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Surprising hairstyles in Western painting.ppsx

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Surprising hairstyles in Western painting.ppsx

  1. 1. bol cut, zazzera, rebel locks, curls and ribbons …
  2. 2. Surprising hairstyles in Western painting
  3. 3. One of the most enigmatic works of the 15th century ... Etienne Chevalier next to his patron saint, Stephen ... Saint Stephen wearing the dark robes of a deacon, holds a book, on which a jagged stone is lying, symbolising his martyrdom (St Stephen was stoned to death). Etienne Chevalier kneels in a red robe with his hands clasped in prayer. Chevalier sports a bowl cut or mushroom cut. It is named so because in medieval times, when it was popular in Europe, a bowl would be placed on the head and then used as a cutting guide to trim the hair. Jean Fouquet Diptyque de Melun, volet de gauche: Étienne Chevalier présenté par saint Étienne Melun Diptych, left-hand panel: Étienne Chevalier with his patron saint St. Stephen 1452 Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Berlin
  4. 4. Surrounded by cherubs and seraphims the Virgin and Child ... blue dress, white mantle (very fashionable), the bodice of the dress is unlaced, giving us a view of her breast (a "blasphemous libertinism"?), the shaved forehead, thin eyebrows (evidence of a preoccupation with the beauty of the time) ... There is a tradition that Agnés Sorel, the exceptionally beautiful and influential mistress of Charles VII, and probably also of Chevalier himself, was the model for this Madonna “..There is a flavor of blasphemous boldness about the whole, unsurpassed by any artist of the Renaissance…” And so the two halves of the diptych were split up and never re-united. Well actually they were, for in 1904, France borrowed the panels from Berlin for an exhibition of French primitives. Jean Fouquet Diptyque de Melun, volet droite: La Vierge et l'Enfant entourés d'anges Melun Diptych, right-hand panel: Virgin and Child Surrounded by Angels 1452 Royal Museum of Fine Arts, Antwerp
  5. 5. Young, Stylish, and Venetian … He gazes upwards, off into the unknown. The young man's hair conceals his forehead and most of his ears. The hairstyle was called a zazzera and was considered very fashionable during the 1480s and 1490s in Venice. (His hairstyle is rather formal, and I don't think any teenager today would consider mimicking it, unless he or she is very passionate about Renaissance art). Jacometto Veneziano Portrait of a Young Man Portrait d'un jeune homme 1480 Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
  6. 6. The Metropolitan Museum of Art owns a second portrait by Jacometto in which the subject sports a zazzera … The men in these two portraits wear long, black gowns typical of upper-class Venetian men. Jacometto Veneziano Portrait of Alvise Contarini Portrait d'Alvise Contarini 1485-1495 Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
  7. 7. The great Dominican theologian Saint Thomas Aquinas. Thomas holding a book and a model church, and the attributes of St. Dominic in Art: black-and-white Dominican habit and tonsure Crivelli has picked out every hair in his eyebrows and short, tonsured hair. Carlo Crivelli Saint Thomas Aquinas Saint Thomas d'Aquin 1476 National Gallery, London
  8. 8. The daughter of a wealthy Florentine banker dressed soberly and with refinement, a black velvet headdress; the lady's hairstyle is typical of the last quarter of the fifteenth century in Florence, the hair gathered at the nape, a center parting and two curls framing the forehead. Leonardo da Vinci Portrait of Ginevra de' Benci Portrait de Ginevra de' Benci 1474-1478 National Gallery of Art, Washington
  9. 9. An elegant red woolen gown with grey fur lining. The left eye shows evidence of a squint, (the painter has taken a number of liberties with representation to accentuate the features of his wife.) The horned wimple is decorated with fine lace. Way back in the fifteenth century, women were wearing their hair in “cornets”, these weird looking spikes on the top of their heads that kind of look like horns. Whatever the inspiration of the cornets, they give serious devil-vibes and will definitely be our look for Halloween next year. Jan van Eyck Portrait of Margaret van Eyck Portrait de Margareta van Eyck 1439 Groeningemuseum, Bruges
  10. 10. A theme from the iconography of Christian painting, a Sacred Conversation bringing together divine (Virgin and Child) and earthly (donor or sponsor) characters in the same scene … Madonna and Child, Chancellor Rolin, he kneels at prayer, a bold floral patterned robe with fur trim and bowl haircut, hairstyle popular in mid-15th century Jan van Eyck Madonna of Chancellor Rolin La Vierge au chancelier Nicolas Rolin 1435 Musée du Louvre, Paris
  11. 11. magnificently dressed in contemporary costume, most precious jewels, the forehead is very high, according to the fashion of the time that imposed a very high hairline, sophisticated hairstyle ... blond hair held in rolls on her temples and covered with a light white veil Piero della Francesca Diptych of Federico da Montefeltro and Battista Sforza, detail Battista Sforza, Countess of Urbino Le Triomphe de la chasteté ou Double Portrait des ducs d'Urbino, détail Battista Sforza Duchesse d'Urbino 1473-1475 Uffizi Gallery, Florence
  12. 12. a couple of dogs, a parrot, a peacock, chopines or platform shoes and sitting on a terrace, rouged cheeks, bored expressions ... two ladies with blonde frizzy hair … Venice in the second half of the 15th century, women stop waxing their foreheads, and go on to collect their hair in "fungus" (a mushroom-shaped hairstyle) covering the ears with curly locks. The hair had to be blonde (a bit coppery blonde), and Venetians dyed hair in the altanas (elevated terraces) the hair color known as "juvenile water", a liquid made with spices, herbs and even horse urine (which carried ammonia, like current dyes). Vittore Carpaccio Two Venetian Ladies Deux Dames vénitiennes 1490 Museo Correr, Venice
  13. 13. Placed before a distant landscape with towers, animated figures and a bright sky, in conspicuous contrast with his dark hair and hat ... all of these serve to accentuate his distinguished presence … one of my favorite portrait ... ohh that fashionable gentleman, ohh that hair ! Vittore Carpaccio, Attributed to Portrait of a Venetian Nobleman Portrait d'un noble vénitien 1510 Norton Simon Museum, Pasadena
  14. 14. An attractive band and hair caught up in a heavy plait from which two strands escape. (The fact that her head is not covered by a headdress indicates that she is unmarried.) Hans Holbein the Elder, Hans Holbein l'Ancien Portrait of a Woman Portrait d'une femme 1518-1520 Museo Nacional Thyssen-Bornemisza, Madrid
  15. 15. A natural redhead ... Her hair and makeup was the beauty standard at that time: pale skin, crimson red lips and cheeks, and a heart shaped hair accessorized with a little feather headdress on top of it. (Her heart shaped hair in the portrait is most likely to be a wig. For most of her life, Elizabeth wore wigs, so she might have chosen hair of any colour she liked, but she chose red; she was so committed that she is even to have dyed the tails of her horses to match. Who says redheads don’t have a sense of humour?) Anonymous, auteur inconnu The Armada Portrait of Elizabeth I Le portrait d’Élisabeth 1ere , dit de l’Armada 1588 Royal Museums Greenwich, London
  16. 16. Louis XIII is 19 years old ... an adolescent King at a pivotal moment in his life, having assumed full regal power, and emerging from the control of his mother, Marie de’ Medici. white silk doublet, gold trimmings and embroidery, sash and badge of the Order of the Saint Esprit and very fashionable: hair worn collar-length, a long strand of hair called a lovelock over one shoulder. (Louis XIII started to pioneer wig-wearing when he had prematurely begun to bald.) Frans Pourbus le Jeune, Frans Pourbus the Younger Portrait de Louis XIII Portrait of King Louis XIII of France 1620 Collection particulière
  17. 17. Long hair, adorned with dozens of bows ... The daughter of Philip IV, king of Spain and his second wife and niece, Maria Anna of Austria, and the half-sister of Maria Theresa of Austria, Queen of France, wife of Louis XIV. For political reasons, Margarita Teresa was betrothed as a child to her maternal uncle and paternal cousin, Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor. Anonymous, auteur inconnu Margarita Teresa of Spain Marguerite-Thérèse d'Autriche, infante d'Espagne 1662-1664 Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna
  18. 18. A wig with butterfly ribbons ... The daughter of King Philip IV of Spain, María Teresa became the presumptive heir to the throne in 1646. Princely suitors from around Europe were keen to have a portrait of the young infanta. This portrait has served as a model for Velázquez's assistants to copy as they met the demand for official portraits of the young princess. In 1660 the infanta married Louis XIV, her first cousin, becoming queen of France. Diego Velázquez María Teresa, Infanta of Spain Portrait de l'Infante Marie-Thérèse d'Espagne 1651-1654 Metropolitan Museum of Art, Manhattan, New York City
  19. 19. Oh that wondrous wig … French cavalry armor decorated with fleurs de lis of command baton, helmet and a wig, created by the hairdresser Binette He is thus magnificent ! … (In 1658 due to typhoid or the remedies he was given to cure it began to lose his hair. To hide the baldness, Louis XIV began to wear a wig. And the court immediately resumed this fashion, which lasted 150 years.) Hyacinthe Rigaud Louis XIV of France Louis XIV roi de France 1701 Museo del Prado, Madrid
  20. 20. Wearing a pouf ... The hairstyle would become popular across Europe in the 1780s. The height varied, they could be one meter tall and weigh up to five kilograms. Antoine-François Callet Portrait of the Princess of Lamballe Portrait of Marie Louise Thérèse de Savoie, princesse de Lamballe 1776 Château de Versailles, Versailles
  21. 21. Oh yes, the 1830s. ! hairstyles with decorations and loops of braids and buns piled on top of the head ... Here we see an actually rather subdued daytime hairstyle for the time period, compensated for by a very fabulous dress. Jan Adam Kruseman Portrait of Alida Christina Assink Portrait de Alida Christina Assink 1833 Rijksmuseum Amsterdam, Amsterdam
  22. 22. Like a true Parisian ... an exuberant and disproportionate large pink satin ribbon ingeniously interlaced with lace and curls, kept in place by gum Arabic or sugar water Jan Adam Kruseman Portrait of a Lady Portrait d'une dame 1829 Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen, Rotterdam
  23. 23. If you want to change your style, choose one of the paintings and show it to your hairdresser …
  24. 24. Surprising hairstyles in Western painting Surprenantes coiffures de la peinture occidentale images and text credit www. Music The Piano Guys Michael Meets Mozart created olga_oes thanks for watching merci M.C., merci Michel o.esqsegues@gmail.com

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