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How to use a dictionary

How to use a dictionary

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How to use a dictionary

  1. 1. A dictionary gives you the following information about a word:  How to spell the word  Pronunciation  The part of speech of a word  Different meanings that the word has, as well as synonyms (same meaning) and antonyms (opposite meaning)  A sentence or expression with the word used correctly  The special uses of the word
  2. 2. English – Spanish dictionary page acrobat [‘aekrəbaet] n acróbata mf across [ə´krɒs, Am: ə´krɑ:s] I. prep 1. (on other side of ) al otro lado de; just ~ the street justo al otro lado de la calle; ~ from enfrente de 2. (from one side to other ) a través de; to walk ~ the bridge cruzar el puente andando; to go ~ the sea to France ir a Francia cruzando el mar II. adv de un lado a otro; to run/ swim ~ cruzar corriendo/a nado; to be 2m ~ tener 2 m de ancho act [aekt] I.n 1. (action ) acto m; to catch sb in the ~ coger a alguien con las manos en la masa 2. (performance) número m; to get one’s ~ together fig arreglárselas 3. (pretence) fingimiento m 4. THEAT acto m 5. LAW ley f II. vi 1. (take action ) actuar; to ~ for sb representar a alguien 2. (take effect ) dar resultados 3. THEAT actuar act on vt obrar de acuerdo con act out vt representar act up vi inf hacer de las suyas Meaning in Spanish Pronunciation. Use phonetic symbols Words are arranged in alphabetical order. Example sentences Part of speech Phrasal verbs Gender. Male or female Meanings according to the context
  3. 3. English dictionary page b) a) f) . d) e) c) g) h) __ Synonym to the headword __ Headword / Entry __ Word related to the headword. __ Pronunciation of the word __ Grammar of the word __ Example of how to use a word __ Detailed definition of a word __ Part of speech
  4. 4. HEADWORDS: A headword is the word you look up and all the information about it. Words are arranged in alphabetical order. American Spelling Words with acrobat [‘aekrəbaet] n acróbata mf across [ə´krɒs, Am: ə´krɑ:s] I. prep 1. (on other side of ) al otro lado de; just ~ the street justo al otro lado de la calle; ~ from enfrente de 2. (from one side to other ) a través de; to walk ~ the bridge cruzar el puente andando; to go ~ the sea to France ir a Francia cruzando el mar II. adv de un lado a otro; to run/ swim ~ cruzar corriendo/a nado; to be 2m ~ tener 2 m de ancho act [aekt] I.n 1. (action ) acto m; to catch sb in the ~ coger a alguien con las manos en la masa 2. (performance) número m; to get one’s ~ together fig arreglárselas 3. (pretence) fingimiento m 4. THEAT acto m 5. LAW ley f II. vi 1. (take action ) actuar; to ~ for sb representar a alguien 2. (take effect ) dar resultados 3. THEAT actuar the same meaning are given centre (US center) /’sentə(r); ‘sɛntɚ/ n 1[C] point that is equally distant from all sides of sth; middle point or part of sth : the centre of a circle. discontent /dɪskən’tent; dɪskən’tɛnt/ (also discontentment) n [U]…
  5. 5. PRONUNCIATION OF THE WORD: Uses phonetic simbols British English pronunciation American English pronunciation beauty / ‘bju:tɪ; ‘bjutɪ/ n 1[U] combination of qualities that give pleasure to the senses (esp to the eye or ear) or to the mind : the beauty of the sunset, of her singing, of poetry.
  6. 6. PART OF SPEECH OF A WORD: Parts of speech are shown with abbreviations: adj for adjectives prep for prepositions adv for adverbs pron for pronouns conj for conjunctions v for verbs interj for interjections n for nouns
  7. 7. GRAMMAR OF THE WORD: It is shown in square brackets [ ] : [C]: countable noun [U]: uncountable noun method / ‘meθəd; ‘mɛθəd/ n 1 [C] way (of doing sth) :modern methods of teaching arithmetic. marrow / ‘mætəʊ; ‘mæro/ n 1 [U] soft fatty substance that fills the hollow parts of human and animal bones
  8. 8. GRAMMAR OF THE WORD: [Sing]: singular [Pl]: plural man /mɑən/ n [C ] [pl men /mən/] 1. an adult male human. * an ambitious man. 2. people in general ……… comparative and superlative ~es means the plural of tomato tomato + es = tomatoes. New /nu:/ (also not used) adj [-er /-est only] not previously used or owned…….. tomato /təmɑ:təʊ/ n [pl ~es] ...
  9. 9. GRAMMAR OF THE WORD: Irregular forms of verbs: [ pt ]: past tense [ pp]: past participle draw / drɔ: ; drɔ/ v [ pt drew /dru: ; dru/, pp drawn /drɔ:n; drɔn/ ] 1 make (pictures or a picture of sth) with a pencil, etc.You draw beautifully. 。She drew a house. ……… Regular forms of verbs (transitive or intransitive play / pleI / I. n 1. no pl (recreation) juego m; foul ~ juego sucio. 2. THEAT obra f de teatro. II. vi 1. jugar: to ~ fair jugar limpio ……………
  10. 10. MEANING(S): There are numbers 1, 2, 3 to show different definitions of a word or vignettes. Usually there is an example to illustrate the meaning. Different definitions of the word mouse / maʊs; maus/ n [C] 1 a very small animal with fur and a long thin tail :a house mouse 。a field mouse 。2 a piece of equipment, connected to a computer, for moving around the screen and entering commands without touching the keys . Examples to illustrate the meaning. Usually
  11. 11. Different meanings according to the context act [aekt] I.n 1. (action) acto m; to catch sb in the ~ coger a alguien con las manos en la masa 2. (performance) número m; to get one’s ~ together fig arreglárselas 3. (pretence) fingimiento m 4. THEATRE acto m 5. LAW ley f II. vi 1. (take action ) actuar; to ~ for sb representar a alguien 2. (take effect ) dar resultados 3. THEATRE actuar act on vt obrar de acuerdo con act out vt representar act up vi inf hacer de las suyas

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