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Glyn Moody - open question

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Talk given at OpenForum Europe 2011

The power and potential of openness becomes more evident every day. The (open) Internet, open source, open content, open data and open standards are all becoming more central to modern life.

But against that background of success, it is easy to take openness for granted. This talk will examine the main threats to openness, and suggest ways they can be mitigated.

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Glyn Moody - open question

  1. 1. an open question <ul>glyn moody </ul>
  2. 2. the power of open <ul><li>open Internet
  3. 3. open source
  4. 4. open content
  5. 5. open data
  6. 6. open standards </li></ul>
  7. 7. open Internet <ul><li>email
  8. 8. Web
  9. 9. Flickr
  10. 10. podcasts
  11. 11. YouTube
  12. 12. Skype </li></ul>
  13. 13. open source <ul><li>the Internet </li><ul><li>BIND, Sendmail, Apache, Firefox
  14. 14. championed open standards </li></ul><li>Linux </li><ul><li>Google, Facebook, Twitter
  15. 15. Android (600,000 activations/day)
  16. 16. 91% of top 500 supercomputers </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. open content <ul><li>Project Gutenberg </li><ul><li>36,000 ebooks </li></ul><li>Wikipedia </li><ul><li>19 million articles </li></ul><li>Flickr </li><ul><li>5 billion pictures (2010) </li></ul><li>YouTube </li><ul><li>8 years of video content uploaded every day </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. open data <ul><li>Human Genome Project </li><ul><li>produced US$800 billion of economic output </li></ul><li>OpenStreetMap </li><ul><li>still early days
  19. 19. EU spent €9.5bn on gathering public sector data, and collected €68bn selling and licensing it (closed)
  20. 20. US spent €19bn and realised €750bn (open) </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. open standards <ul><li>creates level playing-field for procurement
  22. 22. prevents lock-in
  23. 23. crucial for open source </li></ul>
  24. 24. open Internet <ul><li>key feature: don't need permission to innovate
  25. 25. key threat: loss of Net neutrality
  26. 26. key action: new anti-discrimination law for ISPs, mandating equality for Internet packets unless requested and paid for by customer </li></ul>
  27. 27. open source <ul><li>key feature: ability freely to re-use and build on existing code
  28. 28. key threat: software patents
  29. 29. key action: clarify that software is not patentable in *any* circumstances, even when there is a ”technical effect” </li></ul>
  30. 30. open content <ul><li>key feature: ability to freely re-use and build on existing works
  31. 31. key threat: chilling effect of Draconian copyright enforcement (Website blocking, criminalisation, ACTA etc.)
  32. 32. key action: repeal/abandon disproportionate measures (HADOPI, Digital Economy Act, ACTA) </li></ul>
  33. 33. open data <ul><li>key feature: ability freely to aggregate existing datasets
  34. 34. key threat: European database ”sui generis” right
  35. 35. key action: repeal European database legislation (Directive No. 96/9/EC) </li><ul><li>NB 1995 EC study </li></ul></ul>
  36. 36. open standards <ul><li>key feature: creates a level playing field
  37. 37. key threat: ”pseudo-open” standards that employ Fair, Reasonable and Non-Discriminatory, (FRAND) licensing
  38. 38. key action: ensure all open standards are strictly Restriction/Royalty-Free (RF); revert to EIF 1.0 wording </li></ul>
  39. 39. closing down openness <ul><li>openness and sharing have ancient roots - commons
  40. 40. openness 2.0 is very young – began in 1970s and 80s with Project Gutenberg and GNU
  41. 41. despite – *because* – of its huge successes, under attack
  42. 42. much easier to close down something open than to open something closed </li></ul>
  43. 43. open question <ul>[email_address] @glynmoody on </ul>