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VIETNAM
WAR
THE BATTLE
OF DIEN
BIEN PHU
6
AMERICANS HELPING FRENCH
After the Japanese surrendered
to the USA, the French
attempted to recolonise
Vietnam.
The Vietna...
STRUGGLE TO CONTROL VIETNAM
By the time the French were defeated the Americans had
spent $2.5 billion supporting the Frenc...
THE END OF FRENCH OCCUPATION
Dien Bien Phu was the battle that finally ended the
French occupation of Vietnam.
After Dien ...
10,000 FRENCH SOLDIERS
For 55 days over 10,000 French soldiers tried to hold an
armed camp in the middle of a valley again...
FRENCH STRATEGY
General Henri Navarre, the French commander-in-chief in
Indochina, had a simple strategy.
He wanted to tra...
General Henri Navarre
Considered responsible for the
loss, Navarre was replaced 3
June 1954 by General Paul Ély.
He remain...
VIETNAMESE STRATEGY
General Giap (General in charge of the Viet Minh) moved
his supplies by enlisting thousands of porters...
General Giap
Võ Nguyên Giáp is considered one of the greatest military strategists of
the 20th century. Giáp had no direct...
THE LAST BATTLE
A conference was being held in Geneva in April to discuss a
possible ceasefire.
Both sides wanted to gain ...
AMERICANS
American Vice-President Nixon
wanted to launch an airstrike but
President Eisenhower wanted to
settle the matter...
THE CEASEFIRE
A ceasefire was ordered on May 7 1954. The gold star was
raised at the French base and the war was over.
The...
SOURCE A
A Viet Minh soldier speaking about the supply train.
“We had to cross mountains and jungles, marching at
night an...
SOURCE B
Diagram of the Battle of Dien Bien Phu.
SOURCE C
A Horne, ‘Dienbienphu’, History of the Twentieth
Century, Purnell, 1968.
“Dien Bien Phu might well be rated as on...
VIETNAM WAR - THE BATTLE OF DIEN BIEN PHU
VIETNAM WAR - THE BATTLE OF DIEN BIEN PHU
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VIETNAM WAR - THE BATTLE OF DIEN BIEN PHU

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VIETNAM WAR - THE BATTLE OF DIEN BIEN PHU

  1. 1. VIETNAM WAR THE BATTLE OF DIEN BIEN PHU 6
  2. 2. AMERICANS HELPING FRENCH After the Japanese surrendered to the USA, the French attempted to recolonise Vietnam. The Vietnamese had gained support from China due to the Communist Revolution in 1950. In response to this the Americans had given the French $150 million in military aid by the end of 1950.
  3. 3. STRUGGLE TO CONTROL VIETNAM By the time the French were defeated the Americans had spent $2.5 billion supporting the French and were paying for up to 80% of all costs. The Americans were now heavily involved in Vietnam. The Battle of Dien Bien Phu signaled the end of a French presence in Vietnam. The U.S.A were about to take on the struggle to control Vietnam.
  4. 4. THE END OF FRENCH OCCUPATION Dien Bien Phu was the battle that finally ended the French occupation of Vietnam. After Dien Bien Phu the Americans decided that they would need to up their involvement in Vietnam if they were to stop the spread of Communism. For 55 days over 10,000 French soldiers tried to hold an armed camp in the middle of a valley against 50,000 Viet Minh soldiers.
  5. 5. 10,000 FRENCH SOLDIERS For 55 days over 10,000 French soldiers tried to hold an armed camp in the middle of a valley against 50,000 Viet Minh soldiers.
  6. 6. FRENCH STRATEGY General Henri Navarre, the French commander-in-chief in Indochina, had a simple strategy. He wanted to trap and destroy the best Viet Minh troops by offering them the bait of an armed camp. The Viet Minh had no aircraft, no tanks and no transport fit for mountain warfare. Navarre thought they would have enough weaponry to hold off 20,000 troops. Dien Bien Phu was a village in a valley surrounded by mountains and thick jungle. The only way the French could move in supplies was by air.
  7. 7. General Henri Navarre Considered responsible for the loss, Navarre was replaced 3 June 1954 by General Paul Ély. He remained in the Army, retiring in 1956. During his prestigious career he received 1500 citations and many decorations and medals: Commander of the Légion d’honneur, Croix de guerre (War Star) 1914–1918, Croix de guerre 1939–1945, Médaille de la Résistance with rosette, Distinguished Service Cross (United States).
  8. 8. VIETNAMESE STRATEGY General Giap (General in charge of the Viet Minh) moved his supplies by enlisting thousands of porters who carried cannon on their backs and on bicycles. By January 1954 between 40-50,000 Viet Minh combat troops were looking down on the French military base. What Navarre did not know was the Viet Minh had also brought with them vastly superior artillery firepower.
  9. 9. General Giap Võ Nguyên Giáp is considered one of the greatest military strategists of the 20th century. Giáp had no direct military training and was a history teacher at a French-speaking academy. On 4 October 2013, the Communist Party of Vietnam and government official announced that Võ Nguyên Giáp had died, aged 102. He was given a state funeral on 12–13 October, and his body lay in state at the national morgue in Hanoi until his burial in his home province of Quảng Bình.
  10. 10. THE LAST BATTLE A conference was being held in Geneva in April to discuss a possible ceasefire. Both sides wanted to gain an advantage at the negotiation table by gaining a victory at Dien Bien Phu. The superior Viet Minh artillery pounded the camp and it was clear that defeat was obvious by the end of the first day. The Viet Minh built tunnels into the camp. The French expected them to launch human wave attacks which would easily be mowed down by machine gun fire.
  11. 11. AMERICANS American Vice-President Nixon wanted to launch an airstrike but President Eisenhower wanted to settle the matter in Geneva. After 55 days of fighting, almost half of the French forces were either dead or seriously injured. They were living in obscene WWI conditions. • 7,900 Viet Minh soldiers were killed and 15,000 were wounded. • 2,000 French soldiers were killed, 5,600 were wounded and 6,500 troops were taken prisoner.
  12. 12. THE CEASEFIRE A ceasefire was ordered on May 7 1954. The gold star was raised at the French base and the war was over. The French gained nothing and over a 7.5 year period had suffered 243,000 casualties, including 95,000 dead. For Ho Chi Minh and General Giap the battle was a triumph. They had beaten a colonial power but had lost approximately 1 million people during their battle with the French. They felt they were close to achieving their goal of Vietnamese independence.
  13. 13. SOURCE A A Viet Minh soldier speaking about the supply train. “We had to cross mountains and jungles, marching at night and sleeping by day to avoid enemy bombing. We sometimes slept in foxholes, or just by the trails. We each carried a rifle, ammunition and hand grenades, and our packs contained a blanket, a mosquito net and a change of clothes. We each had a week’s supply of rice which we refilled at depots along the way. We are greens and bamboo shoots that we picked in the jungle, and occasionally villages would give us a bit of meat.”
  14. 14. SOURCE B Diagram of the Battle of Dien Bien Phu.
  15. 15. SOURCE C A Horne, ‘Dienbienphu’, History of the Twentieth Century, Purnell, 1968. “Dien Bien Phu might well be rated as one of the most significant events since 1945. It demonstrated the superiority of an underdeveloped irregular force over a conventional army. Possibly in years ahead Dien Bien Phu may come to be regarded as the moment marking the end of any prospect of Western ascendency in the Far East.”

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