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Why electric 2015

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Why electric 2015

  1. 1. Why Electric ?
  2. 2. Electric Vehicle Myths Electric Vehicles: - are a passing fad - need new batteries every few years - will bring down the power grid - have the same net carbon emissions - have a higher life cycle cost - catch fire and explode 2
  3. 3. Electric Vehicle Advantages - environmental benefits - no emissions - low operating cost - typically 15% of the cost - no oil changes - 98 % fewer moving parts - virtually no brake pad replacements - expected twice the useful life of ICE vehicles - anti “big oil” ICE = Internal Combustion Engine 3
  4. 4. Electric Vehicle Operating Cost Current Fuel Expense (at $1.35/litre) Fuel Cost/litres X 235.215 Average miles per gallon = $Cost/100 km Electric “Fuel” Expense (at 0.11/kw-hr) Nissan Leaf = $1.65 / 100 km Tesla Model S = $2.50 / 100 km $1.35 X 235.215 28.6 miles per gallon = $11.10 /100 km Example Honda Civic 2.4L Kw-hr per 100 km X Hydro Cost 15kw-hr / 100 km X 11 cents/kw-hr Plus oil changes 4
  5. 5. Table Look Up Method Example: A vehicle getting 25 mpg with a fuel cost of $1.30 /litre would have a fuel cost of $ 12.23 per 100 km 5 Electric Vehicle Operating Cost
  6. 6. Internal Combustion Engine - 20% efficient 80% of energy input is lost to heat and friction Pistons, valves Camshafts Pumps for oil, water, fuel Alternator Belts, pulleys, gears Exhaust, mufflers Catalytic converter Over 200 moving parts 6
  7. 7. Electric Motor - 80% efficient Only 20% of energy input is lost to heat and friction Brushless electric motor Reduction gears only No transmission Only 3 moving parts 7
  8. 8. Nissan Leaf Powertrain – Generation 2 (2013+) Motor AC/DC Inverter Battery Front of Vehicle 8
  9. 9. Tesla Model S Powertrain Front of VehicleMotor AC/DC Inverter Battery 9
  10. 10. The Generation 2 Leaf Electric Power Assembly Power Delivery Module (PDM) (no moving parts) Inverter – converts AC to DC (no moving parts) Electric Drive (motor) Reduction drive (gears) 10
  11. 11. The Generation 2 Leaf (2013 +) Driver’s Display 11
  12. 12. 12 Current BEV alternatives – Canada (1Q 2015) BMW i3 Mitsubishi i-MiEv Chevy Spark EV Ford Focus e Smart ForTwoNissan Leaf Tesla Model SMercedes B Class ED Kia Soul EV
  13. 13. Source: WWF website 13
  14. 14. Source: California PEV Owner Survey 2013 14
  15. 15. Source: California PEV Owner Survey 2013 15
  16. 16. 16 BEV sales are increasing exponentially and are tracking total PEV sales PEV – Plug in Electric Vehicle BEV Sales
  17. 17. 17 Summary Electrically-driven vehicles : - are proven technology - are great for the environment - are inexpensive to operate - are 80% efficient - have equivalent or better features - have good range - are available from many car companies - are gaining market share

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