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Young people participation in the Digital Society: a case study in Brazil

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Paper presented at WorldCIST 2020

Knihs, E., & García-Holgado, A. (2020). Young people participation in the Digital Society: a case study in Brazil. In Á. Rocha (Ed.), WorldCIST 2020, AISC 1161 (pp. 1-10). Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-45697-9_34

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Young people participation in the Digital Society: a case study in Brazil

  1. 1. Young people participation in the Digital Society: a case study in Brazil Everton Knihs Universidade Presbiteriana Mackenzie São Paulo, Brazil tomspsp@gmail.com Alicia García-Holgado GRIAL Research Group, Computer Sciences Department, Research Institute for Educational Sciences, University of Salamanca, Salamanca, Spain aliciagh@usal.es
  2. 2. Content 1. Introduction 2. WYRED project 3. Objective 4. Context 5. Methodology 6. Case study 7. Results 8. Europe case vs the case study in Brazil 2
  3. 3. 1. Introduction (I) The young have emerged as a distinct social group, and with it, an understanding that they have a role in social change …but half of them feel that their concerns are not taken into account 3
  4. 4. 1. Introduction (II) Communication can be considered one of the central factors in the construction of citizenship The participation of young people in the society in order to integrate their ideas and constructive analysis can be an innovative way of thinking together about a future 4
  5. 5. 1. Introduction (III) It is important to encourage science and open innovation in young people to create cycles of transfer and co-creation of knowledge between research-oriented institutions and the productive fabric 5
  6. 6. 2. WYRED project (I) The WYRED project has developed a methodological framework to support the participation of young people in the Digital Society through the social dialogues focused on the development of research projects based on the concept of citizen science 6
  7. 7. 2. WYRED project (II) The framework is composed by the methodology and the WYRED Ecosystem The WYRED Project was applied only in the participant countries, although it is possible to apply it in other countries 7 1500 children and young people between 7 and 30 years old
  8. 8. 3. Objective This work aims to lay the groundwork to transfer the WYRED framework to the Brazilian context The first phase of the WYRED methodology is a set of social dialogues among children and young people based on the key themes identified previously The case study described in this work is focused on identifying the key themes for Brazilian youth and conduct a set of dialogues, both face-to-face and through the WYRED Ecosystem 8
  9. 9. 4. Context The case study was conducted in the Universidade Presbiteriana Mackenzie (Sao Paulo, Brazil) Bachelor’s degree in Information Systems and Computer Science courses as an activity inside the discipline of Science, Technology, and Society in Mathematics and Computing Four different groups were involved, with a total of 95 students between 18 and 33 years old 9
  10. 10. 5. Methodology (I) The WYRED methodology was adapted to be applied in Brazil ● First, some key topics from a survey previously applied in Spain, Italy, Belgium, Austria, United Kingdom, Israel, and Turkey were sought to draw ● Then, it was proposed to reflect on the main opinions and themes chosen by the young, consolidating the importance of each theme 10
  11. 11. 5. Methodology (II) 11 1 2 Application of a survey based on the instrument applied in the WYRED project to identify the key topics for young people in the Digital Society Identification of the main topics chosen by young people Each class is divided into groups according to the selected key topics Preparation of the WYRED Platform to support the dialogues among the students’ groups focused on the same topic and in different classes Study on the chosen topic and participation in the community 3 4 5
  12. 12. 6. Case study (I) The case study was based on young people's perception of the main topics of interest in the Digital Society The goal is to give young people a voice so that their opinions are taken into account when making technology-related decisions 12
  13. 13. 6. Case study (II) Approach to the Digital Society in the discipline of science, technology, and society in mathematics and computing (I) The subject is offered in the first semester of the undergraduate course, is a compulsory part of the pedagogical project of the Information Systems and Computer Science courses This subject consists of theoretical classes with two face-to-face hours per week in total 13
  14. 14. 6. Case study (III) Approach to the Digital Society in the discipline of science, technology, and society in mathematics and computing (II) The discipline of Science, Technology, and Society in Mathematics and Computing is focused on the study of the development of science and technology, their interfaces with society, and their reciprocal influences on mathematics and computing The evaluation criterion of this discipline is composed of individual and group writing work, with a formal presentation 14
  15. 15. 6. Case study (IV) Key topics for young people 1. Self-image, self-confidence 2. Tolerance to different cultures/opinions 3. Necessary changes in education 4. Causes of stress among young people 5. Employment prospects 6. Cyber-bullying, shaming 7. Internet safety & privacy 8. Gender stereotypes / discrimination 15 9. Integration of migrants/refugees in schools and in the society 10. Adult misunderstandings of young people 11. Reliability of information on the Internet and social media 12. Roles of parents, friends and peer groups 13. Environmental problems (e.g. pollution) 14. Crime 15. Mental wellbeing 15 items identified during a Delphi study carried out as part of the WYRED project with young people in Europe
  16. 16. 6. Case study (V) Participants Four different groups were involved, with a total of 95 students between 18 and 33 years old: 13 women (13.68%), 78 men (82.11%), 4 others (4.21%) The survey was answered by 88 students: 12 women (13.64%), 73 men (82.95%), 2 non-binary (2.27%), and 1 preferred not to answer (1.14%) 16
  17. 17. 7. Results 17 N Mean sx Self-image, self-confidence 88 4,28 0,83 Tolerance to different cultures/opinions 86 4,55 0,762 Necessary changes in education 87 4,43 0,676 Causes of stress among young people 87 3,91 1,052 Employment prospects 87 4,1 0,836 Cyber-bullying, shaming 87 3,92 1,154 Internet safety & privacy 88 4,15 1 Gender stereotypes / discrimination 87 4,11 1,104 Integration of migrants/refugees in schools and in the society 87 3,74 1,253 Adult misunderstandings of young people 86 3,14 1,031 Reliability of information on the Internet and social media 87 4,08 1,059 Roles of parents, friends and peer groups 88 3,98 1,039 Environmental problems (e.g. pollution) 87 4,08 1,037 Crime 87 4,09 0,923 Mental wellbeing 87 4,66 0,679 The results indicate five topics that were of most significant interest, namely: ● Mental wellbeing ● Tolerance to different cultures / opinions ● Necessary changes in education ● Self-image, self-confidence ● Internet safety & privacy
  18. 18. 8. Europe case vs the case study in Brazil (I) The most valued topics in the case study are similar to those obtained in Europe (Austria, Belgium, Israel, Italy, Spain, Turkey, United Kingdom) In the European survey, 355 children and young people answer the survey, The European sample was composed of young people between 15 and 30 years old, 48.7% women and 51.3% men Even though the samples are different according to the size and gender balance, the results show a high degree of similarity 18
  19. 19. 8. European case vs the case study in Brazil (II) Four of the five topics are the same in Brazil and Europe In Brazil, “Internet safety & privacy” was better rated, while in Europe, there is a particular interest in “gender stereotypes/discrimination” 19
  20. 20. Acknowledgements With the support of the EU Horizon 2020 Programme in its “Europe in a changing world – inclusive, innovative and reflective Societies (HORIZON 2020: REV-INEQUAL-10-2016: Multi-stakeholder Platform for enhancing youth digital opportunities)” Call. Project WYRED (netWorked Youth Research for Empowerment in the Digital society) (Grant agreement No 727066). The sole responsibility for the content of this webpage lies with the authors. It does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Union. The European Commission is not responsible for any use that may be made of the information contained therein. 20
  21. 21. Young people participation in the Digital Society: a case study in Brazil Everton Knihs Universidade Presbiteriana Mackenzie São Paulo, Brazil tomspsp@gmail.com Alicia García-Holgado GRIAL Research Group, Computer Sciences Department, Research Institute for Educational Sciences, University of Salamanca, Salamanca, Spain aliciagh@usal.es

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