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“CAUSES AND EFFECTS OF ABSENTEEISM”
TABLE OF CONTENT
INTRODUCTION
DISADVANTAGES
COMMON FACTORS OF BEING ABSENT
CAUSES OF ABSENTEEISM
EFFECTS OF ABSENTEEI...
INTRODUCTION
Absenteeism is a common problem in every university. According to
Merriam Webster Dictionary, absenteeism is ...
DISADVANTAGES
 Absenteeism also affects the teacher’s ability to present a class
work in a sequential and organized way. ...
 TEACHERS:
 Failure to use various teaching strategies leads to boredom.
 Difficult to place transfer students.
• Socie...
COMMON FACTORS OF BEING ABSENT
Physical Health
- Issues related to the student’s
physical and mental health appears
direc...
 Family Socio-economic Status and
Place of Residence
-Family socio-economics status
wield as significant influence
on the...
 Contributing Factors and
Consequences of Truancy
- Truancy is similar to
absenteeism, but truancy is
an unexcused absenc...
 Contributing Factors and
Consequences of Absenteeism
- Absenteeism is a period of time
when a students does not attend
s...
Transportation
- A lack of reliable
transportation is a primary
factor in chronic absenteeism
for students, as communitie...
Bullying
- Is unwanted, aggressive
behavior among school aged
children that involves a real or
perceived power imbalance....
CAUSES OF ABSENTEEISM
 Lack of interest
- students could be
lucking interest in the
study, which could be
as a result of ...
Teacher approach
- the approach used by
teachers may not be
understood by the students
and this could lead them to
lose i...
Diseases
- some diseases like
asthma which requires
attention and care as
well as an environment
that is warm and not
dus...
 School Infrastructural
Facilities
-lack of libraries, sports
facilities is a hindrance to
attendance of school
among stu...
 Entertainment –accessibility of entertainment facilities like
cinemas could divert attention of some students from
schoo...
EFFECTs OF ABSENTEEISM
 Low grades-being near that extreme of a specified range
which is lowest.
 Laziness-Lazy students...
PERSONS INVOLVED
 Students
 Professional: excluding nurses, physicians, and teachers.
 Managers / Executive
 Service W...
4 TYPES OF ABSENTEEISM
1. Authorized Absenteeism
2. Unauthorized
Absenteeism
3. Willful Absenteeism
4. Absenteeism Caused ...
TRUANCY VS CHRONIC ABSENCE
 TRUANCY VS CHRONIC
ABSENCE
TRUANCY
COUNTS ONLY
UNEXCUSED ABSENCES
EMPHASIZE
COMPLLIANCE WITH
...
Project in Educational
Technology 1
CAUSES AND EFFECTS OF ABSENTEEISM
CAUSES AND EFFECTS OF ABSENTEEISM
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CAUSES AND EFFECTS OF ABSENTEEISM

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CAUSES AND EFFECTS OF ABSENTEEISM

  1. 1. “CAUSES AND EFFECTS OF ABSENTEEISM”
  2. 2. TABLE OF CONTENT INTRODUCTION DISADVANTAGES COMMON FACTORS OF BEING ABSENT CAUSES OF ABSENTEEISM EFFECTS OF ABSENTEEISM PERSONS INVOLVED
  3. 3. INTRODUCTION Absenteeism is a common problem in every university. According to Merriam Webster Dictionary, absenteeism is a “chronic absence”. In the context of school, it is the habitual or intentional failure to attained school. While every students may miss some school activities now and then, absence becomes a problem when the student is away from school for many days. Going to school regularly is crucially important for a student’s education and social skills chronically absent students are at a disadvantage both socially and academically. They miss out on critical stages of social interaction and development with their peers. School absenteeism is an alarming problem for administrators, teachers, parents, society in general, and pupils and particular. Unaccepted absences have a negative effect on peer relationship (Malcolm, Wilson , Davidson, Kirk 2003).
  4. 4. DISADVANTAGES  Absenteeism also affects the teacher’s ability to present a class work in a sequential and organized way. This can have an effect on the progress of all the students in the class.  STUDENTS:  Harder to focus in longer classes, especially those with disabilities.  Developmental social time diminishes.  Do not learn time management time skills.
  5. 5.  TEACHERS:  Failure to use various teaching strategies leads to boredom.  Difficult to place transfer students. • Society also suffers when school age children are not in school. These children may hang out on the streets. Since they have nothing to do, they resort to petty crimes like stealing other people’s belongings and property. Others may become addicted to drugs or engage in other destructive behavior. Thus, if a student keeps away from school for too long, he may grow up to be a liability to his community and his country as a whole.
  6. 6. COMMON FACTORS OF BEING ABSENT Physical Health - Issues related to the student’s physical and mental health appears directly related to the student attendance(Kearney, 2008). Chronic health conditions are among the most significant predictors for student absenteeism. This review found that asthma is one of the leading predictors for students absenteeism (center for disease control, 2009, Kearney,2008).
  7. 7.  Family Socio-economic Status and Place of Residence -Family socio-economics status wield as significant influence on the likelihood that students will attend school regularly (Crowder and South, 2003; Henry, 2007; Reid, 2005).
  8. 8.  Contributing Factors and Consequences of Truancy - Truancy is similar to absenteeism, but truancy is an unexcused absence from school or class without parental knowledge or consent.
  9. 9.  Contributing Factors and Consequences of Absenteeism - Absenteeism is a period of time when a students does not attend school (Teasley, 2004). Student absenteeism is a problem with in school systems involving all ages and there is little evidence that attendance rates are improving (Reid, 2003).
  10. 10. Transportation - A lack of reliable transportation is a primary factor in chronic absenteeism for students, as communities have become more dependent on the family vehicle to transport children to school.
  11. 11. Bullying - Is unwanted, aggressive behavior among school aged children that involves a real or perceived power imbalance. The behavior is repeated, or has the potential to be repeated over time. Bullying includes actions such as making threats, spreading rumors, attacking someone physically or verbally, and excluding someone from a group on purpose.
  12. 12. CAUSES OF ABSENTEEISM  Lack of interest - students could be lucking interest in the study, which could be as a result of content that is difficult for them to grasp hence pushing them away from school.
  13. 13. Teacher approach - the approach used by teachers may not be understood by the students and this could lead them to lose interest in school. Punitive attendance policy place a big role in absenteeism too.
  14. 14. Diseases - some diseases like asthma which requires attention and care as well as an environment that is warm and not dusty could make students remain home.
  15. 15.  School Infrastructural Facilities -lack of libraries, sports facilities is a hindrance to attendance of school among students.
  16. 16.  Entertainment –accessibility of entertainment facilities like cinemas could divert attention of some students from school.  Pamperness from the family –students who get excessive pocket money from their families are most likely to absent themselves from school since they need time to spend the money.
  17. 17. EFFECTs OF ABSENTEEISM  Low grades-being near that extreme of a specified range which is lowest.  Laziness-Lazy students normally do not attend classes and sleep too much. In most instances, they remain in their room watching movies and listening to music.  Peers  Affect the academic performance
  18. 18. PERSONS INVOLVED  Students  Professional: excluding nurses, physicians, and teachers.  Managers / Executive  Service Workers  Clerical / Office  School Teachers  Nurses  Transportation  Manufacturing / Production  Business Owners  Installation / Repair  Construction / Mining  Physicians  Farmers / Foresters / Fishers
  19. 19. 4 TYPES OF ABSENTEEISM 1. Authorized Absenteeism 2. Unauthorized Absenteeism 3. Willful Absenteeism 4. Absenteeism Caused By Circumstances Beyond One’s Control.
  20. 20. TRUANCY VS CHRONIC ABSENCE  TRUANCY VS CHRONIC ABSENCE TRUANCY COUNTS ONLY UNEXCUSED ABSENCES EMPHASIZE COMPLLIANCE WITH SCHOOL RULES RELIES ON LEGAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE SOLUTIONS VS CHRONIC ABSENCE COUNTS ALL ABSENCES; EXCUSED, UNEXCUSED, SUSPENSIONS EMPHASIZES ACADEMIC IMPACT MISSED DAYS USES COMMUNITY BASED POSITIVE STRATEGIES
  21. 21. Project in Educational Technology 1

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