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Drug Abuse and its Prevention

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Drug Abuse and its Prevention

  1. 1. Drug Abuse and its Prevention By: Frenz A. Delgado Jr.
  2. 2. Objectives • Cause and effects of drug abuse • Signs and symptoms of a drug abuser • Government campaigns to prevent drug abuse • Laws on how to stop drug addiction
  3. 3. Drug abuse • Also called substance abuse. • Compulsive, excessive, and self-damaging use of habit forming drugs or substances, leading to addiction or dependence, serious psychological injury (such as damage to kidneys, liver, heart) or psychological harm (such as dysfunctional behaviour patterns, hallucinations, memory loss), or death.
  4. 4. “ ” A state, psychic or also sometimes physical, resulting from the interaction between a living organism and a drug, and characterized y behavioural and other responses that always include a compulsive desire or need to use the drug on a continues basis in order to experience its effects and/or avoid the discomfort of its absence. Drug Dependence • Is the situation or condition that a person finds himself in which he uses or abuses a drug to the point that the drug becomes the main focus of his life. Taking a drug becomes a compulsion , a necessary habit.
  5. 5. Physical Dependence • A change in the body chemistry when taken frequently in large doses over a long period of time. The human body becomes used to the presence of the drug.
  6. 6. Psychological Dependence • Some drugs don’t have a physical dependence. • The abuser is taking drugs because he is convinced in his mind that he needs the drug and it is more mental or emotional need.
  7. 7. Phases of Drug Dependence
  8. 8. Experimentation phase • A new user tries to use drug once and often produces a negative result which makes the user not to try again.
  9. 9. Occasional use • The user only uses drugs when he is with his friends so he wont be out of place.
  10. 10. Regular use • In this stage, the user is actively seeks the drug of abuse of hid choice. • He always carves for drugs. • He uses drugs often time. • Obviously, can’t live without using drug.
  11. 11. Signs & Symptoms of a drug abuser
  12. 12. Subtle & Non So-Subtle Symptoms
  13. 13. A drug abuser is.. • Secretive • Wants to be alone • Change in dress and appearance • Change in interests and activities • Losing or gaining of weight • Physically hurting people • Rebellious or offensive behaviour • Absent-minded • Avoiding the issue of drug abuse when asked about it.
  14. 14. Sure-Fire Indicators
  15. 15. A drug abuser is.. • Possession of illegal drugs in his room • Needle marks on his arms • Spending time with known drug users • Defending teen use of drugs • Suicide attempt • Repeatedly having bloodshot eyes • Puffy or droopy eyelids
  16. 16. Primary Causes & Factors to Drug Abuse
  17. 17. Family  To escape from strict parents.  Parents lack of communication with children.  Overprotective parents.  Neglected children.  Parents has no time for their children.  Children prefer to be with their peer group for they feel nobody wants them.
  18. 18. School  Lack of basic education about illegal drugs.  Teachers are not aware of personal conflicts of their student.  Teachers are not sensitive to the needs of their students.  Teachers are oftentimes concerned only with the academic achievements of the child while their personality growth id neglected.
  19. 19. Community Drugs are easily available in the community. Increasing number of pushers.
  20. 20. Media Oversensationalization of news stories on illegal drugs and drug abuse by media.
  21. 21. Biological Factors Some individuals health conditions are usually relieved with the use of drugs. With the use of a certain drug. The body energizes and works actively.
  22. 22. Psychological Factors  Low self-esteem and poor self-image.  Need for acceptance or belonging.  Feeling for more freedom and autonomy.  Escape from reality  Attention seeker
  23. 23. Parental Negligence  Over domineering parents.  Lack of parental concern and closeness.  Rejection of parents.  Sometimes, abused by parents.  Harsh physical punishment.  Childhood stress or trauma.
  24. 24. Classification of drugs
  25. 25. Marijuana • Pot • Grass • Weed • Refer • Dope
  26. 26. Inhalants • Nitrous Oxide – laughing gas, Whippets • Amyl Nitrite – Poppers, Snappers • Butyl Nitrite – Bolt, Locker room, bullet • Chlorohydrocarbon – Kerosol spray • Hydrocarbon - solvents
  27. 27. Stimulants • Cocaine – cokes, flake, white blow, nose candy • Crack or cocaine – crack, freebase rocks, rock • Amphetamine – speed, uppers, ups black pep pills, co-pilot • Methamphetamine – Crack crystal math, Methedrine, speed
  28. 28. Depressants • Barbiturates – downers, barbs, blue drills • Methaqualone – qualudes, soppers • Tranquilizers – valium, librium, equanil
  29. 29. Hallucinogens • Phencyclidine – PCP, Angel dust, loveboat • Lysergic Acid Diethylamide – LSD, acid, green or red dragon • Mescaline and Peyote – mesc, buttons, cactus • Psilocybin – magic mushroom, mushroom
  30. 30. Narcotics • Heroin – smoke, horse, brown sugar, junk, mud, Big H • Methadone – dolly, dolophine, methadose, amidone • Codeine – empirin compound with codeine • Meperidine – pethidine, demerol, marpergan • Opium – paregoric, dakers powder, parapectolin • Other narcotics – percocet, parcodon, tussiunex, fentanyl
  31. 31. Effect of Drug Abuse
  32. 32. Effects to the user • Medical and Physical Deterioration • Personality Deterioration • Mental Deterioration
  33. 33. Effects to the Family • Intense feeling of humiliation and guilt are felt by family members. • Self-esteem in generally low among the members of the family. • The spirit of togetherness or unity is broken. • Occurrence of domestic violence • Loss of money or valuables
  34. 34. Effects to the Community • Increase of petty crimes in the community (physical injuries, rape, robbery etc.) • Increase of drug dependent and drug pusher. • Fear of community residents to a drug dependent. • Neighbourhood association becomes inactive
  35. 35. Effects to Society • Increase of heinous or anti crimes. • Increase of immorality and loss of moral fibber of the society. • Downfall of social values of the country. • Limited movement of people, specially at night.
  36. 36. Effects to Law Enforcement • Corruption if some law enforcement personnel. • Ineffective application and implementation of narcotic law. • Produces bad image and credibility to the police agency. • Loss of trust, confidence and integrity among some police personnel. • Coddling of the drug dependent by the police personnel.
  37. 37. Effects to Economy • Sabotage to the economy. • Draining of huge amount of money from our country. • Aggravating the problem of poverty in a country. • Economic growth is slow. • Massive corruption of public and private officials.
  38. 38. Effects to Judiciary • Corruption of the court the one-sided criminal justice system • Corruption of some judicial personnel. • Maladministration in the dispensation of narcotic cases. • Plea bargaining and delay of instituting justice regarding drug abuse. • Recidivism on drug abuse increases. • Loss of trust, confidence and integrity of out judicial system by the general public.
  39. 39. Weapons to Combat Drug Menace
  40. 40. Responsible parents • Being a good parent can prevent a child from bad habits like using drugs and many more. A parent must know her limitations in using drugs. He should not let his child see him using drugs otherwise, child will also do it. “In the eye of a child, what parents do good or bad is always good.”
  41. 41. Drug Abuse Awareness and Education • Prevention programs provide a basis for teaching young people to develop healthy behavioural patterns that do not include drug taking. • Drug abuse education should be fully integrated into public and private, religious or secular, school curricula, with emphasis on the destructive effects of drug use.
  42. 42. Mass Media • An integral part of any success effort aimed at reducing the demand, supply, production and trafficking in illicit drugs must include and intensive public information campaign targeting people of all ages and backgrounds. Television, radio, and print media, as well as educational institutions and community groups, have joined the campaigns to promote a “drug-free” world.
  43. 43. Treatment Programs • Treatment programs like social counselling can help individual user to live without dugs.
  44. 44. { RA 9165 Comprehensive Dangerous Drugs Act of 2002
  45. 45. It is the policy of the State: safeguard the integrity of its territory & the well-being of its citizenry, particularly the youth, from the harmful effects of dangerous drugs on their physical & mental well-being, 2. to defend the same against acts or omissions detrimental to their development and preservation
  46. 46. Unlawful Acts and Penalties  Section 4. Importation of Dangerous Drugs &/or Controlled Precursors & Essential Chemicals. Offenders: Penalty: 1. Importer Life to Death + P500k-P10M 2. Importer Death + P10M using Diplomatic Passport 3. Financier, Organizer, Death + P10M Manager of Importation 4. Protector/Coddler 12y1d to 20y + P100k to P500k
  47. 47. Unlawful Acts and Penalties  Section 5. Sale, Trading, Administration, Dispensation, Delivery, Distribution & Transportation of Dangerous Drugs &/or Controlled Precursors & Essential Chemicals Maximum Penalty Imposed on: 1. Committed within 100m from a school 2. Use of minors or mentally incapacitated persons as runners, couriers & messengers, or in any other capacity 3. If the victim is a minor or mentally incapacitated 4. Dangerous drug is the proximate cause of death of victim 5. Organizer, Manages the unlawful acts, financier Protector/Coddler - 12y1d to 20y + P100k to P500k
  48. 48. Unlawful Acts and Penalties  Sec 6. Maintenance of a Den, Dive or Resort Den, Dive or Resort - A place where any dangerous drug and/or controlled precursor and essential chemical is administered, delivered, stored for illegal purposes, distributed, sold or used in any form.
  49. 49.  Sec 6. Maintenance of a Den, Dive or Resort Maintenance – Life to death + P500k – P10M fine Caters to minor clients – Death + P10M fine Financier - Death + P10M fine Protector/Coddler - 12 years 1 day – 20 years + P100k - P500k fine Client dies – Death + P1M - P15M fine * den/dive/resort shall be confiscated in favor of government Unlawful Acts and Penalties
  50. 50. Unlawful Acts and Penalties  Section 7. Employees and Visitors of a Den, Dive or Resort Imprisonment: 12y 1d - 20y + Fine: P100k - P500k (a) Any employee of a den, dive or resort, who is aware of the nature of the place as such; and (b) Any person who, not being included in the provisions of the next preceding, paragraph, is aware of the nature of the place as such and shall knowingly visit the same
  51. 51. Sec. 11 Possession of Dangerous Drugs (See Sec. 13) Life Imprisonment to Death and Fine P500k - P10M Any person, who, unless authorized by law, shall possess* any dangerous drug in the following quantities, regardless of the degree of purity: Unlawful Acts and Penalties
  52. 52.  (1) 10 grams or more of opium;  (2) 10 grams or more of morphine;  (3) 10 grams or more of heroin;  (4) 10 grams or more of cocaine or cocaine hydrochloride;  (5) 50 grams or more of methamphetamine hydrochloride or "shabu";  (6) 10 grams or more of marijuana resin or marijuana resin oil;  (7) 500 grams or more of marijuana; and  (8) 10 grams or more of other dangerous drugs Unlawful Acts and Penalties
  53. 53. Unlawful Acts and Penalties Section 12. Possession of Equipment, Instrument, Apparatus and Other Paraphernalia for Dangerous Drugs. (See Sec. 14) Imprisonment: 6 months & 1 day – 4 years Fine: P10k - P50k Any person, who, unless authorized by law, shall possess or have under his/her control any equipment, instrument, apparatus and other paraphernalia fit or intended for smoking, consuming, administering, injecting, ingesting, or introducing any dangerous drug into the body: xxx The possession of such xxx shall be prima facie evidence that the possessor has smoked, consumed, administered to himself/herself, injected, ingested or used a dangerous drug and shall be presumed to have violated Section 15 of this Act.
  54. 54. Unlawful Acts and Penalties Sec 15 Use of Dangerous Drugs A person apprehended or arrested, who is found to be positive for use of any dangerous drug, after a confirmatory test, shall be imposed a penalty of a minimum of 6 months REHABILITATION in a government center for the first offense
  55. 55. Unlawful Acts and Penalties Sec 15 Use of Dangerous Drugs If apprehended using any dangerous drug for the second time, he/she shall suffer the penalty of Imprisonment 6 years & 1 day to 12 years + Fine P50k to P200k Provided, That this Section shall not be applicable where the person tested is also found to have in his/her possession such quantity of any dangerous drug provided for under Section 11 of this Act, in which case the provisions stated therein shall apply.
  56. 56. Unlawful Acts and Penalties Sec 16. Cultivation or Culture of Plants Classified as Dangerous Drugs or are Sources Thereof Life Imprisonment to Death + Fine of P500k to P10M Any person, who shall plant, cultivate or culture marijuana, opium poppy or any other plant regardless of quantity, which is or may hereafter be classified as a dangerous drug or as a source from which any dangerous drug may be manufactured or derived
  57. 57. Thank you.