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  1. Major Fishing Grounds of theMajor Fishing Grounds of the WorldWorld
  2. INTRODUCTION The term ‘fishing’ refers to the landing of all types of marine and fresh water products ,of which there is a great variety . Fishing is the activity of trying to catch fish. Techniques for catching fish include hand gathering, netting,trapping,angling and spearing.netting,trapping,angling and spearing. Fish is a major item of food for a large section of the world population. Fish is the most important resource of the sea and fishing is the important activity associated with sea. Nearly 30000 species of fish are found in the world.
  3. Factors for Growth of Fishing. Physical Factors Non-Physical Factors 1. Physical Factors for Growth of Fishing There could be many physical factors involved in growth of Fishing . a) Continental Shelf is the area of seabed where large land mass is and sea is relatively shallow. Continental shelf provide a large amount of plankton and share a wideprovide a large amount of plankton and share a wide expense world wide. Continental shelf are always good fishing ground, due to abundant supply of plankton. Most of the edible fish are found in the continental shelves.
  4. b) Broken Coastal Lines can also tip the scale's in the favor of fishing industry. Coast line can be a breeding ground for fish and calm water in broken coastal line could be good in nourishment of fish. China and Russia have some coastal lines, from where a large amount of fish is fished annually. c) Turbulent Sea Water is also an important factor in growth of fishing industry and it's also quite favorable factor for growth in such a way, that it has a varieties of plant and foodgrowth in such a way, that it has a varieties of plant and food for fish, due to which a large quantity of fish is present in this area, which can tip the scale in the favor of fisher men. d) Ocean Currents are huge masses under the surface of water which moves with the movement of earth or gravitational move of sun and moon. Each ocean current move in different direction some move in clock wise and some move in anti clock wise.
  5. The place where two sea meet each other are the best fishing ground world has ever know. e)Plankton is essential for growth of fishing industry and is favorable in a immense way. It is basic and important food for fish. Plankton could be small size animal or plants drifting o on the surface of water. A place where is abundance of plankton could affect development of fishing industry big time. f) Climates another great factor in growth of fishing industry. industry big time. f) Climates another great factor in growth of fishing industry. As, we know in hot climate it's a lot difficult to live in, same is to be said for fish they usually move away from hot climate and we can found a abundance of fish in cold climate. g) Forest is also a very important factor in growth of fishing industry, as it can provide a huge abundance of food for fish. As, a matter of fact huge amount of fish can be found where their is abundance of food in water.
  6. 2.Non-Physical Factors There are many factors that can be applied for increase in fishing production. Some of them are as follow. a) Capital or investment is a very important factor for establishment of fishing industry. It's not just that, you need capital for larbour or instrument, but instead you need for everything machinery, boats and preservation systems also. b) Cheap Labour is also an essential requirement of fishing systems also. b) Cheap Labour is also an essential requirement of fishing activities. You are more likely to gain more profit and increase your production, if you have a lot of labour. And surely you can't hire a lot of expensive labour. So, availability of labour at a cheap price is essential for growth of fishing industry.
  7. c) Latest equipment is another great factor for increase in production of fishing industry. As, we all know world is progressing rapidly without an excuse. World is developing new and fastest mean of doing work, which was done a really long period of time. Your fishing industry is to develop a lot, if your industry is depending upon modern tools, technology and machinery. If you have these your industry is to grow rapidly. d) Latest ports is a really important factor in growth of fishingd) Latest ports is a really important factor in growth of fishing industry. Production must be easily available in market area, so that the raw material could be easily supplied and whole of the production is easily available to consumer. e) Modern means of transportation is another important factor in growth of a fishing industry. After fishing process it is important that you should have a mean of transportation which can quickly transport fishing goods to the Ports of the country.
  8. It is also necessary to connect the industry with market and consumer, so that it is available to the consumer. So, we can say that modern mean of transportation is essential in growth of fishing industry. f) Modern Preservatory System are also essential for growth of fishing industry. The problems people faced back in 19th and 18th century was preservation of food and fish. Now, they used to caught a lot of fish, but their transportation was not that much fast. It took a really long timetransportation was not that much fast. It took a really long time to bring it back to the port. Due to which they have to throw out most of fish, because it cannot be eaten. So, yes we can say that modern preservatory system can cause a growth in fishing industry. g)Demand it is the last factor for growth in fishing industry. Fish is enrich with vitamin, protein and mineral and it's mostly used in cold areas. If you want a growth in your fishing industry then demand is an essential part for it and can play a huge role in growth of fishing industry.
  9. CLASSIFICATION OF FISH SALT WATER FISH Spend their entire lives in the oceans and seas. It is further divided into pelagic and demersal fishes. Pelagic fishes lives at or near the surface water.Pelagic fishes lives at or near the surface water. Examples are herring, mackerel, sardines, pilchards, brisling, anchovies, menhaden and capelin. Demersal fishes are bottom living fishes. Examples are cod, halibut, hake, flatfish and tuna.
  10. FRESH WATER FISH Found in inland streams, rivers and lakes. Examples are trout, perch and carp etc… ANADROMOUS FISH Spawned in the inland rivers, but spend most of their lives in the seas and onlymost of their lives in the seas and only return to the rivers to spawn and die. Examples are salmon, chinook, humpback, sockeye, silver chum etc…
  11. COMMERCIAL FISHING Commercial fishing is the activity of catching fish and other seafood for commercial profit, mostly from wild fisheries. It provides a large quantity of food to many countries around the earth, but those who practice it as an industry must often pursue fish far into the ocean under adverse conditions.conditions. Large-scale commercial fishing is also known as industrial fishing. Commercial fishing uses many different methods to effectively catch a large variety of species including the use of pole and line, trolling with multiple lines, trawling with large nets, and traps or pots. It is largely concentrated in the oceans of the northern hemisphere.
  12. MAJOR FISHING REGIONS 1.TEMPERATE FISHING GROUNDS North West Pacific Region North East Pacific Region South East Pacific RegionSouth East Pacific Region North East Atlantic Region North West Atlantic Region 2.TROPICAL FISHING GROUNDS
  13. TEMPERATE FISHING GROUNDS NORTH WEST PACIFIC REGION This region extends from the outer Aleutian Islands in the north to the central pacific, north of the Philippine Islands. Salmon, herring, halibut, cod and king crab are the important catches. Commercial fishing is best developed in Japan because of highly organised industry with modern fishing methods.organised industry with modern fishing methods. NORTH EAST PACIFIC REGION It extends from Alaska to California along the western shores of North America. This region comprises the world’s best cod fishing ground along with herring and haddock. Salmon is the most valuable fish of this region, but tuna, halibut and sardines also important.
  14. SOUTH EAST PACIFIC REGION Off the coast of South America is known for the anchovy harvest off the coast of Peru. The northward flowing Peru current provides an ideal environment for the anchovy culture . Because it is associated with a coastal upwelling of nutrient rich colder water laden with plankton on which the anchovy feeds. NORTH EAST ATLANTIC REGIONNORTH EAST ATLANTIC REGION This region extends from Iceland to Mediterranean including the European countries especially Norway, Denmark, Spain, Iceland and the United Kingdom. Shallow waters of the north sea especially the most exploited Dogger bank are important areas where fishing is carried out all around the year.
  15. NORTH WEST ATLANTIC REGION It includes Grand bank and the Georges bank area of the north west atlantics. The convergence of the Gulf stream and the Labrador current in that region enhancesLabrador current in that region enhances productivity. The major fish is the cod, but halibut, herring, mackerel are also important.
  16. TROPICAL FISHING GROUNDS Tropical fishing is confined within tropical areas. Compared to temperate commercial fishing, tropical fishing is insignificant both in terms of quality and quantity. The major tropical fish producing countries areThe major tropical fish producing countries are China(1st), Peru(2nd), Chile(4th), Indonesia(7th), Thailand(8th), India(9th), Srilanka etc… Most of the countries are late starters in fish production.
  17. FISHING RIGHTS IN SEAS AND OCEANS All countries had an equal right to fishing in all oceans and seas outside the territorial waters of individual countries. The most important development in this regard has been the treaty drafted by the Third United Nations Law of the Sea Conference in 1982. The law of sea treaty supports the concept of territorial seaThe law of sea treaty supports the concept of territorial sea limits up to 12 nautical miles,924 nautical mile contiguous zone and a 200 nautical miles exclusive economic zone(EEZ). Many countries today subscribe to the law of sea treaty. It has led to emergence of many nationalized fishing grounds.
  18. CONCLUSION Fish are the backboned animals that are able to live in water throughout their lives. The need for conservation of fishery resources is urgent because of the problemsresources is urgent because of the problems of over fishing. Now a days, a large number of fish are destroyed by human activities. So it is very important for the effective fish management.