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HISTORY OF EDUCATION TECHNOLOGY ICT Applied to English Teaching Assignment # 1 By Florencia G. Braña
What is EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY <ul><li>EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY is the study and ethical practice of facilitating learning and improving performance by creating, using and managing appropriate technological processes and resources. </li></ul><ul><li>It refers to the use of technology in educational settings, whether it be elementary and secondary schools, colleges and universities, corporate training sites, or independent study at home. </li></ul>
First technologies in the classroom <ul><li>ABACUS </li></ul><ul><li>-It was only one per classroom </li></ul><ul><li>-It was used for counting and make quick calculations. </li></ul><ul><li>-First discovered in 3000 bC. </li></ul><ul><li>BLACKBOARDS </li></ul><ul><li>-James Pillans is widely credited for inventing the blackboard and colored chalk which he used to teach geography. </li></ul><ul><li>-The first blackboard was first used in the earliest 1800s. </li></ul>
<ul><li>TELEVISIONS & RADIOS </li></ul><ul><li>- In 1917 WHA begins broadcasting music education programs on the radio. </li></ul><ul><li>- Technology was first introduced to classrooms in the United States during the 1920’s when radio or “ Textbooks of the Air” broadcasting became popular. New York was the first in introducing it in the classroom. </li></ul><ul><li>- The arrival of the television set in the 1950’s.Some of the advantages were: maintaining students’ attention providing a variety of voices making broadcast possible to remote areas, taking students to places they could never resist, easier funding resources and improving standardized test scores. </li></ul>
<ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>COMPUTERS </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>- 1981 - IBM is the first mainframe manufacturer to develop a PC; drill and practice CAI gains acceptance in schools. The first educational drill and practice programs are developed for personal computers. </li></ul><ul><li>1990 - Multimedia PCs are developed; schools are using videodiscs; object-oriented multimedia authoring tools are in wide use; Simulations, educational databases and other types of CAI programs are being delivered on CD-ROM disks, many with animate on and sound. </li></ul><ul><li>Having a computer in the classroom is an asset to any teacher. With a computer in the classroom, teachers are able to demonstrate a new lesson, present new material, illustrate how to use new programs, and show new websites . </li></ul>- 1965 - Elementary and Secondary Education Act brings new money into schools for technology. Mainframes and minicomputers are put into place in some schools, but most are used for administration or for school counselling
Internet <ul><li>1997-2007 - The growth of the internet expands far faster than most predicted. It soon becomes the world's largest database of information, graphics, and streaming video making it an invaluable resource for educators; </li></ul><ul><li>Search engines such as Google and Yahoo constantly develop new ways to find information within the ever-growing number of web pages. </li></ul><ul><li>Educational software becomes more useful and interesting to students as graphics and video are incorporated. Larger computer storage capacity and the growing prevalence of CD-ROM and DVD drives in personal computers make it easier for educators to store large graphic and video and sound files for educational applications. </li></ul>
Technology TODAY <ul><li>Interactive whiteboards provides touch control of computer applications. These enhance the experience in the classroom by showing anything that can be on a computer screen. This not only aids in visual learning, but it is interactive so the students can draw, write, or manipulate images on the SmartBoard. </li></ul><ul><li>Wireless classroom microphones: Noisy classrooms are a daily occurrence, and with the help of microphones, students are able to hear their teachers clearer. Children learn better when they hear the teacher clearly. The benefit for teachers is that they no longer lose their voices at the end of the day. </li></ul>
<ul><li>Technology is and has changed society and the students we teach. </li></ul><ul><li>Technology will never replace teachers, however teachers who know how to use technology effectively to help their students connect and collaborate together online will replace those who do not. </li></ul><ul><li>Technology changes faster than educational environment, so teachers will need to accept the fact that even with all we have invested, the pace </li></ul><ul><li>of change is going to demand us to unlearn and relearn. </li></ul><ul><li>Educators must keep pace with technological </li></ul><ul><li>advances. </li></ul>If you can be replaced by a computer then you probably should be!