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Facilitating access to the role models of women in STEM: W-STEM mobile app

  1. Facilitating access to the role models of women in STEM: W- STEM mobile app Dra. Alicia García-Holgado GRIAL Research Group Computer Science Department University of Salamanca, Spain aliciagh@usal.es Sonia Verdugo-Castro, Mª Cruz Sánchez-Gómez, Francisco José García-Peñalvo
  2. 1. Introduction (I) • Women are one of the least represented groups in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) areas • According to European Commission, increasing women’s participation in the technology sector will boost the economy and enable their full participation in society • The European Advisory Committee on Equal Opportunities for Women and Men identifies the promotion of non-stereotypical education, training and career choices as one of the actions to tackle gender segregation labour-market W-STEM 1
  3. 1. Introduction (II) • Several studies analyse gender bias and stereotypes in educational resources • Women in STEM are made invisible by society not only in educational material but also in the media • There is a lack of reference models of women in STEM W-STEM 2
  4. 2. W-STEM Project (I) Building the future of Latin America: engaging women into STEM Acronym W-STEM Funding body European Union. ERASMUS + Capacity-building in Higher Education Call for proposals EAC/A05/2017 Reference 598923-EPP-1-2018-1-ES-EPPKA2-CBHE-JP Dates 3 years, 15/01/2019 too 14/01/2022 Budget 862.268⁄ W-STEM 3
  5. 2. W-STEM Project (II) W-STEM 4 Oulu University – OULU (Finlandia) Politecnico di Torino – POLITO (Italia)Tecnológico de Monterrey – ITSM Universidad de Guadalajara – UDG Universidad Técnica Federico Santa María – UTSM Pontificia Universidad Católica de Valparaíso – PUCV Nothern Regional College – NRC Technological University Dublin – TUD Instituto Tecnológico de Costa Rica – ITCR Universidad de Costa Rica – UCR Universidad Técnica Particular de Loja – UTPL Universidad Técnica del Norte – UTN Universidad Tecnológica de Bolívar – UTB University of Salamanca – USAL Universidad del Norte – UNINORTE
  6. 2. W-STEM Project (III) • Improve strategies and mechanisms for attracting, accessing and guiding women in Latin America in STEM higher education programs • W-STEM aims to guarantee the transformation of the current situation in Higher Education Institutions in Latin America W-STEM 5 Photo by Bradley Hook from Pexels https://goo.gl/VbUxCx
  7. 3. Related mobile apps W-STEM 6 Women in STEM and Medicine Women Who Changed the World Girls can do I.T. Femmes de Science
  8. 4. W-STEM app (I) W-STEM 7
  9. 4. W-STEM app (II) W-STEM 8
  10. 5. Methodology • Participants: • IES Venancio Blanco, a public high school in Salamanca (Spain) • Students in the first and second year of Spanish Baccalaureate, the post-16 stage of education in Spain • Instrument: • Objective: collect qualitative data about the perception and opinions of the students • Divided into three sections: context, contents of the app, and usability and usefulness of the app • Data collection: • The instrument was implemented using a customized version of LimeSurvey W-STEM 9
  11. 6. Results (I) • Sample: • 26 answers • Regarding the use of mobile apps, only three students have paid-for apps in the categories of games, photography and education W-STEM 10 35% 61% 4% Students Male Female Prefer not to answer
  12. 6. Results (II) • The mobile app is to facilitate reference models in STEM to young girls, although it could be useful to provide information about different careers • Most of the participants (80.77%) look for information on the Internet about what study after high school • They seek information to decide which career study, to know the job opportunities that a specific career may offer and to get more details about universities W-STEM 11 “I look for experiences of people who have been in my situation to know what they did and to guide me a little. Honestly, it hasn't helped me at all” (woman, 16-18 years)
  13. 6. Results (III) • 38.46% does not know women in STEM areas W-STEM 12 “I think it does a great job” (man, 16-18 years) “I think they are there by their own efforts and merits, therefore they deserve it like anyone else” (woman, 16-18 years)
  14. 6. Results (IV) • 73.98% of the participants answer the questions related to the video interview example • The positive comments are related to the way the interviewee express herself and her answer to the questions • The most frequently repeated terms are honesty and clearness W-STEM 13 “That she has specialized in what she really liked as a child and had a vocation to start in something that everyone says is bad or gives a lot of vice.” (woman, 16-18 years)
  15. 6. Results (V) • Regarding the usability and usefulness of the app, only 6 students provided some information (26.92%) • All users identify the purpose of the app, the contents available and the way to navigate through the different screens • All comments about the design are positive: original, well organized, good, right colours, minimal W-STEM 14
  16. 7. Conclusions • The review conducted in the leading app stores shows that there are no other apps with the same objective in which real women from different ages, cultural backgrounds and, in general, different profiles, share their own life and working experience in STEM • The study provided useful information about how to approach the interviews of women in STEM, , which allow to improve the protocol for recording and editing the interviews that each partner has to carry out • It is necessary to conduct other study with real users and a functional version of the mobile app to get more information about usability and usesfulness W-STEM 15
  17. Website and social profiles https://wstemproject.eu wstemproject@gmail.com Twitter @WSTEMProject Instagram @wstemproject Facebook https://www.facebook.com/wstemproject YouTube https://www.youtube.com/c/wstemproject W-STEM 16 Official hashtag #WSTEMproject
  18. Disclaimer The European Commission support for the production of this publication does not constitute an endorsement of the contents which reflects the views only of the authors, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein W-STEM 17 W-STEM (Building the future of Latin America: engaging women into STEM) is a project funded under European Union ERASMUS + Capacity-building in Higher Education Programme (598923-EPP-1-2018-1-ES-EPPKA2-CBHE-JP)