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Gender equality in STEM programs: a proposal to analyse the situation of a university about the gender gap

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Conference paper presented at EDUCON 2020.

García-Holgado, A., Mena, J., García-Peñalvo, F. J., Pascual, J., Heikkinen, M., Harmoinen, S., García-Ramos, L., Peñabaena-Niebles, R., & Amores, L. (2020). Gender equality in STEM programs: a proposal to analyse the situation of a university about the gender gap. In 2020 IEEE Global Engineering Education Conference (EDUCON), (27-30 April 2020, Porto, Portugal). IEEE.

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Gender equality in STEM programs: a proposal to analyse the situation of a university about the gender gap

  1. 1. Gender equality in STEM programs: a proposal to analyse the situation of a university about the gender gap Dra. Alicia García-Holgado GRIAL Research Group Computer Science Department University of Salamanca, Spain aliciagh@usal.es Mena, J., García-Peñalvo, F. J., Pascual, J., Heikkinen, M., Harmoinen, S., García-Ramos, L., Peñabaena-Niebles, R., Amores, L.
  2. 2. 1. The Project (I) Building the future of Latin America: engaging women into STEM Acronym W-STEM Funding body European Union. ERASMUS + Capacity-building in Higher Education Call for proposals EAC/A05/2017 Reference 598923-EPP-1-2018-1-ES-EPPKA2-CBHE-JP Dates 3 years, 15/01/2019 too 14/01/2022 Budget 862.268⁄ W-STEM 1
  3. 3. 1. The project (II) W-STEM 2 Oulu University – OULU (Finlandia) Politecnico di Torino – POLITO (Italia)Tecnológico de Monterrey – ITSM Universidad de Guadalajara – UDG Universidad Técnica Federico Santa María – UTSM Pontificia Universidad Católica de Valparaíso – PUCV Nothern Regional College – NRC Technological University Dublin – TUD Instituto Tecnológico de Costa Rica – ITCR Universidad de Costa Rica – UCR Universidad Técnica Particular de Loja – UTPL Universidad Técnica del Norte – UTN Universidad Tecnológica de Bolívar – UTB University of Salamanca – USAL Universidad del Norte – UNINORTE
  4. 4. 1. The Project (III) W-STEM 3 Associated Partner External evaluator
  5. 5. 1. The Project (IV) • Improve strategies and mechanisms for attracting, accessing and guiding women in Latin America in STEM higher education programs • W-STEM aims to guarantee the transformation of the current situation in Higher Education Institutions in Latin America W-STEM 4 Photo by Bradley Hook from Pexels https://goo.gl/VbUxCx
  6. 6. 2. Objective This work presents a proposal to analyse the state of a university about the gender gap through a set of instruments applied and further developed in the frame of the W-STEM project W-STEM 5
  7. 7. 3. Motivation To have enough information to prepare the gender equality action plan that will be carried out during the next two years of the project W-STEM 6
  8. 8. 4. Methodology W-STEM 7
  9. 9. 5. Phase 1: Self-assessment (I) W-STEM 8 W-STEM 8 W-STEM 8 W-STEM 8 W-STEM 8 Based on the STEM and Gender Advancement (SAGA) Toolkit
  10. 10. W-STEM 9
  11. 11. 6. Phase 1: Self-assessment (II) • The 15 universities provided the data updated to the last course 2018-2019 • Although there are 26 indicators, only those associated with the ten core themes were used in this analysis due to the other indicators are not provided by all the institutions W-STEM 10 Europe (EU) Latin America (LA) NRC OULU POLITO TUD USAL ITCR PUCV ITESM UCR UDG UNINOR TE UTN UTB USM UTPL Female staff 43,75 34,18 35,31 32,01 33,41 21,52 37,53 44,75 27,67 - 26,17 24,92 21,43 19,97 45,45 F. students enrolled 48,90 30,49 28,03 22,75 37,09 32,04 28,45 33,73 38,21 30,16 34,13 31,80 29,12 25,11 21,00 F. applicants 56,50 38,69 30,85 - 42,54 42,80 29,76 45,39 39,92 - 35,47 31,19 34,09 30,51 42,86 F. applicants accepted 48,90 36,78 31,53 - 46,03 34,83 28,70 39,03 41,76 31,70 35,15 33,55 30,96 30,41 6,00 F. applicants enrolled 48,90 35,93 29,89 25,55 41,05 30,97 27,97 36,70 43,44 - 31,94 34,21 30,96 29,55 6,00 F. students graduated 64,03 42,86 30,31 23,74 35,27 37,24 36,32 34,56 37,17 28,56 34,56 32,47 30,94 26,23 30,00
  12. 12. 6. Phase 1: Self-assessment (III) • The aim of the analysis is not to compare the institutions, but to obtain an overview of the situation of each institution and to identify the available sources of data as well as possible gaps in institutional statistics that could be further improved through institutional actions W-STEM 11
  13. 13. 6. Phase 1: Self-assessment (IV) W-STEM 12
  14. 14. 6. Phase 1: Self-assessment (V) W-STEM 13
  15. 15. 7. Conclusions (I) • The self-analysis not only serves as an input of the gender equality action plans defined by each university, but also as a tool to compare the impact of the action plans • The main conclusion from the early results of the self-assessment in the W-STEM project shows that still work to do since most of the universities show percentages around 30% in the leading indicators analysed • The results of the self-analysis provided enough information to focus the gender equality action plans in each Latin American institution W-STEM 14
  16. 16. 7. Conclusions (II) • To improve the different indicators an integrated effort made by universities, industry and government to develop national policies towards reducing the gender gap • Industry and government have to implement measures such as to afford recognition of the extra social demands for women; guarantee more resources at the workplace, better parental leave conditions and better circumstances for hiring • Those measures will complement the strategies and mechanism implemented by the universities W-STEM 15
  17. 17. Website and social profiles https://wstemproject.eu wstemproject@gmail.com Twitter @WSTEMProject Instagram @wstemproject Facebook https://www.facebook.com/wstemproject YouTube https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCS1EzRQqzi03AEYWSFMER_Q W-STEM 16 Official hashtag #WSTEMproject
  18. 18. Disclaimer The European Commission support for the production of this publication does not constitute an endorsement of the contents which reflects the views only of the authors, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein W-STEM 17 W-STEM (Building the future of Latin America: engaging women into STEM) is a project funded under European Union ERASMUS + Capacity-building in Higher Education Programme (598923-EPP-1-2018-1-ES-EPPKA2-CBHE-JP)

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