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Energy Democracy: How the deciders in the energy system are changing

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This presentation as part of the Distributed Energy Resources debate at the 2019 MIT Energy Conference, dispels myths about the relative economics of distributed and centralized renewable energy and emphasizes how the decision making structure of energy systems is already changing hands.

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Energy Democracy: How the deciders in the energy system are changing

  1. 1. E N E R G Y D E M O C R A C Y TA P P I N G I N T O T H E P O W E R F U L C O L L E C T I V E U P S I D E O F M A N Y I N D I V I D U A L A C T I O N S John Farrell, Energy Democracy Initiative Director
  2. 2. 🤚 D O E S S I Z E M AT T E R ? 🤚
  3. 3. Costofelectricity 0.0¢ 2.0¢ 4.0¢ 6.0¢ 8.0¢ 10.0¢ 12.0¢ 14.0¢ Residential ≤10 10-20 20-50 50-100 100-250 250-500 500-1000 5-10 MW 10 to 20 MW 20 to 100 MW 100 to 1,000 MW Levelized cost Delivery costs S O L A R E C O N O M I E S O F S C A L E Estimated levelized cost of electricity (plus delivery) based on reported 2015 costs* Sources: Tracking the Sun IX and Utility-Scale Solar 2015 (SunShot, Berkeley Labs); SAM (NREL); Crossborder; ILSR DOES NOT INCLUDE VALUE OF POWER USED ON-SITE kilowatts megawatts
  4. 4. Costofelectricity 0.0¢ 2.0¢ 4.0¢ 6.0¢ 8.0¢ 10.0¢ 12.0¢ 14.0¢ Residential ≤10 10-20 20-50 50-100 100-250 250-500 500-1000 5-10 MW 10 to 20 MW 20 to 100 MW 100 to 1,000 MW Levelized cost Delivery costs S O L A R E C O N O M I E S O F S C A L E Estimated levelized cost of electricity (plus delivery) based on reported 2015 costs* Sources: Tracking the Sun IX and Utility-Scale Solar 2015 (SunShot, Berkeley Labs); SAM (NREL); Crossborder; ILSR DOES NOT INCLUDE VALUE OF POWER USED ON-SITE kilowatts megawatts The price of competition (retail or market prices)
  5. 5. L O C A L I S C O S T E F F E C T I V E
  6. 6. M I N N E S O TA S M A R T E R G R I D S T U D Y
  7. 7. L O C A L L E A D S T O L A R G E S AV I N G S
  8. 8. + 1 3 G I G A WAT T S O F R O O F T O P S O L A R
  9. 9. L O C A L P R O V I D E S L O C A L B E N E F I T S
  10. 10. L O C A L S P E N D I N G VA L U E O F S O L A R Valueoflocalspendingforproject“softcosts” 0.0¢ 2.0¢ 4.0¢ 6.0¢ 8.0¢ 10.0¢ 12.0¢ 14.0¢ Residential ≤10 10-20 20-50 50-100 100-250 250-500 500-1000 5-10 MW 10 to 20 MW 20 to 100 MW 100 to 1,000 MW Sources: Crossborder; ILSR Assumes local soft costs are 25% of installed costs for residential, 6% for large commercial, and linearly distributed in between Value of local spending during project installation (20-year net present value) kilowatts megawatts
  11. 11. Costofelectricity 0.0¢ 2.0¢ 4.0¢ 6.0¢ 8.0¢ 10.0¢ 12.0¢ 14.0¢ Residential ≤10 10-20 20-50 50-100 100-250 250-500 500-1000 5-10 MW 10 to 20 MW 20 to 100 MW 100 to 1,000 MW S O L A R E C O N O M I E S O F S C A L E Estimated levelized cost of electricity (plus delivery) based on reported 2015 costs* Sources: Tracking the Sun IX and Utility-Scale Solar 2015 (SunShot, Berkeley Labs); SAM (NREL); Crossborder; ILSR DOES NOT INCLUDE VALUE OF POWER USED ON-SITE kilowatts megawatts
  12. 12. D E C E N T R A L I Z E D T E C H N O L O G Y I S D E C E N T R A L I Z I N G P O W E R A N D D E C I S I O N M A K I N G
  13. 13. 6 gigawatts of customer-sited solar in 10 years
  14. 14. 6 gigawatts of customer-sited solar in 10 years
  15. 15. 6 gigawatts of customer-sited solar in 10 years
  16. 16. 6 gigawatts of customer-sited solar in 10 years
  17. 17. D E C I D E R S A R E C H A N G I N G
  18. 18. www.ilsr.org C H A N G I N G T H E R U L E S P R O V I D I N G T O O L S 1 0 0 % R E N E WA B L E L O C A L E C O N O M Y H U M A N S C A L E L O C A L O W N E R S H I P D E M O C R AT I C A U T H O R I T Y I L L U S T R AT I N G T H E V I S I O N

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