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Marine Governance in an Industrialised Ocean: a case study of the UK's emerging marine renewable energy industry

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Marine Governance in an Industrialised Ocean: a case study of the UK's emerging marine renewable energy industry

  1. 1. Marine Governance in an Industrialised Ocean A case study of the UK’s emerging Marine Renewable Energy industry Glen Wright Australian National University College of Law www.GlenWright.net PhD presentation 11 November 2014
  2. 2. Overview  Context  NZ Kaipara Harbour project – a story  Marine governance  Policy context – ‘Blue Growth’  Research question  Marine Renewable Energy  Research  Aims  Questions  Approach  Findings  Publications  Published papers  Current projects
  3. 3. Marine Governance  Rights and ownership (seabed leasing/tenure)  Resource management (managing access to marine resources)  Environmental interactions (sustainable development of resources)  Managing ocean space (conflicts between users)
  4. 4. The ‘Blue Growth’ agenda "harness the untapped potential of Europe's oceans, seas and coasts for jobs and growth... whilst safeguarding biodiversity and protecting the marine environment" (EU)
  5. 5. How can evolving marine governance frameworks support development of innovative new marine industries, while also protecting an increasingly fragile and crowded marine environment?
  6. 6. Marine Renewable Energy  Offshore wind  Wave and tidal  Full-scale prototype devices and testing  Commercial projects, e.g.:  Meygen - 86 x 1MW, 1.1km2  Pelamis - 15-20 devices, 1km2
  7. 7. Why marine renewables as a case study of modern marine governance?  At the intersection of a number of discourses  Renewable energy/climate mitigation  Innovation/technology & law/regulation  Marine governance/ocean industrialisation  Challenges all aspects of marine governance  Requires exclusive use of large areas - conflicts  Limited resource, competition over access  Uncertain environmental impacts
  8. 8. Research Aims  Advance marine governance  Exploring key issues as they apply in practice  Providing a framework for assessing national marine governance reform efforts  Advance the MRE industry  Assessing the UK as a leading jurisdiction  Detailing & disseminating good practice  Contributing to the growing social sciences literature  Feed into ongoing policy processes, particularly in EU
  9. 9. Rights & Ownership  Rights = the basis for projects  'Enclosure' of marine space  ‘Privatisation’ of the marine environment  Public vs. private rights  Rights of public, communities, indigenous people
  10. 10. Resource management  Who can access the resources?  Under what conditions?  What is the process for distributing these rights?  1. Underlying principles  2. A sound process
  11. 11. Environmental interactions  Encourage innovation, protect the marine environment  Precaution vs. Risk/Uncertainty  “marine energy attracts a depth of scrutiny from environmental regulators and statutory nature conservation bodies that more established marine industries such as fishing and shipping have managed to escape.” (Merry 2014)  Rochdale Envelope  Deploy & Monitor  Adaptive Management
  12. 12. Managing ocean space  Marine Spatial Planning vs. ocean zoning  What is the role of planning tools?  What role do emerging industries play?
  13. 13. Approach to Research  Desktop research – application of existing literature to MRE context/using MRE to consider governance issues  Primary research – interviews with MRE developers  Participation in ongoing processes  Marine Scotland MSP workshops  ISSMER  DG-MARE MSP project  PhD ‘by publication’  Outline paper  Paper on each theme  Publication of primary research findings
  14. 14. Published papers  ‘Ocean energy: a legal perspective’ (2013) 8(1) Journal of Ocean Technology  ‘Marine governance in an industrialised ocean: A case study of the emerging marine renewable energy industry’ (2014) Marine Policy (in press)  Rights and Ownership in Sea Country: a case study of marine renewable energy development in indigenous and island communities’ (2014) Marine Policy (collaborative paper, in press)  ‘Regulating the Marine Renewable Energy Industry: a preliminary assessment of UK permitting processes’ (2014) 32(1) Journal of Underwater Technology  ‘Strengthening the Role of Science in Marine Governance through Environmental Impact Assessment: a case study of the marine renewable energy industry’ (2014) 99 Journal of Ocean and Coastal Management  'The Rochdale Envelope Approach to Environmental Impact Assessment: A review of use and challenges in the context of renewable energy project development’ (under review)  ‘A tidal power project’ (2011) New Zealand Law Journal
  15. 15. In progress  A legal research agenda for MRE – collaborative paper with 8 international researchers  Publication of interview results  ‘Sustainably advancing the Blue Economy: EIA of Marine Renewable Energy projects in the UK’ (invited book chapter, in progress)
  16. 16. Thank you!

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