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The Paschal
Mystery
The Paschal mystery is the
Passion, death and
Resurrection of Jesus Christ
by which he heals us from
sin and enables us to...
The Passion of Jesus
What is the Passion of Jesus Christ?
What is the Passion of Jesus Christ?
The Passion of Jesus Christ is his
sacrificial suffering and death by
crucifixion on ...
What is the Passion of Jesus Christ?
“The Son of Man will be delivered to
the chief priests and scribes, and they
will con...
The sacrificial nature of Christ’s death on the cross
brings atonement for the whole human race.
Angels catch the
precious...
What were the events of the Passion?
Scenes from the Passion of Christ by Hans Memling
What were the events of the Passion?
After his Last Supper, Jesus was arrested
in the Garden of Gethsemane outside
the wal...
What were the events of the Passion?
Jesus was scourged, crowned with
thorns and then led up to the hill of
Calvary carryi...
What were the events of the Passion?
What were the events of the Passion?
Gethsemane
The Last Supper
The carrying of the cross
Scourging
“Ecce, homo!”
Crucifix...
What is the atonement?
What is the atonement?
The word ‘atonement’ describes
Christ’s saving action well. It
implies both a repayment for our
sin...
What is the atonement?
The atonement is accomplished
through a sacrificial petition
offered by Christ to God, the
divine l...
The atonement and ourselves
The Mystic Lamb by Jan van Eyck
The Lamb of Sacrifice, abiding forever, surrounded by the inst...
WHAT THE ATONEMENT DOES FOR US
Repays our debt of guilt
“The Son of Man came ... to serve
and to give his life as a ransom...
WHAT THE ATONEMENT DOES FOR US
Gains mercy for us and
repeals our punishment
Upon him was the punishment that
made us whol...
WHAT THE ATONEMENT DOES FOR US
Defeats the claims of the
devil over us
“Now shall the ruler of this world
be cast out” (Jn...
WHAT THE ATONEMENT DOES FOR US
Reconciles us to God
In Christ God was reconciling the
world to himself (2 Cor 5:19)
The at...
WHAT THE ATONEMENT DOES FOR US
Fulfils Scripture and
salvation history
As a plan for the fullness of time, to
unite all th...
The atonement and ourselves
The atonement also teaches us the
seriousness of sin, by the bitterness of its
remedy, and man...
Summary
Questions
to reinforce
key points
Discussion
questions
Practical
activities
Presentation Part II
Summary Activitie...
Summary
Activities Menu Presentation Part II
• The Paschal mystery is the Passion, death
and Resurrection of Jesus Christ ...
Questions to reinforce key points
Fulfils Scripture and salvation history
Reconciles us to God
Defeats the claims of the d...
Discussion questions
Activities Menu Presentation Part II
• Discuss what the Passion and
death of Jesus Christ teaches us....
Practical activities
Activities Menu Presentation Part II
• Walk around the Stations of the
Cross in a church to follow th...
The Resurrection of Jesus
The Resurrection by Piero della Francesca
The Resurrection of Jesus
The Resurrection of Jesus
The triumphal nature of Jesus’ Resurrection.
Banner of victory
representing triumph
over death, ...
The descent to the dead
Christ in Limbo by Fra Angelico
The descent to the dead
The soul of Jesus descends to
the dead in the period
between his death and
Resurrection.
Scripture...
The descent to the dead
The descent to the dead
Christ descended to the dead to free
the just souls who had awaited the
coming of the Messiah.
Abr...
What is the Resurrection?
Doubting Thomas by Caravaggio
What is the Resurrection?
The Resurrection is Jesus
Christ’s bodily rising
from the dead after three
days in the tomb.
He ...
What is the Resurrection?
St Peter states that Jesus
rose physically: “[we] ate and
drank with him after he rose from
the ...
What is the Resurrection?
“Put your finger here, and see my
hands; and put out your hand,
and place it in my side; do not ...
What is the Resurrection?
MISTAKES ABOUT THE RESURRECTION
 A ghostly
resurrection
Denies that Jesus rose in
his human bod...
What is the Resurrection?
MISTAKES ABOUT THE RESURRECTION
 A ‘moral’
resurrection
Denies that Jesus lives on,
and interpr...
What is the Resurrection?
MISTAKES ABOUT THE RESURRECTION
 A mere revival
Denies that Jesus’ risen
body was glorified, an...
What is the Resurrection?
MISTAKES ABOUT THE RESURRECTION
 A failed
crucifixion
Denies that Jesus really
died, and claims...
What is the Resurrection?
If Christ has not been raised,
then our preaching is in vain and
your faith is in vain.
But in f...
The importance of the Resurrection for us
The Last Judgment by Fra Angelico
Christ’s empty tomb is depicted in the centre ...
The importance of the Resurrection for us
By his Resurrection, Jesus
Christ confirmed for us:
• that human life does not
c...
For as in Adam all die, so also in
Christ shall all be made alive. But
each in his own order: Christ the first
fruits, the...
What is the Ascension?
The Ascension of Christ by Garofalo
What is the Ascension?
The Ascension is Jesus’ physical
departure from his disciples. This
event took place after forty da...
What is the Ascension?
Jesus is now in heaven,
where he intercedes and
prepares a place for us, and
from where he shall co...
Summary
Questions
to reinforce
key points
Discussion
questions
Practical
activities
Concluding Prayer
Summary Activities I...
Summary
Activities Menu
• The soul of Jesus descended to the dead in the
period between his death and Resurrection,
freein...
Questions to reinforce key points
Human life does not cease with death
Promise of a glorified risen humanity
Validation of...
Discussion questions
Activities Menu
• Discuss how one might
respond to the claim that
Jesus’ Resurrection was
merely ‘spi...
Practical activities
Activities Menu
• Read the Compendium of
the Catechism questions
125-132.
• Read one of the passages
...
Final Prayer
From the Chaplet of Divine Mercy
You expired Jesus but the source of life gushed forth
for the whole world an...
 the paschal mystery
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the paschal mystery

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the paschal mystery

  1. 1. The Paschal Mystery
  2. 2. The Paschal mystery is the Passion, death and Resurrection of Jesus Christ by which he heals us from sin and enables us to become children of God. KEY DEFINITION The Paschal Mystery The Crucifixion by Giotto di Bondone
  3. 3. The Passion of Jesus
  4. 4. What is the Passion of Jesus Christ?
  5. 5. What is the Passion of Jesus Christ? The Passion of Jesus Christ is his sacrificial suffering and death by crucifixion on mount Calvary. Jesus told his disciples of these events before they took place. He also made it clear to them that he would suffer freely for the salvation of the world. Christ on the Cross by Velazquez
  6. 6. What is the Passion of Jesus Christ? “The Son of Man will be delivered to the chief priests and scribes, and they will condemn him to death, and deliver him to the Gentiles to be mocked and scourged and crucified, and he will be raised on the third day.” Mt 20:18-19
  7. 7. The sacrificial nature of Christ’s death on the cross brings atonement for the whole human race. Angels catch the precious blood Symbolising the sacrifice offered to the Father. St Francis and his followers represent the Christians of later ages. Mary Magdalene John Mary Centurion confesses Christ as Son of God.
  8. 8. What were the events of the Passion? Scenes from the Passion of Christ by Hans Memling
  9. 9. What were the events of the Passion? After his Last Supper, Jesus was arrested in the Garden of Gethsemane outside the walls of Jerusalem. He was tried and found guilty by the Sanhedrin and then handed over to the Roman Governor, Pontius Pilate, who had him crucified.
  10. 10. What were the events of the Passion? Jesus was scourged, crowned with thorns and then led up to the hill of Calvary carrying his cross. While being crucified, he prayed, “Father, forgive them; for they know not what they do” (Lk 23:34). As he died, he said, “It is accomplished” (Jn 19:30).
  11. 11. What were the events of the Passion?
  12. 12. What were the events of the Passion? Gethsemane The Last Supper The carrying of the cross Scourging “Ecce, homo!” Crucifixion Crowning with thornsTrial Triumphal entry Laying in the tomb
  13. 13. What is the atonement?
  14. 14. What is the atonement? The word ‘atonement’ describes Christ’s saving action well. It implies both a repayment for our sins (to atone) and a reunion of God and humanity (making at-one). You know that you were ransomed from the futile ways inherited from your fathers, not with perishable things such as silver or gold, but with the precious blood of Christ, like that of a lamb without blemish or spot. 1 Pet 1:18
  15. 15. What is the atonement? The atonement is accomplished through a sacrificial petition offered by Christ to God, the divine love of which utterly revokes the offence of all sins and bears the pain and cost of sin in itself. Only a person who was truly divine, human and innocent could make such an effective sacrifice on our behalf.
  16. 16. The atonement and ourselves The Mystic Lamb by Jan van Eyck The Lamb of Sacrifice, abiding forever, surrounded by the instruments of the Passion and the saints gathered in heaven, the fruits of the atonement.
  17. 17. WHAT THE ATONEMENT DOES FOR US Repays our debt of guilt “The Son of Man came ... to serve and to give his life as a ransom” (Mt 20:28) The atonement and ourselves
  18. 18. WHAT THE ATONEMENT DOES FOR US Gains mercy for us and repeals our punishment Upon him was the punishment that made us whole (Isa 53:5). “This is my blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many for the forgiveness of sins” (Mt 26:28). The atonement and ourselves
  19. 19. WHAT THE ATONEMENT DOES FOR US Defeats the claims of the devil over us “Now shall the ruler of this world be cast out” (Jn 12:31) deliver those ... subject to lifelong bondage ... (Heb 2:15) The atonement and ourselves
  20. 20. WHAT THE ATONEMENT DOES FOR US Reconciles us to God In Christ God was reconciling the world to himself (2 Cor 5:19) The atonement and ourselves
  21. 21. WHAT THE ATONEMENT DOES FOR US Fulfils Scripture and salvation history As a plan for the fullness of time, to unite all things in him, things in heaven and things on earth, making peace by the blood of his cross (Col 1:20) The atonement and ourselves
  22. 22. The atonement and ourselves The atonement also teaches us the seriousness of sin, by the bitterness of its remedy, and manifests the extent of God’s love for us, “God shows his love for us in that while we were yet sinners Christ died for us” (Rom 5:8). By the atonement, Jesus has also given us the supreme example of sacrificial love. “Greater love has no man than this, that a man lay down his life for his friends” (Jn 15:13).
  23. 23. Summary Questions to reinforce key points Discussion questions Practical activities Presentation Part II Summary Activities I Please select an activity or go immediately to part II of the presentation
  24. 24. Summary Activities Menu Presentation Part II • The Paschal mystery is the Passion, death and Resurrection of Jesus Christ by which He heals us from sin and enables us to become children of God. • The word ‘atonement’ describes Christ’s saving action. It implies both a repayment for our sins (to atone) and a reunion of God and humanity (making at-one). • The atonement: repays our debt of guilt; gains mercy for us and repeals our punishment; defeats the claims of the devil over us; reconciles us to God; fulfils Scripture salvation history.
  25. 25. Questions to reinforce key points Fulfils Scripture and salvation history Reconciles us to God Defeats the claims of the devil over us Repays our debt of guilt Gains mercy for us and repeals our punishment What does the atonement do for us? Activities Menu Presentation Part II 1 2 Click on a box to reveal one of the answers 3 4 5
  26. 26. Discussion questions Activities Menu Presentation Part II • Discuss what the Passion and death of Jesus Christ teaches us. • “The Son of Man came not to be served but to serve, and to give his life as a ransom for many” (Matthew 20:28). Discuss what Jesus means by this statement. Select one or more of the following:
  27. 27. Practical activities Activities Menu Presentation Part II • Walk around the Stations of the Cross in a church to follow the events of the Passion. • Select and read one of the Passion narratives from the gospels. • Spend some time in prayer before a crucifix. Select one or more of the following:
  28. 28. The Resurrection of Jesus The Resurrection by Piero della Francesca
  29. 29. The Resurrection of Jesus
  30. 30. The Resurrection of Jesus The triumphal nature of Jesus’ Resurrection. Banner of victory representing triumph over death, sin and the devil. Evergreens in contrast to the dead wood on the left show the passage from death to life. They also show the everlasting nature of the Resurrection. The wounds of Christ emphasise the enduring value of Christ’s sacrifice. Sleeping guards Represent the unbeliever who is unable to see the risen Christ.
  31. 31. The descent to the dead Christ in Limbo by Fra Angelico
  32. 32. The descent to the dead The soul of Jesus descends to the dead in the period between his death and Resurrection. Scripture refers to him “preaching to the spirits in prison” (1 Pet 3:18-20). In other words, he released those just souls who had died before his coming and opened heaven to them.
  33. 33. The descent to the dead
  34. 34. The descent to the dead Christ descended to the dead to free the just souls who had awaited the coming of the Messiah. Abraham These dead were sometimes referred to as being taken to ‘Abraham’s bosom’. Devil crushed Christ bursts open the gates of death.
  35. 35. What is the Resurrection? Doubting Thomas by Caravaggio
  36. 36. What is the Resurrection? The Resurrection is Jesus Christ’s bodily rising from the dead after three days in the tomb. He appeared to Cephas (Peter), then to the twelve. Then he appeared to more than five hundred brethren at one time, most of whom are still alive. 1 Cor 15:4-6
  37. 37. What is the Resurrection? St Peter states that Jesus rose physically: “[we] ate and drank with him after he rose from the dead” (Acts 10:41), but his glorified body had extraordinary new abilities. He appeared at different times and places at will, and his body, though glorified and transformed in appearance, still bore the wounds of the crucifixion.
  38. 38. What is the Resurrection? “Put your finger here, and see my hands; and put out your hand, and place it in my side; do not be faithless, but believing.” Thomas answered him, “My Lord and my God!” Jn 20:28
  39. 39. What is the Resurrection? MISTAKES ABOUT THE RESURRECTION  A ghostly resurrection Denies that Jesus rose in his human body, and claims that only his soul or ghost returned.
  40. 40. What is the Resurrection? MISTAKES ABOUT THE RESURRECTION  A ‘moral’ resurrection Denies that Jesus lives on, and interprets his Resurrection as a mere continuation of his message.
  41. 41. What is the Resurrection? MISTAKES ABOUT THE RESURRECTION  A mere revival Denies that Jesus’ risen body was glorified, and claims that he merely returned to his former condition.
  42. 42. What is the Resurrection? MISTAKES ABOUT THE RESURRECTION  A failed crucifixion Denies that Jesus really died, and claims that he was resuscitated or was part of an elaborate hoax.
  43. 43. What is the Resurrection? If Christ has not been raised, then our preaching is in vain and your faith is in vain. But in fact Christ has been raised from the dead, the first fruits of those who have fallen asleep. For as by a man came death, by a man has come also the resurrection of the dead. For as in Adam all die, so also in Christ shall all be made alive. 1 Cor 15:14, 20-22
  44. 44. The importance of the Resurrection for us The Last Judgment by Fra Angelico Christ’s empty tomb is depicted in the centre foreground, alongside the empty tombs of all people. This shows that we shall be raised because of Christ’s Resurrection.
  45. 45. The importance of the Resurrection for us By his Resurrection, Jesus Christ confirmed for us: • that human life does not cease with death • the promise of a glorified risen humanity • the validity of all he taught and did
  46. 46. For as in Adam all die, so also in Christ shall all be made alive. But each in his own order: Christ the first fruits, then at his coming those who belong to Christ. 1 Cor 15:22-23 The importance of the Resurrection for us He also gave the disciples the power to forgive sins, the promise of the Holy Spirit, and the great commission to preach the Gospel to all nations.
  47. 47. What is the Ascension? The Ascension of Christ by Garofalo
  48. 48. What is the Ascension? The Ascension is Jesus’ physical departure from his disciples. This event took place after forty days of appearances and teaching following his Resurrection. Scripture records him ascending to heaven, which signifies the “definitive entrance of Jesus’ humanity into God’s heavenly domain” (ccc. 665).
  49. 49. What is the Ascension? Jesus is now in heaven, where he intercedes and prepares a place for us, and from where he shall come again at the end of time.
  50. 50. Summary Questions to reinforce key points Discussion questions Practical activities Concluding Prayer Summary Activities II Please select an activity or go immediately to the concluding prayer
  51. 51. Summary Activities Menu • The soul of Jesus descended to the dead in the period between his death and Resurrection, freeing the just souls awaiting their redeemer. • The Resurrection is Jesus Christ’s bodily rising from the dead after three days in the tomb. Jesus rose physically but his glorified body also had extraordinary new abilities. • By his Resurrection, Jesus confirmed: that human life does not cease with death; the promise of a glorified risen humanity; the validity of all he taught and did. • The Ascension is the entrance of Jesus’ humanity into God’s heavenly domain. Concluding Prayer
  52. 52. Questions to reinforce key points Human life does not cease with death Promise of a glorified risen humanity Validation of all he taught and did What does Jesus confirm by his Resurrection? Activities Menu Concluding Prayer 1 2 Click on a box to reveal one of the answers 3
  53. 53. Discussion questions Activities Menu • Discuss how one might respond to the claim that Jesus’ Resurrection was merely ‘spiritual’. • St Paul says, “if Christ has not been raised, then our preaching is in vain and your faith is in vain” (1 Corinthians 15:14). Discuss what he means by this statement. Select one or more of the following: Concluding Prayer
  54. 54. Practical activities Activities Menu • Read the Compendium of the Catechism questions 125-132. • Read one of the passages about the Resurrection from the gospels. Select one or more of the following: Concluding Prayer
  55. 55. Final Prayer From the Chaplet of Divine Mercy You expired Jesus but the source of life gushed forth for the whole world and the ocean of mercy opened up for the whole world. O, fount of life, unfathomable Divine Mercy, envelop the whole world and empty yourself out upon us. Amen.

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