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Military Energy andour National Energy PolicyJoseph Kopser1We can do better
Threats to Energy2
Problem StatementBLUF: We can’t continue business as usual with regard to how energy is employedon the battlefield.• “Energy-state relationships intersect geopolitical concerns as state-run companies willcontrol an increasing share of the world’s hydrocarbon resources…” (NMS 2011)• Energy costs have risen over 300% since 2000 $10 increase per Bbl = $1.2B cost to DoD EIA 2011 oil ref. case projects $118/Bbl (2009 $) by 2025• bulk liquid (water/fuel ) comprises ~ 70-80% of ground resupply• ~ 1 casualty per 24 to 50 OEF fuel/water convoys• Proliferation in powered devices drives average Soldier load to~ 5 lb of assorted batteries per day of dismounted patrol• Increases in vehicle weights increase fuel consumption, reduce range“Without energy, the Army stands still and silent”--GEN Peter Chiarelli, VCSA, Army - Air Force Energy Forum, 20 July 20113What is it?:The energy and associated systems, information and processesrequired to train, move, and sustain forces and systems for militaryoperations.Operational Energy Initial Capabilities Document (ICD), draft version 1.4, 29 July 2011
OPERATIONAL ENERGYNET ZERO STRATEGYPower and Energy4“Grand Challenges”• Give soldiers and leaders capability to manage energy status, resources, performance• Significantly reduce energy footprint• Provide flexibility and resiliency by developing alternatives and adaptable capabilitiesSoldierBasing VehiclesInstallation Tactical Non TacticalContingency
Why Should the DOD be a participant?• The DOD is budgeting $1.6 billion forinitiatives that will improve energy use and$9 billion in energy-security investments forthe department across the next 5 years• These initiatives compare with $16.3 billionthe department has budgeted for petroleumfor military operations in 2013.5
Energy Security Priorities6President Barack ObamaRecent comments 25-26 JAN 12"I will not cede the wind or solar or battery industry to China orGermany because we refuse to make the samecommitment here."“The Defense Department isnt embracing clean energy justbecause it feels good. Our military isnt leading on this issuejust because its the right thing to do for our climate. Theyredoing it because its important to our national security."
Energy Security Priorities7Secretary of Defense Leon Ponetta31 JAN 12"Its essential that we continue to developinnovative energy solutions to advance ourmilitary missions and use our precious resourceswisely. The Department is taking the lead onthis because saving energy on the battlefieldmeans saving lives and money.”
Energy Security Priorities8
Why Texas?• Central Texas is home to UT-Austin, UTSA, and Texas A&M– 3 leaders inEnergy R&D• The region sits in the middle of our country’slargest collection of oil, naturalgas, wind, and solar energy resources.• Each year the DOD spends millions on R&Dhere on campus in some pretty amazingresearch programs that help our Soldiers onthe battlefield and our Veterans when theyreturn.• Austin is the Capital of Texas and home tothe Texas Army and Air National Guard.• In the last 12 years of war, the Texas ArmyNational Guard has deployed more Soldiersthan any other state.• In a 100 mile radius, Austin is in the middlebetween:– Fort Hood– Fort Sam Houston– Camp Mabry– Lackland AFB– Randolph Air Force Base.9
Examples of Texas in the Lead10