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Measles

sub: pediatric nursing
topic: measles

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Measles

  1. 1. MEASLES Pediatric Nursing Ferdushi Akhter Junior Faculty Prime Bank Nursing Institute
  2. 2. DEFINITION Measles is an acute highly contagious viral disease caused by paramyxo virus . Classification of measles: 1. severe complication measles: when children with measles having any general danger sign (convulsion, lethargy, unconsciousness)
  3. 3. Classification 2. measles with eye or mouth complications: children with less sever measles complications such as pus draining from the eyes , non extensive mouth ulcers. 3. Measles : If children come with measles or history of measles within last 3 months, but having no complications of measles.
  4. 4. Etiology , source, transmission Etiology : Paramyxovirus Sources : respiratory secretions, blood and urine Transmission : usually by direct contact with droplets from infected person. Incubation period : incubation period 10-20days
  5. 5. Clinical features  cough  Coryza  Conjunctivitis  Fever  Koplik spot  Rash  Anorexia  Malaise
  6. 6. Complication Otitis media Pneumonia Bronchitis Convulsions
  7. 7. Nursing consideration  isolation until fifth day of rash; if hospitalized, institute respiratory precautions. Maintain bed rest Treatment and supportive care- vitamin A supplementation. Skin care: keep skin clean ; use tepid baths as necessary. Eye care: clean eyelids with warm saline solution to remove secretions or crusts.
  8. 8. PREVENTION 1 .Control source of infection; 2 .Interruption of transmissions ; 3 .Protection of the susceptible person: 3.1 . Active immunization 3.2 . Passive immunization 4. immunization measles vaccine at 9 month to 2 years
  9. 9. TTHHAANNKK YYOOUU
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sub: pediatric nursing topic: measles

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