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Student Name: Aubrey Joyce B. Coronico
Grade & Section: IV – Love
Teacher: Mrs.. Fetalco
Andrés Bonifacio y de Castro
Andrés Bonifacio y de Castro
He was a Filipino
nationalist and revolutionary.
He is often called "the father
of the Philippine Revolution".
He was a founder and later Supremo ("supreme
leader") of the Katipunan movement which sought
the independence of thePhilippines from Spanish
colonial rule and started the Philippine
He is considered a de facto national hero of the
and is also considered by some Filipino historians
to be the first President, but officially he is not
recognized as such.
Early Life and Family Background
Born on November 30, 1863 in Tondo, Manila.
Died on May 10, 1897 (aged 33) in Maragondon,
He was the eldest child among the siblings.
His sibling were Ciriaco, Procopio, Troadio,
Esperidiona, and Maxima.
His father Santiago Bonifacio was a tailor who served
as a teniente mayor of Tondo, Manila, a local
politician and a boatman who operated a river-ferry
His mother, Catalina de Castro, was a mestiza born of
a Spanish father and a Filipino-Chinese mother who
worked at a cigarette-rolling factory.
His parents worked extremely hard to support him and
his five younger siblings, but in 1881 Catalina caught
tuberculosis (“consumption”) and died. The following
year, Santiago also became ill and passed away.
Work and Education
He studied under Guillermo Osmeña, who taught him basic arithmetic,
writing in Tagalog, and basic Spanish.
He dropped out of school when he became orphaned at the age of 14 in
order to support his siblings.
He sold canes and paper fans he made himself and made posters for
He worked as a messenger(clerk/messenger) for the local parish choir.
Later on he worked for the British trading company J.M. Fleming &
Co. as a broker or salesman for local raw materials such as tar and
He later moved to the German firm Fressell & Co., where
he worked as a bodeguero or warehouseman.
He was also a part-time actor who performed in moro-
Desspite not finishing his normal education, Bonifacio was
He read books about
• the French Revolution
• biographies of the Presidents of the United States
• contemporary Philippine penal and civil codes
and novels such as
• Victor Hugo„s Les Misérables
• Eugène Sue's Le Juif errant
• José Rizal's Noli Me Tángere and El
Aside from Tagalog and Spanish, he could speak a
little English, which he learned while working at
J.M. Fleming and Co.
He was married twice:
• First wife (1880~1890):
Monica came from the Palomar Neighborhood of Bacoor,
who died young of leprosy.
• Second wife (1893~1897):
Gregoria de Jesús (Aling Oriang) of Caloocan.
They married when Bonifacio was 29 and Gregoria was just
18, in 1893.
They had one son named Andrés who died of smallpox in
In 1892 he joined Rizal's La Liga
Filipina, an organization which called
for political reforms in Spain`s colonial
government of the Philippines.
A Philippine revolutionary society founded by
anti-Spanish Filipinos on July 7, 1892.
Kataastaasang, Kagalanggalang, Katipunan ng mga
Anak ng Bayan (KKK)
W ith his two friends Ladislao Diwa and Teodoro Plata,
he formed the first triangle of a secret society which bore
the initials K.K.K.
• Kataastaasang Kagalanggalangang Katipunan ng mga
Anak ng Bayan
• ("Highest and Most Respected Society of the Children
of the Country").
Katipunan was a secret organization until its discovery in
1896 that led to the outbreak of Philippine Revolution.
W ithin the society Bonifacio used the pseudonym May
pag-asa ("There is Hope").
For a time, Bonifacio worked with both
the Katipunan and La Liga Filipina.
From Manila, the Katipunan expanded into
several provinces, including Batangas, Laguna,
Cavite, Bulacan, Pampanga, and Nueva Ecija.
Most of its members, called Katipuneros, came
from the lower and middle classes, with many of
its local leaders being prominent figures in their
A t first exclusively male, membership was later extended to
females, with Bonifacio's wife Gregoria de Jesús as a
He was a member and eventually head of the
Katipunan Supreme Council.
He developed a strong friendship with Emilio Jacinto who
served as his adviser and confidant, as well as a member of
the Supreme Council.
He wrote several pieces for the paper, including the
poem Pag-ibig sa Tinubuang Lupà (roughly, "Love for the
homeland”) under the pseudonym Agapito Bagumbayan.
He wrote “Mga Katungkulang Gagawin ng Anak ng Z.
LL. B.” (The Decalogue)
The publication of Kalayaan in March 1896 led to a great
increase in membership.
Bonifacio, Jacinto and Pio Valenzuela collaborated on the
society's organ Kalayaan (Freedom), which had only one
The Katipunan spread throughout Luzon, to Panay in
the Visayas and even as far as Mindanao.From less than
300 members in January 1896, it had about 30,000 to
40,000 by August.
The Katipunan had three aims:
Political → it wanted to free the Philippines from Spain, by
force of arms if necessary. Its members, called Katipuneros, were
taught to make and use weapons.
Moral → teaching of good manners, hygiene, good morals, and
attacking dogmatism, religious fanaticism, and weakness of
character. The Katipunan saw all men, rich or poor, as equals.
Civic aim → the Katipuneros were taught to care for one
another in times of sickness and need. The society took care of its
sick. If a member died, the Katipunan helped to pay the cost of a
Death of Bonifacio
A party of Aguinaldo's men led by Agapito Bonzón and José
Ignacio Paua met with Bonifacio at his camp in Indang.
Unaware of the order for his arrest, Bonifacio received them
cordially. The next day, Bonzón and Paua attacked
Bonifacio's camp. Bonifacio did not fight back and ordered his
men to hold their fire, though shots were nevertheless
exchanged. In the crossfire, Bonifacio was shot in the arm,
and Paua stabbed him in the neck and was prevented from
striking further by one of Bonifacio's men, who offered to be
killed instead. A brother, Ciriaco, was shot dead, while his
other brother Procopio was beaten senseless, and his wife
Gregoria may have been raped by Bonzón.
Bonifacio's party was brought to Naic, where he
and Procopio stood trial on charges of sedition and
treason against Aguinaldo's government and
conspiracy to murder Aguinaldo. The jury was
composed entirely of Aguinaldo's men and even
Bonifacio's defence lawyer himself declared his
client's guilt. Bonifacio was barred from
confronting the state witness for the charge of
conspiracy to murder on the grounds that the latter
had been killed in battle, but after the trial the
witness was seen alive with the prosecutors.
The Bonifacio brothers were found guilty despite
insufficient evidence and recommended to be executed.
Aguinaldo commuted the sentence to deportation on 8
May 1897, but Pío del Pilar and Mariano Noriél, both
former supporters of Bonifacio, persuaded him to
withdraw the order for the sake of preserving unity. In
this they were seconded by Mamerto Natividád and
other bona fidesupporters of Aguinaldo.
The Bonifacio brothers were shot or executed on 10
May 1897 in the mountains of Maragondon and
buried in a shallow grave marked only by a few twigs
Apolinario Mabini wrote that Bonifacio's death
demoralized many rebels from Manila, Laguna and
Batangas who had come to help those in Cavite,
and caused them to quit. In other areas, some of
Bonifacio's associates like Emilio Jacinto never
subjected their military commands to Aguinaldo's
Bonifacio as a Hero
Andrés Bonifacio, along with José Rizal, is one of
only two implied national heroes of the
Bonifacio and Rizal are given the implied
recognition of being national heroes because they
both have national holidays in their
honor: Bonifacio Day on November 30, and Rizal
Day on December 30.
Monument in the
City of Manila
Notable Contributions to the World of Colonial
Bonifacio wrote poetry, and was a moro-moro actor - very typical of
Bonifacio was probably one of the greatest motivational writers and
speakers of his generation.
Using his native language, Bonifacio wrote with full passion and
Bonifacio also wrote about how the Filipinos were tortured by the
Bonifacio kept himself busy with other productive
He became a member of a Tagalog dramatic society, both as
an actor and organizer of plays.
In 1887, he and his friends established the Teatro Porvenir
and staged moro-moros in Tondo.
Bonifacio was also a freemason and a member of the Taliba
Poems and Works
Katapusang Hibik Ng Pilipinas (The Last Appeal of the
Pag-ibig Sa Tinubuang Lupa
Tapunan ng Lingap
Ang mga Cazadores
Huling Paalam ni Dr. Jose Rizal (Salin ng Mi Ultimo Adios
ni Gat Andres Bonifacio)
The Decalogue, a ten-point addressed to “sons of the country”
and how they should behave
I. Love God with all thine heart.
II. Bear always in mind that the love of God is also the
love of Country, and this, too, is love of one's fellow-men.
III. Engrave in thy heart that the true measure of honor
and happiness is to die for the freedom of thy country.
IV. All thy good wishes will be crowned with success if
thou has serenity, constancy, reason, and faith in all thy
acts and endeavor.
V. Guard the mandates and aims of the K.K.K. as thou
guardest thine honor.
VI. It is the duty of all to deliver, at the risk of their own
lives and wealth, anyone whose life is in danger because of
some noble cause.
VII. Our responsibility to ourselves and the performance of
our duties will be the example set for our countrymen to
VIII. Insofar as it is within thy power, share thy means
with the poor and the unfortunate.
IX. Diligence in the work that gives sustenance to
thee is the true basis of love -- love for thine own
self, for thine wife and children, for thine brothers
X. Punish any scoundrel and traitor and praise all
good work. Believe, likewise, that the aims of the
K.K.K. are God-given, for the will of the people is
also the will of God.