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DRAW A LINE SEPARATING TODAY & YESTERDAY 1) Write: Date: 01/18/10 , Topic: Russian Revolution 2) Next line, write “ Opener #9 ” and then: 1) Write 1 high + 1 low in last 24 hours 2) Rate your understanding of yesterday: lost < 1-5 > too easy (3 is perfect) 3) Respond to the Opener by writing at least 1 sentences about : Your opinions/thoughts OR/AND Questions sparked by the clip OR/AND Summary of the clip OR/AND Announcements: None
Agenda 1) Russian Revolution 2) Stalin Introduction Why am I learning this? 1) Why was Communism a threat? Reminder 1) Find & complete your 4 news pods
Focusing and Awareness Practice 1) Breath in, hold, exhale 2) Stop, notice yourself head to toe 3) Close eyes, listen to your thoughts 4) Open your eyes, notice around you
Team Quiz (10 Points) Discuss the following questions with your group. Make sure everyone understands how to answer it. Once the quiz paper is passed out, everyone individually writes their own responses. No talking once we start writing. 1 paper will be graded from each group ( 10 points ). Prepare now. Ask Mr. Chiang only if no one in your team knows. When writing, use sentences! 1) A 2) A 3) A 4) A Bonus Q X) 5 Reading/Film Qs Come From These Journal Sections
Review 1) Capitalism : Resources are privately owned. 2) Socialism : Some resources are privately owned, some is owned by the gov (supported by taxes) 3) Communism : All resources are owned by the ppl (community land controlled by gov) 4) Karl Marx(1818-1883) : In Communist Manifesto and Das Kapital, argued that working class needs to revolt and take control. 5) WWI (1914-1918) : UK/France/Russia/US vs. Germany/Austria/Ottomons (Turkey). Russian ppl devastated by lack of supplies. 6) Russian Revolution (1917) : Russians overthrow tsar, and pull out of WWI
Notes #9a , Title: “ Russian Revolution Notes ” 1) Russia : Central part: Russian, Other parts: conquered ppl with unique culture /languages.
2) Nicholas II (1868-1918) : Autocratic + ineffective a) Refuted grandfather’s reforms, controlled using censorship, secret police, arrest, expulsion b) Easily swayed by his wife Alexandra c) Rasputin : Crazy mystic who could “heal” Nic 2’s son. Convinced Alexandra to not give ppl reform.
3) February Revolution (1917) : Kerensky leads temp gov, stay in WWI , push moderate reform 4) Soviets : Clubs promoting socialism or commun a) Mensheviks : Larger group wanted gradual reform through new laws ( a bit more extreme than UK ) b) Bolsheviks : Complete reform needed, led by small group of purist, all led by Lenin ( Communism )
5) Vladimir Lenin (1870-1924) : Fights for revolution a) Promised “ Peace, Land, Bread ” (communism) b) Communism only secure with a global revolution 6) Leon Trotsky (1879-1940) : Helped Lenin, organized military , also believed global revolution
7) Red Guard : Armed supporters of the Bolsheviks 8) October Revolution (1917) : Red Guard take over capitol with help of a navy cruiser a) Pulls out of WWI (gives up lot of land) b) Gives factories over to the workers c) Gives land over to the peasants 9) Russian Civil War (1918-1922) : a) Reds : Bolsheviks supporting communism b) Whites : Mensheviks, tsarists, democrats, UK/US 10) USSR (1922) : Russia becomes the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics a) Opposition have freedom + gov representation b) Year Later: Freedom restricted, opposition arrested/expelled/killed under justification that USSR was under attack by internal enemies
Journ #9a , “ Red vs White Debate ” 1) Read the 2 sides, choose 1 side, and write which you choose and explain why . 2) Then write down what your partner thinks ( include their name at the end ). 1 2 3 4 5 CON: Mensheviks (White) were right 1) Complete revolution disrupts too many things, better to change through making news laws 2) Private property is essential motivator for hard work PRO: Bolsheviks (Red) were right 1) Wealthy have too much power, only way to help the poor is by complete revolution 2) Property must be controlled by the gov, or workers will be cheated
Journ #9b , Title “ Video: Russian Revolution ” 1) Copy Source Title: Russian Rev 2…) Discuss questions on the board with a partner. Summarize your discussion ( include their name at the end ). Remember participation points are deducted if off task. 5 Reading/Film Qs Come From These Work Sections
Review 1) Bolsheviks : Complete reform needed, led by small group of purist, all led by Lenin ( Communism ) 2) Vladimir Lenin (1870-1924) : Fights for revolution a) Promised “ Peace, Land, Bread ” (communism) b) Communism only secure with a global revolution 3) Leon Trotsky (1879-1940) : Helped Lenin, organized military , also believed global revolution 4) October Revolution (1917) : Red Guard take over capitol with help of a navy cruiser a) Pulls out of WWI b) Gives factories over to the workers c) Gives land over to the peasants 5) USSR (1922) : Russia becomes the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics a) Freedom restricted, opposition arrested/expelled/killed
Soyuz nerushimy respublik svobodnykh Splotila naveki velikaya Rus'! Da zdravstvuyet sozdanny voley narodov Yediny, moguchy Sovetsky Soyuz! Slavsya, Otechestvo nashe svobodnoye, Druzhby narodov nadyozhny oplot! Partiya Lenina — sila narodnaya Nas k torzhestvu kommunizma vedyot! Skvoz' grozy siyalo nam solntse svobody, I Lenin veliky nam put' ozaril, Na pravoye delo on podnyal narody, Na trud i na podvigi nas vdokhnovil! V pobede bessmertnykh idey kommunizma My vidim gryadushcheye nashey strany, I krasnomu znameni slavnoy otchizny My budem vsegda bezzavetno verny!
Unbreakable union of freeborn republics Great Russia has welded forever to stand! Created in struggle by will of the people United and mighty, our Soviet land! Sing to the Motherland, home of the free, Bulwark of people, in brotherhood strong! Oh! Party of Lenin! The strength of the people. To Communism's triumph lead us on! Through tempests the sunrays of freedom have cheered us Along the new path where great Lenin did lead! To a righteous cause he raised up the people Inspired them to labour and valorous deed! CHORUS In the victory of Communism's deathless ideal, We see the future of our dear land And to her fluttering scarlet banner, selflessly true, we always shall stand!
Journ #9c , Title “ Lenin Reading + Speech ” Read and then answer these questions : 1) What was his upbringing? 2) How did he rise to power? 3) What is his legacy? 4) Pretend you are Lenin, and write a brief speech about the promise of “ Peace, Land, Bread ” AND the attractiveness of Communism . ( Extra points for those who will perform their speech ) 5 Reading/Film Qs Come From These Work Sections
Journ #9d , “ Global Revolution Debate ” 1) Read the 2 sides, choose 1 side, and write which you choose and explain why . 2) Then write down what your partner thinks ( include their name at the end ). 1 2 3 4 5 CON: Lenin was wrong, USSR should leave the world alone 1) By spreading communism, we threaten Europe+USA, they’ll leave us alone 2) Communists need to fight for revolut alone PRO: Lenin was right, USSR needs to promote global communist revolut 1) Europe+USA with their capitalists govs will feel threatened and try to surround USSR 2) Freeing the poor is a mission we must spread
Notes #9b , Title: “ USSR Notes ” 1) Communist Party (CPSU) : CPSU controlled gov (despite Constitution that says ppl control gov) a) CPSU membership limited b) CPSU ran secret police , punish opposition c) CPSU had party officials (commissars) embedded in military to ensure loyalty 2) New Economic Policy (NEP, 1921) : Gov taking all production led to production drop, esp in farming , NEP allowed ppl to keep some profits (bring back some capitalism)
3) Joseph Stalin (1879-1953) : Ambition CPSU leader, outmaneuvers (later kills) Trotsky after Lenin a) Thought focus need be on USSR, not global re b) Power hungry, ruthless, paranoid leader
Journ #9c , Title “ Video: Stalin ” 1) Copy Source Title: History Channel 2…) Discuss questions on the board with a partner. Summarize your discussion ( include their name at the end ). Remember participation points are deducted if off task. 5 Reading/Film Qs Come From These Work Sections
Homework: 1) Study today’s notes + journal sections for a possible journal quiz . 2) Pick and listen to your 4 news podcast by next Monday. Journal Check: If your name is called, drop off your journal with Mr. Chiang ( if requested, points lost if your journal is not turned in )