Education in Greece is compulsory for all
children 6-15 years old, it includes Primary
(Dimotiko) and Lower Secondary/Junior high
School (Gymnasio) Education.
The school life of the students, however, can
start from the age of 2.5 years (pre-school
education) in institutions (private and public)
kindergartens (Vrefonipiakoi Paidikoi
Stathmi). In some kindergartens there are also
nursery classes which operate along with the
• All textbooks are free for every student
throughout their school life.
• Lessons are widely varied and equally
balanced between language and science
disciplines, without overlooking the arts and
Attendance at Primary Education in Greece
(Dimotiko) lasts for six years, and children are
admitted at the age of 6. Along with the regular
kindergartens and the Primary Education, All-
day primary schools are in operation, with an
extended timetable and an enriched
Junior High School is compulsory and it lasts
for three years.
Lessons are widely varied and cover almost
There are also some Technical Vocational
Educational Schools for students with special
Post-compulsory Secondary Education in
Greece, according to the reform of 1997,
consists of two school types: Unified Upper
Secondary Schools/Senior High Schools
( Eniaia Lykeia) and the Technical Vocational
Educational Schools (EPAL). The duration of
studies in Eniaia Lykeia is three years and
two years (a' level) or three years (b' level) in
the Technical Vocational Educational
Schools. Mutual student transfer from one
type of school to the other is possible.
Along with the mainstream schools of Primary
and Secondary Education, Special
kindergartens, Primary and Lower Secondary
schools and upper secondary classes are in
operation, which admit students with special
educational needs. Musical, Ecclesiastical and
Physical Education Gymnasia and Lykeia are
also in operation.
Post-compulsory Secondary Education also
includes the Vocational Training Institutes
(IEK) , which provide formal but unclassified
level of education. These Institutes are not
classified as an educational level, because
they accept both lower secondary school and
upper secondary school graduates according
to the relevant specializations they provide.
Public higher education in Greece is divided
into Universities and Technological Education
Institutes (TEI). Students are admitted to these
Institutes according to their performance at
national level examinations taking place at the
second and third grade of Lykeio.
Additionally, students are admitted to the
Greek Open University upon the completion
of the 22 year of age by drawing lots.
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