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Strawberries in European painting.ppsx

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Strawberries in European painting.ppsx

  1. 1. Strawberries in European painting
  2. 2. Its red color recalls the blood and therefore the passion of Christ, the tripartite leaves allude to the Trinity, the small white flowers are interpreted as the image of innocence and humility, a reference to the Virgin Mary.
  3. 3. the strawberry, a fruit in Christian iconography …
  4. 4. The donor, kneeling, in prayer posture, Mary simply seated, as Virgin of humility and birds, roses in bloom, a green carpet of violets, lilies of the valley, spring snowflakes and strawberries (The insistent presence of strawberries, which in the Middle Ages were believed to feed the souls of deceased children, it could suggest that this impressively serene painting was an ex-voto in memory of a child or teenager truncated by death). Upper Rhenish Master, Maître du Haut Rhin (Le Maître du Jardin de Paradis) Madonna of the Strawberries La Madone aux fraisiers ou La Vierge à l'Enfant aux fraises c. 1420 Kunstmuseum Solothurn, Soleure
  5. 5. The dual imagery of the strawberry, its association with the Virgin and saints and at the same with sin and temptations The strawberry is there next to angel … but lurking just below it is a devil: the Satan-monkey, squatting, at St Michael's feet, while St George's dragon, not at all awe-inspiring, seems to be basking in the sun, turning his belly upwards. Upper Rhenish Master, Maître du Haut Rhin (Le Maître du Jardin du Paradis) The Garden of Paradise Jardin du paradis 1410-1420 Städel Museum, Frankfurt am Main
  6. 6. Musical angels with their songs and instruments, saints with their halos, the Dominican tertiary Saint Catherine of Siena kneeling, the Christ Child places a golden ring, symbol of spiritual union, the Virgin Mary sits on a marble throne, in the grass at his feet, flowers and on his cloak, strawberries Lorenzo d'Alessandro da Sanseverino The Marriage of Saint Catherine of Siena Le mariage de sainte Catherine de Sienne 1481-1500 The National Gallery, London
  7. 7. An almost magical serenity, a mystical atmosphere The scene is filled with Christian symbolism: the birds in the tree represents Christ’s sacrificial death and resurrection, the apple recalls Original Sin and the strawberry is a food of the blessed, the white flower represents innocence, its three petals the Trinity Hans Baldung Grien Rest on the Flight to Egypt Repos pendant la fuite en Égypte 1515 Germanisches Nationalmuseum, Nuremberg
  8. 8. A mountainous landscape as dawn is breaking, a large fortress on top of a hill Saint Elizabeth, the mother of John, Virgin Mary, the Christ Child grasps the reed cross, which foreshadows the Crucifixion and infant Saint John the Baptist, offering to the Child a bunch of wild strawberries, a reference to the blood spilled during the Passion Agnolo Bronzino Virgin and Child with Saint Elizabeth and Saint John the Baptist Vierge à l'Enfant avec Sainte Elisabeth et Saint Jean Baptiste 1540-1545 J. Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles
  9. 9. An obelisk and some classical buildings that evoke a Roman landscape, three angels, the Virgin, the child Jesus and Saint Joseph, who offers him some strawberries, the symbol of his human incarnation Francesco Mancini Rest during the Flight to Egypt Repos pendant la fuite en Égypte 1720 Pinacoteca, Vatican
  10. 10. The sleeping child is surrounded by fauna and flora, laden with Christian symbolism … The butterfly alludes to the Resurrection, the goldfinch to the Passion, the pair of turtle doves to purity, and the swallow to the Incarnation The rose bushes allude to martyrdom, violets to humility, several stalks of wheat to the human nature of Christ, some daisies to his innocence and strawberry plants to perfect righteousness Andreas Müller The Christ Child L'Enfant Jésus 1849 Walters Art Museum, Baltimore
  11. 11. More racy view of the strawberry probably comes from its association with sin and temptation ... In this scene, the strawberry, as a plant, it creeps low on the ground traits it shares with the serpent in the Garden of Eden. Master Bertram The Grabow Altarpiece, scene Fall of Man, detail God the Father's Speech Retable de Grabow, scène Chute de l'homme, détail, Parole de punition de Dieu le Père 1379-1383 Hamburger Kunsthalle, Hamburg
  12. 12. The meeting of the two saints, the Virgin Mary and St. Elizabeth, an poetic intimacy, an idyllic landscape … but this idyll, however, is just an illusion … the bare rocks, twisted trees, beautiful and delicate flowers - iris, peony, strawberries are subtle symbols of the Passion Master MS The Visitation La Visitation 1506 Hungarian National Gallery, Budapest
  13. 13. But the strawberry didn’t just appeal to the Virgin Mary and the saints, there are alternative interpretations ...
  14. 14. the strawberry, an allusion to seduction, love …
  15. 15. Flora, the Roman goddess of spring and flowers, specially the may flowers and … Botticelli adorns the goddess's hair with cornflowers, violets and wild strawberries ... Sandro Botticelli Primavera Le Printemps 1478-1482 Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence
  16. 16. the strawberry seen as a sensual and erotic fruit ...
  17. 17. It was described as “The strawberry painting” in the 17th century … people pick apples off a tree while a man offers a woman a strawberry, man with strawberry on his back, near the water's edge, an even more imposing specimen of the same fruit reposes on a circle of semi-reclining male nudes, a man gnaws almost lustfully at a giant strawberry, his arm is gripped around it possessively: “This is my strawberry, don’t bother me!” Hieronymus Bosch, Jérôme Bosch The Garden of Earthly Delights, Center panel Le Jardin des délices, Panneau central 1490-1500 Museo del Prado, Madrid
  18. 18. the strawberry, an ephemeral and fragile fruit …
  19. 19. A Dragon-fly, two Moths, a Spider, some Beetles, with Wild Strawberries Jan van Kessel the Elder A Dragon-fly, two Moths, a Spider and some Beetles, with wild Strawberries Une libellule, deux papillons de nuit, une araignée et quelques coléoptères, avec des fraises des bois 1650 Ashmolean Museum, Oxford
  20. 20. Painted with great care ... a white tablecloth, a butter knife and a teaspoon sticking out from the jar of sugar, a lemon and the strawberries Pierre-Auguste Renoir Fraises Strawberries 1905 Collection Jean Walter et Paul Guillaume, Musée de l'Orangerie, Paris
  21. 21. A sunny garden … a red and white checkered tablecloth, a porcelain teapot and coffeepot, a small jug of milk, a plate of cherries and a plate of strawberries. ( ... the cherries were more successful than the strawberries ?) Pierre Bonnard Les Fraises The Strawberries 1910 Collection privée
  22. 22. The moving beauty of this little basket full of life, movement and color ... strawberries picked in the garden of Manet's house in Rueil Edouard Manet Fraises Strawberries 1882 Metropolitan Museum of Art,, New York City
  23. 23. A basket of strawberries and a crystal glass half full of water in which shimmer the vermilion reflections of a beautiful peach placed near two white carnations and a few cherries ... Jean-Baptiste-Siméon Chardin Le Panier de fraises des bois The Basket of Wild Strawberries 1761 Collection privée Trésor national, National treasure of France (2022)
  24. 24. o.esqsegues@gmail.com Strawberries in European painting Les fraises dans la peinture européenne images and text credit www. Music The Piano Guys Arwen's Vigil, Original Tune created olga_oes thanks for watching

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