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French revolution

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French revolution

  1. 1. The French Revolution.
  2. 2. The Seigniorial System.  Feudal method of land ownership and organization  Peasant labor Receivinga seigniorialgrant
  3. 3. Louis IXV •Ruled from 1643–1715 •Reduced the power of the nobility •Fought four wars •Greatly increased France’s national debt
  4. 4. A SevenYear’sWar. Louis XV. •Louis XV •War fought inEurope,India, NorthAmerica •France ends uplosingsome of its colonial possessions •Increases French national debt French and English troops fight at the battle of Fort St. Philip on the island of Minorca
  5. 5. The Enlightenment. John Locke. Jean-Jacques Rousseau •New ideas about society and governme nt •The social
  6. 6. The Estates General.
  7. 7. 1. The ThirdEstate took action and established its own government 2. On June17, 1789, the National Assembly was formed
  8. 8. Confrontation With the King. Artist Jacques Louis David’s depiction of the Tennis Court Oath. Louis XVI ordered the Third Estate locked out of the National Assembly’s meeting hall The Tennis Court Oath The king reverses his position
  9. 9. Storming of the Bastille Rioting in Paris in early July Firing of Necker July 14th: a mob storms and takes the Bastille
  10. 10. The Great Fear. Rebellion spreads Peasants destroy the countryside End of feudal privileges
  11. 11. The Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen. Adopted by National Assembly on August 27th Enlightenment ideals Outlined basic freedoms held by all Asserted the sovereignty of the people “Liberté, Egalité, Fraternité”
  12. 12. {TheMarch of Women.} Lowerclasses still unsatisfied Thousands of starving women andpeasants march onVersailles Louis forcedto return to Paris
  13. 13. Civil Constitution of the Clergy. Cartoon depicting the confiscation of Church lands. Financial crisis National Assembly confiscates and sells off church lands Church also secularized, reorganized Clergy oath of loyalty
  14. 14. {Flight of the King.} Émigrés Louis XVI and his family attempted to flee France They were arrested at Varennes The capture of Louis XVI at Varennes
  15. 15. Reaction From Other Countries Declaration of Pillnitz Possible foreign intervention Illustration depicting Prussian King Frederick William III, Austrian Emperor Leopold II, and the Comte d’Artois, Louis XVI’s brother
  16. 16. New Constitution. Painting depicting the 1791 constitution Constitution al monarchy New Legislative Assembly Sans-culottes
  17. 17. War With Austria. Painting of the Battle of Valmy, 1792 Francedeclares war War of the First Coalition Leveeenmasse
  18. 18. The Radicals Take Over. Paris crowds storm the Tuileries. Paris mob stormed Tuileries Louis and family seekaid of Legislative Assembly Arrested and deposed
  19. 19. The National Convention. A Jacobin club First met on September 21, 1792 RevolutionaryCalendar Monarchyabolished; France officiallybecomes a republic Factions: Jacobins vs. Girondins
  20. 20. Leaders in the National Convention. Jean-Paul Maarat Georges Danton
  21. 21. Robespierre. Lawyer Radical Jacobin Most controversial figure of the French Revolution
  22. 22. Execution of the King. On January 17, 1793, Louis XVI was convicted of treason He wentto the guillotinefour days later on January21, 1793
  23. 23. The Committee of Public Safety. A citizen petitions the Committee of Public Safety Created to cease an internal rebellion in a1793 Given dictatorial power
  24. 24. The Reign of Terror. July 1793–July 1794 Executions Death of Robespierre The execution of Marie Antoinette
  25. 25. The Thermidorean Reaction. Robespierre overthrown on 9 Thermion Committee of Public Safety dismantled Jacobin clubs disbanded New constitution adopted in
  26. 26. The Directory. Cartoon depicting the errors and bad judgment of the Directory Promoted middle class interests Financialcrisis Food shortages Riots inParis Rise of Napoleon
  27. 27. Napoleon Bonaparte. Popularity rises after victories over the Austrians Conflict withBritain 1799 Coupd'état The Consulate
  28. 28. Napoleon Becomes Emperor. 1804: Napoleon crowns himself emperor