,200,000 11,546,880,000 51,102,912,000 CUSTOMER SAVINGS 20% 2,256,000 4,867,000 154,281,000 267,648,000 1,390,800,000 2,886,720,000 12,708,048,000 Innovating our way out of a century-old energy mar- ket dominated by fossil fuels and big utilities.

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