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ProjetoUrucuia_W1_AzizGalvao_english

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I WORKSHOP INTERNACIONAL: PESQUISA CIENTÍFICA PARA POLÍTICAS PÚBLICAS DE
GESTÃO SUSTENTÁVEL DOS RECURSOS HÍDRICOS:
Os exemplos do Nebraska, USA e do Oeste da Bahia, Brasil
AUDITÓRIO ASSEMBLEIA LEGISLATIVA - SALVADOR, BAHIA

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ProjetoUrucuia_W1_AzizGalvao_english

  1. 1. Water Governance and Irrigated Agriculture in Brazil and Western Bahia (comparing with USA and Nebraska) URUCUIA Project: AIBA, UFV, BAHIA STATE GOVERNMENT Prof. Aziz Galvão da Silva Jr. Associate Professor - Federal University of Viçosa, Brazil Visiting Scholar- Daugherty Water for Food Global Institute at the University of Nebraska, USA
  2. 2. Brazil SF river Bahia Projects Visit 1. Brazil (USA) • Agriculture • Water Management 2. São Francisco River Basin (Mississippi) • Governance Challenges 3. Bahia State (Nebraska) • Western Bahia 4. Ongoing Projects 5. Visit of the Nebraska Delegation • Discussion of Joint Projects (BA+NE) • Visit’s Agenda • Contacts and Organizations Rio de Janeiro São Paulo Salvador Brasilia Manuas Salvador Barreiras Bahia Western Bahia Content 2
  3. 3. Brazil SF river Bahia Projects Visit Comparison of key figures Brazil - (USA) (and current situation) • Country: 851.6 (983.2) M ha • Agriculture: 282.6 (407.9) M ha • Forest: 494.5 (309.8) M ha • Population: 201.5 (318.9) M • growth: 0.9 (0.7) % • GDP: 3.07 (18.37) MM USD • Per capita: 15,243 (57,591) USD • growth: 2.3 (2.1) % • Inequality: 0.47 (0.39) GINI index • Slowly recovering from a deep economic crisis • Facing political crisis (corruption) • but functioning institutions Sources: FAO, 2016; OECD, 2017 3
  4. 4. Brazil SF river Bahia Projects Visit Cultural Comparison (Hofstede’s 6 dimensions) extent to which the less powerful members of institutions and organisations within a country expect and accept that power is distributed unequally the degree of interdependence a society maintains among its members. Whether people´s self- image is defined in terms of “I” or “We”. … what motivates people, wanting to be the best (Masculine) or liking what you do (Feminine). extent to which the members of a culture feel threatened by ambiguous or unknown situations and have created beliefs and institutions that try to avoid these how every society has to maintain some links with its own past while dealing with the challenges of the present and future the extent to which people try to control their desires and impulses Source: Hofstede, 2018 4
  5. 5. Brazil SF river Bahia Projects Visit Biomes (area, % Brazil) 4,196K km2 49.3% 150K km2 1.8% 176K km2 2.1% 2,036K km2 23.9% 844K km2 9.9% 1,110K km2 13.0% ≈ Bahia 5
  6. 6. Brazil SF river Bahia Projects Visit Agriculture (Net production value USD) USA Brazil Sources: FAOSTAT, 2014; USDA, 2018 Agribusiness • % GNP: 23 (5.5) • % export: 48 (7) • % employment: 20 (11) 6
  7. 7. Brazil SF river Bahia Projects Visit Agriculture (by producer type) • Family farm • Income < 110K USD/year • PRONAF (finance) • Max land tenure • Ex, Barreiras, BA (4x65)=260ha • Predominant no-wage family labor • Predominant Income from farming activity • Medium scale • Income between 110K and 490K USD/year • Large scale • Income > 499K USD/year Source: IBGE/IICA 2014 Family farm Medium scale Large scale ≈ Bahia 7
  8. 8. Brazil SF river Bahia Projects Visit Soybean and Corn Brazil (USA) • Soybean • Area: 33.9 (33,5)M ha • Production 114.1 (117,2)M t. • Yield 3,364 (3,501) kg/ha • Operating cost 550 (420) USD/ha • Corn (1st/2nd seasons, “safra/safrinha”) • Area 1st s. 5.5M ha • Area 2nd s. 12.1M ha • Area total: 17.6 (35.1) M ha • Production 1st s. 30.5M t. • Production 2nd s. 67.4M t. • Production total: 97.8 (384,8)M t. • Yield1st s. 5,556 kg/ha • Yield2nd s. 5,553 kg/ha • Yield average 5,555 (10,960) kg/ha • Operating cost 600 (766) USD/ha Source: WWF, 2015 Source: Conab, 2018. USDA, 2017 1st season 2nd season TOTAL CORN PRODUCTION Season “safra” small Season “safrinha” 8
  9. 9. Brazil SF river Bahia Projects VisitSoybean Sources: USDA/IBGE, 2017. WWF, 2015. 9
  10. 10. Brazil SF river Bahia Projects Visit Corn (two seasons) Source: USDA/IBGE, 2017 10
  11. 11. Brazil SF river Bahia Projects Visit Water Resources Brazil (USA) • Brazil: 12% world’s fresh water • Unevenly distributed • Water withdrawal (km3/year) • By sector • Agriculture 44.9 (175.1) • Municipal 17.2 (62.1) • Industrial 12.7 (248.4) • TOTAL 74.8 (485.6) • Per capital 383 (1,543) • By source • Surface water ? (313.9) • Groundwater ? (104.9) • TOTAL 74.8 (418.7) Sources: Aquastat, 2018; ANA, 2017 WITHDRAWN CONSUMPTION RETURN 11
  12. 12. Brazil SF river Bahia Projects Visit Main River Basins (drainage area; average discharge) • Amazonas (1): • 3,800 km2; 208,457 m3/s • Tocantins-Araguaia (2) • 967 km2; 14,895 m3/s • Paraná (3) • 880 km2; 12,398 m3/s • São Francisco (4) • 640km2; 2,914 m3/s • Mississippi (5) • 2,981 km2; 16,792 m3/s 1 2 3 4 5 Source: ANA, 2017 12
  13. 13. Brazil SF river Bahia Projects Visit Aquifers (area; volume) • SAGA (1) • Amazon Aquifer System (AAS) • 437.5K km2; 162K km3 • Guarani (2) • 1,200K km2; 55K km3 • 800k km2 in Brazil; 70% • Urucuia (3) • 126K km2; 3.8K km3 • Ogallala (4) • 450K km2; 3.7K km3 1 2 3 4 Source: varied 13
  14. 14. Brazil SF river Bahia Projects VisitWater Governance • Brazilian Water Law, 1997 • Water Resources National Policy • Rivers • Federal • States • Integration surface water + groundwater • ANA National Water Agency, 2000 • Tools • Permitting system (“outorga”) • Water charge • Incentive-based (payment for environmental services) • Information Source: OECD, 2015 Stakeholders Positions by Water Law Discussion 14
  15. 15. Brazil SF river Bahia Projects Visit Water Governance (Institutional mapping) • Counsil • CNRH: Nation Water Resource Council • CERH: State Water Resource Council • Government • MMA: Ministry of Environment • State Government • Management • ANA: National Water Agency • State Management Entity • River Basin Level (Forum) • CBH: River Basin Committee • Around 200 CBH • Water Agencies Source: ANA, 2017 15 River Basin Committees
  16. 16. Brazil SF river Bahia Projects Visit Water Governance Gaps (OECD Studies on Water) • Multiple water resources plans at basin, local, state and national levels are poorly coordinate and barely put in practice because of • limited funding, capacity, monitoring and enforcement • Mismatch between • municipal, state, federal boundaries and hydrological perimeters • Silos across ministries and agencies • hamper policy coherence among water, agriculture, energy, environmental licensing, sanitation and land use • Where exist, water charges • are low and rarely ground in affordable studies • Avalabitlity of good, accessible data/information on water • varies across states • River basin committees has strong deliberative power but • limited implementation capacity Source: OECD, 2015 16
  17. 17. Brazil SF river Bahia Projects VisitInformation System • Federal Rivers • SNIRH: Nation Water Resources Information System • HidroWeb • RHN National Hidrometeorological Network • CNARH: National Registry of Water Resources Users • State Rivers • INEMA monitoring systems SNIRH 17 Nebraska
  18. 18. Brazil SF river Bahia Projects VisitIrrigated Agriculture • Area: 6,95 (26.7)M ha • Potential*: 29 to 61M ha • Abstraction: 969 (5,038) m3/s • Main crops • Sugar cane: 20% • Rice: 25% • Other : 55% • soybean, corn, bean, coffee, citrus • Methods • Flood: 25% • Center pivot: 22% • Others: 37% Rice (flood) Center pivot Fruit Sugar cane Pivot and other Diversified: sugar Diversified: sugar, coffee, … Sources: ANA, 2017 * IICA, 2015. 18
  19. 19. Brazil SF river Bahia Projects Visit • Area: 638,466 km2: 7,5% Brazil (2,981,076) km2 • Population: 14,3M inh • 503 municipalities • Precipitation: 1,003 mm • Br. 1,761 mm • Discharge • Average 2,943 (16,792) m3/s • Max 11,718 (86,791) m3/s • Min 1,480 (4,502) m3/s • Demand: 278,8 m3/s • Irrigation: 213,7 m3/s São Francisco River Basin (Mississippi River Basin) Semi-arid region 19
  20. 20. Brazil SF river Bahia Projects Visit São Francisco River Basin (importance) • Historical communication route between • Coast and western regions, • Northeast and the South • Known as “river of national unity” • “Velho Chico” • Hydropower • 10,708 MW (12% Brazil) • 4 large plants (Xingo, Paulo Afonso IV, Luiz Gonzaga e Sobradinho • Diversion project (under construction) • 700 km channels • Demand: around 120 m3/s • Tourism • Navigation • 1,312 km: Pirapora,MG-Juazeiro, BA • 208 km Piranhas, AL-Mouth • Irrigated agriculture 20
  21. 21. Brazil SF river Bahia Projects Visit São Francisco River Basin (irrigation) • Total irrigated area: 626K ha (11% Brazil) • Main regions • Juazeiro, BA e Petrolina, PE (1) • Fruit • Barreiras, BA (2) • Center Pivot: Soybean, Corn, Cotton, Coffee • Paracatu (3) • Center Pivot: Soybean, Corn, Bean, Coffee • Pirapora/Jaíba (4) • Fruit 1 2 3 4 Source: ANA, 2014 21
  22. 22. Brazil SF river Bahia Projects Visit São Francisco River Basin (problems and conflicts) • Severe drought, erosion/sedimentation • availability impact on agriculture, urban and energy sectors • Polution • Urban sewage discharge • Controversy around the SF diversion project • Ideologically biased campaign against irrigated agriculture • Agribusiness x family farm • Legal insecurity: invasion and destruction of irrigation facilities • Supported by some civil society groups “Igarashi farm invasion” “protest against the irrigated agribusiness” “no diversion” x “we want water” 22
  23. 23. Brazil SF river Bahia Projects VisitMatopiba • Latest Agriculture Frontier • Cerrado biome • Area: 73,2M ha (≈ NE+IA+KS+MO) • Maranhão • Tocantins • Piauí • Bahia • Pop: 5.9 million inh • GNP: 22,5MM USD (1,4% Brazil) • Logistic costs: • 30%-50% lower than in Mato Grosso Matopiba Source: EMBRAPA, 2017 23
  24. 24. Brazil SF river Bahia Projects Visit Bahia State (BA) (Nebraska) • Area: 565K (200K) km2 • Population: 15.2M (1.9M) inh • GDP: 50MM (89MM) USD • Per capita 3,544 (31,339) USD • Economy • Industry 49% • Service 41% • Agriculture 11% • Main cities • 1. Salvador 2,903K inh • 2. Feira de Santana 612K inh • 3. Vitória da Conquista 340K inh • ... • 12. Barreiras: 152K in • 22. Luís Eduardo Magalhães 84k Coconut (1) Goats (2) Cotton (3) 1 2 3 24
  25. 25. Brazil SF river Bahia Projects VisitBA Water Governance • Surface Water/Quantity • Federal Rivers (São Francisco) • ANA, IBAMA, CODEVASF • CBHSF São Francisco River Basin Comittee • State Rivers • INEMA (Institute of Environment and Water Resources of Bahia) • CBH Grande River Basin Committee • CBH Corrente River Basin Committee • Surface Water/Quality • Federal Rivers (São Francisco) • IBAMA • State Rivers • SIHS • Groundwater/Quantity • Groundwater/Quality Nebraska Water Governance 25 General Director Regulation Environmental Monitoring Water Biodiversity Conservation Units INEMA (main directories)
  26. 26. Brazil SF river Bahia Projects Visit Assessing Water Management Institutions (0.00: I do not agree  I strongly agree: 7.00) • Ability to influence rules: ?2.0 (2.59)* • Clearly water-use rules: ?3.5 (4.03) • Conflict resolution: ?2.5 (3.32) • Cost and benefits: ?5.0 (4.84) • Enforcement: ?2.0 (4.00) • Equity: ?2.0 (3.37) • Flexibility: ?3.0 (3.60) • Funding: ?2.0 (4.26) • Integration: ?4.0 (3.25) • Knowledge: ?4.1 (4.00) • Leadership: ?3.0 (3.49) • Local control: ?4.0 (3.73) • Monitoring: ?2.3 (4.05) • Proactive planning: ?2.0 (3.80) • Trust: ?3.0 (3.48) * Source: Babbit, 2015. A mixed-methods approach to assessing success in transitioning water management institutions: a case study of the Platte River Basin, Nebraska The figures after the question tag reflect the opinion of only one farmer answering a pre-test questionary! 26
  27. 27. Brazil SF river Bahia Projects VisitWestern Bahia • Agriculture expansion in the Cerrado region • In 70’s Development programs (PRODECER) • support by JAICA (Japanese cooperation agency) • Mainly small scale farmers from south of Brazil • Western Bahia main regions • Cerrado: large scale farming • Valleys: family farming • AIBA: Association of Farmers and Irrigators of Bahia • History • 1990: 16 farmers • 2018: > 1,300 farmers, 2.25M ha • Projects • Environment and water resources • Social responsability • Infrastructure • Plant protection 27 Restoration of water springs Bahia’s Environmental Rural Register (CEFIR)
  28. 28. Brazil SF river Bahia Projects Visit Western Bahia Agriculture Source: AIBA, 2015 CULTURE AREA (K ha) YIELD (kg/ha) PRODUCTION (K t) Soy 1,600 3,360 5,376 Cotton 260 1,209 Corn 140 9,900 1,386 Coffee 10 27 Other 400 220 Total 2,410 28
  29. 29. Brazil SF river Bahia Projects Visit Western Bahia River Basin Committees • CBH São Francisco River • 18 tributaries river basin committee • CBH Grande • 76,630 km2 • 17 municipalities • 336K inhabitants • CBH Corrente • 34,875 km2 • 13 municipalities • 196k inhabitants 29
  30. 30. Brazil SF river Bahia Projects Visit Urucuia Project: (Challenges and Drives) • Demands/concerns related to environmental issues on • world, nacional, regional and local levels • Misinformation • Very few realiable scientific projects • dealing adequately with the complex questions on sustainability • Idealogicaly biased view agricultural production • Large scale x Small scale farm • “food availability ≠ agricultural production” ! • Impact on the competitiveness of West Region of Bahia State • Hinder agricultural investments • Increase cost and risks • Waste of huge opportunity to regional development • Waste of opportunities to produce more food ! • Irresponsible as the misuse of natural resources 30
  31. 31. Brazil SF river Bahia Projects Visit Ongoing Projects (Urucuia Project) • Water sustainability in Western of Bahia: basic studies and availability assessment to irrigated agriculture • Supported by AIBA/Prodeagro • Involvement of Bahia Government Agencies • Projects • 1 Hydrological modeling of Urucuia aquifer • 2 Surface water availability in the Grande and Corrente river basins • 3 Analysis of land use change • Approved projects (still not implemented) • Environmental education • Sustainable management of family farms 31
  32. 32. Brazil SF river Bahia Projects Visit Ongoing Projects (Additional Projects) • Water, Food and Energy Security in Western of Bahia • CNPq (National Research Council) founded project • proposed by Prof. Marcos and involving the whole Urucuia Project team • Objectives • Assessment of irrigation demand • Development and test of hydroclimatic forecast models • Implement the developed systems in a web platform • Assessment of economic impact of the developed systems • Outreach and training • Pos-Doc at Water for Food Institute– Univ. Nebraska (Aziz Galvao) • Support the discussion and implementation of joint projects UFV/Aiba – DWFI/Nebraska • Research on natural resources economics and farm management • Assessment and analysis of current water resources management system in Western of Bahia. Comparative analysis with the NE system. • Model of farmers’ decision related to water use (superficial and groundwater) in Western of Bahia. Socio- economic impact of the irrigation expansion in the region. • Discussion and proposal of monitoring and management systems to Western of Bahia. 32
  33. 33. Brazil SF river Bahia Projects Visit Visit (Nebraska Delegation) • Objetives • Raising awareness on the role and importance of irrigated agriculture to water and food security • Discussion of possible joint projects (Bahia and Nebraska) • Participants • Dr. Peter McCornick. Executive Director - Daugherty Water for Food Global Institute • Mrs. Miriam McCornick. Daugherty Water for Food Global Institute • Prof. Christopher M. U. Neale. Director of Research - Daugherty Water for Food Global Institute • Prof. Nicholas Brozovic. Directorof Policy - Daugherty Water for Food Global Institute • Prof. Aziz G. Silva Jr. Visiting Scholar - Daugherty Water for Food Global Institute, Prof. UFV • Mr Jasper Fanning. General Manager – Upper Republican Natural Resources District • Mr. Jesse Bradley. Assistant Director – Nebraska Department of Natural Resources • Mrs. Bettina Bradley. Nebraska Department of Natural Resources • Mr. Jerry Stahr. Farmer – Stahr Farm York Count • Prof. Troy Gilmore. Assistant Professor - University of Nebraska-Lincoln • Prof. Daran Rudnick. Extension Specialist – University of Nebraska-Lincoln 33
  34. 34. Brazil SF river Bahia Projects VisitVisit’s Agenda • SAT, 02/24; SUN, 02/25: Informal meeting with Brazilian Delegation • MON, 02/26 • 09:00AM: Technical Workshop Presentations of Bahia water governance system • 02:00PM: I International Workshop: RESEARCH AS BASE FOR SUSTAINAIBLE WATER MANAGEMENT POLICY • TUE, 02/27 • 09:00AM: Meeting with State of Bahia Governor / Technical Meetings • 02:00PM: Technical Visit • WED, 02/28 • 09:00AM: fly Salvador (SSA) to Barreiras (BRA) • 12:30PM: Field Visit: soybean/corn/cotton irrigated farm • THU, 03/01 • 07:00AM: Field Visit: irrigation district • 01:00PM: II International Workshop: SUSTAINABLE WATER RESOURCE MANAGEMENT FOR IRRIGATED AGRICULTURE • 07:00PM: Dinner and Cultural Presentation • FRI, 03/02 • 08:00AM: Final Workshop: visit evaluation and discussion of next activities • 12:00PM: fly Barreiras (BRA) to Salvador (SSA) • SAT, 03/03; SUN 03/04: fly Salvador (SSA) to Rio (GIG) free day; fly RIO (GIG) to USA 34
  35. 35. Brazil SF river Bahia Projects Visit Worshops (Presentations’ themes) RESEARCH AS BASE FOR SUSTAINAIBLE WATER MANAGEMENT POLICY: The examples of Nebraska, USA and Western of Bahia, Brazil. (02/27) • Opening Session • DWFI (Overview): Peter McCornick • Session 1: Governance • Lessons on Groundwater Governance: Nicholas Brozovic • Water Resources Governance in Nebraska: Jesse Bradley • Natural Resource Districts and the URNRD: Jasper Fanning • Water Resources Governance in Bahia: Marcia Telles • Session 2: Research, Water Management and Irrigated Agriculture • DWFI Research for Food and Water Security: Christopher Neale • Irrigated agriculture potential in Western Bahia: Everardo Mantovani • Urucuia Project : • Modelling Groundwater: Eduardo Marques e Gerson Silva • Surface Water Assessment: Fernando Pruski • Land Use, Water-Food-Energy security: Marcos Heil SUSTAINABLE WATER RESOURCE MANAGEMENT FOR IRRIGATED AGRICULTURE: Research, Policy, Rural Extension and Farmers Participation in Nebraska, USA and Western of Bahia, Brazil. (03/01) • Opening Session • DWFI and Irrigated Agriculture: Peter McCornik • Session 1: Water Management and Irrigated Agriculture • Agriculture in Nebraska - Farmer Perspective: Jerry Stahr • Water Governance (cases studies): Nicholas Brozovic • Water Management in Nebraska (projects) : Jesse Bradley • NRD and URNRD (projects): Jasper Fanning • Session 2: Research and Extension • Research on high productivity irrigated agriculture: Christopher Neale • Applied research on hydrology, hydrogeology and CSD activities: Troy Gilmore • Agriculture and Irrigation Extension in Nebraska: Daran Rudnik • Session 3: Urucuia Project • Groundwater resources: Eduardo Marques • Surface water resources: Fernando Pruski • Land use, Water-Food-Energy security: Marcos Heil • Irrigated Agriculture for Small Scale Farming: Everardo Mantovani, Aziz Galvao e Christopher Neale 35
  36. 36. Brazil SF river Bahia Projects VisitPossible Joint Projects • Modeling and design of groundwater and surface water monitoring system for Western Bahia • Discussion and proposal of water resources governance models for Western Bahia • Considering regulatory, Incentive-based, Agency supply augmentation and protection, Education and outreach tools • Projects on family farming in the “valley” region • UFV expertise on rural extension and joint projects with Ministry of Agrarian Development, FAO, World Bank • DWFI expertise on Projects in Africa and Asia, such as CIRCLES project • International graduate course on water resources management • Experience UFV – MBA Agribusiness, Hydrology and Irrigation capacity courses • Nebraska Water Leader Academy and DWFI-UNL outreach expertise • Education initiatives 36
  37. 37. Brazil SF river Bahia Projects VisitContacts FARMERS ASSOCIATION • Mr. Celestino Zanella*: President of AIBA, Farmer • Mr. Júlio César Busato*: President of ABAPA, President of the Sectoral Chamber of Agricultural Inputs for the Ministry of Agriculture, Farmer • Mrs. Carminha Missio*: President of SPRLEM, Farmer • Mr Moises Schmidt: President of SPRB, Farmer • Mrs. Alessandra Chaves: Biologist, PhD Botanic. Director of Enviromental - AIBA • Mrs. Glaucia Araújo: Agronomist. Project Manager - AIBA • Mr. Cisino Lopes: Agronomist. Director of Water and Irrigation - AIBA RESEARCH TEAM • Prof. Everardo Mantovani*: Prof. Dept. of Agricultural Engineering, UFV, • Prof. Aziz Galvão da Silva Júnior*: Prof, Dept of Rural Economics, UFV, • Prof. Fernando Falco Pruski*: Prof. , Dept. of Agricultural Engineering, UFVCoordinator “Surface Water” Team, • Prof. Marcos Heil Costa:* Prof. Department of Agricultural Engineering,– UFV; Coordinator “Land Use” Team; • Prof. Eduardo Antônio Gomes Marques*: Prof. Department of Civil Engineering, UFV, Coordinator “Groundwater” Team, • Prof. Gerson Cardoso da Silva Júnior*: Prof. Department of Geology, UFRJ, Coordinator “Groundwater” Team, BAHIA GOVERNMENT • Governor Mr. Rui Costa. Governor of State • Secretary Mr. Victor Bonfim*: Secretary of Agriculture, Livestock, Irrigation, Fisheries and Aquaculture of the State of Bahia, Brazil. SEAGRI • Secretary Mr. José Geraldo dos Reis Santos*: Secretary of Natural Resources of the State of Bahia, Brazil - SEMA • Mr. Eduardo Salles*: State Congressman for the state of Bahia; Ex-Secretary of State for SEAGRI; • Mr. José Olímpio Rabelo de Morais*: Director of Watershed Revitalization - SIHS • Ms. Márcia C. T. de Araújo Lima*: General Director of INEMA • Mr. Eduardo Farias Topázio*: Director for Water Resources of INEMA 37
  38. 38. Brazil SF river Bahia Projects Visit Pruski Gerson José Geraldo Eduardo Topázio Everardo Eduardo Sales Victor José Olimpio Julio Zanella Carminha Marcos Márcia Eduardo Marques BRAZILIAN DELEGATION: VISIT TO NEBRASKA, APRIL 2017 Aziz 38
  39. 39. Brazil SF river Bahia Projects VisitOrganizations Farmers Organizations • AIBA: Association of Farmers and Irrigators of Bahia • ABAPA: Association of Cotton Producers of Bahia • SPRLEM: Luis Eduardo Magalhaes Farmers’ Union • SPRB: Barreiras Farmers’ Union Water Governance Organizations • ANA: National Water Agency • CODEVASF: Company for the Development of Sao Francisco and Parnaiba Valleys • CPRM: Research Company of Mineral Resources • CBHSF: Sao Francisco River Basin Committee • CBH RIO GRANDE: Rio Grande River Basin Committee • CBH RIO CORRENTE: Corrente River Basin Committee Universities • UFV: Federal Univ.of Vicosa • UFRJ: Federal Univ. of Rio de Janeiro • UFBA: Federal Univ. of Bahia • UFOB: Federal Univ. of Western of Bahia • UNEB: Bahia State Univ. Bahia Government • GOVERNADORIA BAHIA: Governorate of State of Bahia • SEAGRI: Secretary of Agriculture, Livestock, Irrigation, Fisheries and Aquaculture of Bahia • SEMA: Secretary of Environment of Bahia • INEMA: Institute of Environment and Water Resources of Bahia • SIHS: Secretary of Water Infrastructure and Sanitation 39
  40. 40. Barreiras and Salvador, Bahia 40 Not from Bahia!

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