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Powers of Ten

  1. 1. Powers of Ten From the largest to the smallest objects in the Universe @oddtazz
  2. 2. Powers of Ten ➲ 100 meters = 1 meter ➲ One meter square
  3. 3. Powers of Ten ➲ 101 meters = 10 meters ➲ A day at the park
  4. 4. Powers of Ten ➲ 102 meters = 100 meters ➲ The Music Concourse
  5. 5. Powers of Ten ➲ 103 meters = 1 kilometer ➲ Golden Gate Park ➲ 1 km the distance a racing car can travel in 10 seconds
  6. 6. Powers of Ten ➲ 104 meters = 10 kilometers ➲ San Francisco ➲ 10 kms the distance a supersonic plane can travel in 10 seconds.
  7. 7. Powers of Ten ➲ 105 meters = 100 kilometers ➲ The San Francisco Bay area ➲ 100 kms the distance an orbiting satellite covers in 10 seconds.
  8. 8. Powers of Ten ➲ 106 meters = 1 megameter ➲ California
  9. 9. Powers of Ten ➲ 107 meters = 10 megameter ➲ North and Central America
  10. 10. Powers of Ten ➲ 108 meters = 100 megameter ➲ Earth
  11. 11. Powers of Ten ➲ 109 meters = 1 gigameter: Light requires 3 seconds to cross this picture. ➲ Earth and Moon
  12. 12. Powers of Ten ➲ 1010 meters = 10 gigameters ➲ Orbit of the moon within the orbit of Earth during four days in July
  13. 13. Powers of Ten ➲ 1011 meters = 100 gigameters ➲ Orbits of Venus, Earth, and Mars
  14. 14. Powers of Ten ➲ 1012 meters = 1 terameter ➲ Within the orbit of Jupiter ➲ Close to the limit of almost all satellites we have sent in space. (with 4 exceptions)
  15. 15. Powers of Ten ➲ 1013 meters = 10 terameters: Light takes ~8 hours to cross this picture. ➲ The solar system ➲ 4 satellites Pioneers 10 and 11, Voyagers 1 and 2, have passed beyond the orbit of Pluto
  16. 16. Powers of Ten ➲ 1014 meters = 100 terameters ➲ Our sun and the orbits of its planets + A few rocks
  17. 17. Powers of Ten ➲ 1015 meters = 1 petameter ➲ The most distant space probe, Voyager 1, was about 16 light- hours away from the Earth as of 2011.
  18. 18. Powers of Ten ➲ 1016 meters = 10 petameters (Approximately 1 light year) ➲ The Oort cloud is a hypothesized spherical cloud of comets
  19. 19. Powers of Ten ➲ 1017 meters = 100 petameters (~10 light years) ➲ The nearest stars Proxima Centauri and Rigil ➲ It would take us 1,00,000 years to travel this far.
  20. 20. Powers of Ten ➲ 1018 meters = 1 exameter (~100 light years) ➲ There are about 1000 stars within the 50 light years cube.
  21. 21. Powers of Ten ➲ 1019 meters = 10 exameters (~1000 light years) ➲ The stars of the Orion arm
  22. 22. Powers of Ten ➲ 1020 meters = 100 exameters (~10,000 light years) ➲ Our spiral arm
  23. 23. Powers of Ten ➲ 1021 meters = 1 zettameter (~1,00,000 light years) ➲ The Milky Way ➲ The Sun has orbited the Milky Way about 15-18 times.
  24. 24. Powers of Ten ➲ 1022 meters = 10 zettameters (~1 million light years) ➲ The Large and Small Magellanic Clouds (orbiting the Milky Way)
  25. 25. Powers of Ten ➲ 1023 meters = 100 zettameters ➲ The local galactic Group
  26. 26. Powers of Ten ➲ 1024 meters = 1 yottameter (~100 million light years)
  27. 27. Powers of Ten ➲ 1025 meters ➲ Superclusters the largest structures in the Universe
  28. 28. Powers of Ten ➲ 1026 meters = 100 yottameter s (~10 billion light years) ➲ The Visible Universe
  29. 29. Powers of Ten ➲ 100 meters = 1 meter: Light takes about 3 nanoseconds to cross this picture. ➲ One meter square
  30. 30. Powers of Ten ➲ 10-1 meters = 10 centimeters ➲ A hand
  31. 31. Powers of Ten ➲ 10-2 meters = 1 centimeter ➲ Human skin
  32. 32. Powers of Ten ➲ 10-3 meters = 1 millimeter ➲ A pore in the skin
  33. 33. Powers of Ten ➲ 10-4 meters = 100 micrometers ➲ Micro-organisms in a single pore in human skin ➲ Approx size of one pollen
  34. 34. Powers of Ten ➲ 10-5 meters = 10 micrometers ➲ A lymphocyte (white blood cell) ➲ One Bacterium
  35. 35. Powers of Ten ➲ 10-6 meters = 1 micrometer ➲ The nucleus of a cell
  36. 36. Powers of Ten ➲ 10-7 meters = 100 nanometers ➲ The size of a virus
  37. 37. Powers of Ten ➲ 10-8 meters = 10 nanometers ➲ Strands of DNA
  38. 38. Powers of Ten ➲ 10-9 meters = 1 nanometer ➲ 1 pentacene molecule
  39. 39. Powers of Ten ➲ 10-10 meters = 100 picometers (1angstrom Å) ➲ Carbon’s outer electron shell
  40. 40. Powers of Ten ➲ 10-11 meters = 10 picometers ➲ The inner electron cloud
  41. 41. Powers of Ten ➲ 10-12 meters = 1 picometer ➲ Within the electron cloud
  42. 42. Powers of Ten ➲ 10-13 meters = 100 femtometers ➲ The nucleus
  43. 43. Powers of Ten ➲ 10-14 meters = 10 femtometers ➲ The nucleus of carbon
  44. 44. Powers of Ten ➲ 10-15 meters = 1 femtometer ➲ Representation of the surface of a proton
  45. 45. Powers of Ten ➲ 10-16 meters = 100 attometers ➲ Representation of the three quarks that make up a proton ( two 'Up' and a 'Down' quark )
  46. 46. Thankyou! @oddtazz

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